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VOCABULARY LIFE ZONES OF THE OCEAN. PLANKTON THE LARGEST GROUP OF ANIMALS OR PLANTS (THEY FLOAT ON OR NEAR THE SURFACE) THE LARGEST GROUP OF ANIMALS.

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Presentation on theme: "VOCABULARY LIFE ZONES OF THE OCEAN. PLANKTON THE LARGEST GROUP OF ANIMALS OR PLANTS (THEY FLOAT ON OR NEAR THE SURFACE) THE LARGEST GROUP OF ANIMALS."— Presentation transcript:

1 VOCABULARY LIFE ZONES OF THE OCEAN

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6 PLANKTON THE LARGEST GROUP OF ANIMALS OR PLANTS (THEY FLOAT ON OR NEAR THE SURFACE) THE LARGEST GROUP OF ANIMALS OR PLANTS (THEY FLOAT ON OR NEAR THE SURFACE)

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9 NEKTON FORMS OF OCEAN LIFE THAT SWIM FORMS OF OCEAN LIFE THAT SWIM

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11 BENTHOS ORGANISMS THAT LIVE ON THE OCEAN FLOOR ORGANISMS THAT LIVE ON THE OCEAN FLOOR

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14 PREDATOR ORGANISMS THAT EAT OTHER ORGANISMS ORGANISMS THAT EAT OTHER ORGANISMS

15 PREY ORGANISMS THAT GET EATEN ORGANISMS THAT GET EATEN

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17 INTERTIDAL ZONE THE REGION THAT LIES BETWEEN THE LOW AND HIGH TIDES, SOMETIMES OCEAN AND SOMETIMES DRY LAND. ALSO KNOWN AS THE LITTORAL ZONE THE REGION THAT LIES BETWEEN THE LOW AND HIGH TIDES, SOMETIMES OCEAN AND SOMETIMES DRY LAND. ALSO KNOWN AS THE LITTORAL ZONE

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20 SUBLITTORAL ZONE EXTENDS FROM THE LOW TIDE LINE TO THE EDGE OF THE CONTINENTAL SHELF EXTENDS FROM THE LOW TIDE LINE TO THE EDGE OF THE CONTINENTAL SHELF

21 NERITIC ZONE THE VOLUME OF WATER THAT COVERS THE CONTINENTAL SHELF THE VOLUME OF WATER THAT COVERS THE CONTINENTAL SHELF

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23 PELAGIC ENVIRONMENT THE ENTIRE VOLUME OF WATER IN THE OCEAN AND THE MARINE ORGANISMS THAT LIVE ABOVE THE OCEAN FLOOR. ALSO CALLED THE OPEN OCEAN OR OPEN SEA ZONE THE ENTIRE VOLUME OF WATER IN THE OCEAN AND THE MARINE ORGANISMS THAT LIVE ABOVE THE OCEAN FLOOR. ALSO CALLED THE OPEN OCEAN OR OPEN SEA ZONE

24 EPIPELAGIC OR EUPHOTIC ZONE TOP LAYER OF THE OCEAN WHERE ENOUGH SUNLIGHT PENETRATES TO ALLOW PHOTOSYNTHESIS TO OCCUR(PHOTOSYNTHETIC ZONE OR PHOTIC ZONE) TOP LAYER OF THE OCEAN WHERE ENOUGH SUNLIGHT PENETRATES TO ALLOW PHOTOSYNTHESIS TO OCCUR(PHOTOSYNTHETIC ZONE OR PHOTIC ZONE)

25 MESOPELAGIC ZONE TWILIGHT ZONE-SOME SUNLIGHT PENETRATES BUT NOT ENOUGH FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS TO OCCUR (DISPHOTIC ZONE)

26 BATHYALPELAGIC ZONE PART OF THE OPEN OCEAN ZONE THAT EXTENDS FROM THE CONTINENTAL SLOPE TO ABOUT 2000M, (APHOTIC)LIGHT DOES NOT PENETRATE THIS ZONE (BATHYAL ZONE) PART OF THE OPEN OCEAN ZONE THAT EXTENDS FROM THE CONTINENTAL SLOPE TO ABOUT 2000M, (APHOTIC)LIGHT DOES NOT PENETRATE THIS ZONE (BATHYAL ZONE)

27 ABYSSOPELAGIC ZONE ABYSSAL ZONE- PART OF THE OPEN OCEAN ZONE EXTENDING FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE BATHYAL ZONE TO THE ABYSSAL PLAIN, (APHOTIC) NO LIGHT AND FREEZING. ALSO KNOWN AS THE ABYSS ABYSSAL ZONE- PART OF THE OPEN OCEAN ZONE EXTENDING FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE BATHYAL ZONE TO THE ABYSSAL PLAIN, (APHOTIC) NO LIGHT AND FREEZING. ALSO KNOWN AS THE ABYSS

28 HADALPELAGIC ZONE HADAL ZONE- (APHOTIC) DEEPEST BENTHIC ZONE, WHICH CONSISTS OF THE FLOOR OF THE OCEAN TRENCHES, AND ANY ORGANISMS FOUND THERE. GREATER THAN 6,000 METERS HADAL ZONE- (APHOTIC) DEEPEST BENTHIC ZONE, WHICH CONSISTS OF THE FLOOR OF THE OCEAN TRENCHES, AND ANY ORGANISMS FOUND THERE. GREATER THAN 6,000 METERS

29 WAVES, CURRENTS, AND TIDES THE 3 BASIC MOTIONS OF OCEAN WATER THE 3 BASIC MOTIONS OF OCEAN WATER

30 WAVES THE UP AND DOWN MOTION OF THE OCEAN THE UP AND DOWN MOTION OF THE OCEAN

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32 WAVELENGTH THE DISTANCE FROM 1 WAVE CREST TO THE NEXT OR 1 WAVE TROUGH TO THE NEXT THE DISTANCE FROM 1 WAVE CREST TO THE NEXT OR 1 WAVE TROUGH TO THE NEXT

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35 CREST THE HIGHEST POINT OF A WAVE THE HIGHEST POINT OF A WAVE

36 TROUGH THE LOWEST POINT OF A WAVE THE LOWEST POINT OF A WAVE

37 WAVEHEIGHT THE VERTICAL DISTANCE BETWEEN THE WAVE CREST AND THE WAVE TROUGH THE VERTICAL DISTANCE BETWEEN THE WAVE CREST AND THE WAVE TROUGH

38 TSUNAMIS TIDAL WAVES TIDAL WAVES

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40 SURFACE CURRENTS CONTROLLED BY: GLOBAL WINDS, CORIOLIS EFFECT, AND CONTINENTAL DEFLECTIONS (GULF STREAM), WARM AND COLD WATER CURRENTS CONTROLLED BY: GLOBAL WINDS, CORIOLIS EFFECT, AND CONTINENTAL DEFLECTIONS (GULF STREAM), WARM AND COLD WATER CURRENTS

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42 CORIOLIS EFFECT EARTHS ROTATION CAUSES SURFACE CURRENTS TO CURVE TO THE RIGHT IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE AND THE LEFT IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE EARTHS ROTATION CAUSES SURFACE CURRENTS TO CURVE TO THE RIGHT IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE AND THE LEFT IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE

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44 GLOBAL WINDS WINDS BLOWING ACROSS EARTHS SURFACE CAUSING SURFACE CURRENTS WINDS BLOWING ACROSS EARTHS SURFACE CAUSING SURFACE CURRENTS

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46 CONTINENTAL DEFLECTIONS WHEN SURFACE CURRENTS MEET CONTINENTS THEY ARE DEFLECTED WHEN SURFACE CURRENTS MEET CONTINENTS THEY ARE DEFLECTED

47 DEEP CURRENTS DUE TO TEMPERATURE AND SALINITY, DENSITY OF WATER CHANGES CAUSING DIFFERENT CURRENTS TO RUN AT DIFFERENT DEPTHS AND SPEEDS DUE TO TEMPERATURE AND SALINITY, DENSITY OF WATER CHANGES CAUSING DIFFERENT CURRENTS TO RUN AT DIFFERENT DEPTHS AND SPEEDS

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49 LONGSHORE CURRENTS CURRENTS THAT ARE MORE PARALLEL TO THE SHORELINE CURRENTS THAT ARE MORE PARALLEL TO THE SHORELINE

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51 RIP TIDE CURRENTS THAT RETURN TO THE OCEAN IN A POWERFUL NARROW FLOW CURRENTS THAT RETURN TO THE OCEAN IN A POWERFUL NARROW FLOW

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54 UPWELLING RISING OF DEEP, COLD WATER CURRENTS TO THE OCEANS SURFACE RISING OF DEEP, COLD WATER CURRENTS TO THE OCEANS SURFACE

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56 EL NINO PERIODIC CHANGE IN THE LOCATION OF WARM AND COOL SURFACE WATERS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN THAT AFFECTS WEATHER PERIODIC CHANGE IN THE LOCATION OF WARM AND COOL SURFACE WATERS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN THAT AFFECTS WEATHER

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58 SWELL ROLLING WAVES THAT MOVE IN A STEADY PROCESSION ACROSS THE OCEAN ROLLING WAVES THAT MOVE IN A STEADY PROCESSION ACROSS THE OCEAN

59 WHITECAPS A WHITE, FOAMING WAVE WITH STEEP CREST THAT BREAKS IN THE OPEN OCEAN A WHITE, FOAMING WAVE WITH STEEP CREST THAT BREAKS IN THE OPEN OCEAN

60 STORM SURGE LOCAL RISE IN THE SEA LEVEL NEAR SHORE CAUSED BY STRONG WINDS FROM A STORM- OFTEN THE MOST DESTRUCTIVE PART OF A HURRICANE LOCAL RISE IN THE SEA LEVEL NEAR SHORE CAUSED BY STRONG WINDS FROM A STORM- OFTEN THE MOST DESTRUCTIVE PART OF A HURRICANE


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