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Presentation on theme: "Hybridomas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hybridomas


3 Hybrid Cell Lines Normal Cells Are Fused With A Cancerous Cell Line
E.x myeloma, lymphoma Fusion Is Accomplished With PEG (polyethylene glycol) The New Hybrid Cell Exhibits Properties Of Both Cell Types Unlimited growth Secretes monoclonal antibody Or Secretes cytokines

4 Normal Cell For Monoclonal Antibody Production
Animal Is Immunized With Antigen Spleen Cells Are Isolated Intraperitoneal Immunization Balb/c Mouse Day 0: 50 g of Ag In Complete Freund’s Adjuvant Day 14: 25 g of Ag In Incomplete Freund’s Adjuvant Day 28: 25 g of Ag In D-PBSA Bleed Animal Test Reactivity To Antigen Serum Is Diluted 1:30 Final Boost of 10 g Antigen i.v or i.p 3 days before fusion Aseptically Isolate Spleen Cells

5 P3.653 Myeloma This Cell Line Is Deficient In HGPRT (hypoxantine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase) Alternatively TK (thymidine kinase deficient) Cell Line Cannot Survive In Selection Medium Aminopterin Inhibits “De novo Pathway”, “Salvage Pathway” Is Not Possibe Due To HGPRT or TK Deficiency It Is Also Ig Deficient It can not secret any immunoglobulins Aminopterin (folic acid antagonist) Blocks De novo Pathway P3.653 cells die in the presence of aminopterin They cannot utilize the “salvage pathway” because they are HGPRT deficient


7 Possible Fusion Products
Myeloma HGPRT Deficient And Ig Deficient + Plasma Cells From Immunized Animal Senescence Can Use Salvage Pathway No Senescence Senescence HAT Medium HAT Medium





12 Fusing Spleen Cells With Myeloma
Purify Spleen cells T-cell Depletion (anti-Thy 1.2 followed by complement lysis) MACS purification (CD138) Fusion Mix spleen cells and myeloma in 50 mL tube (4:1) Spin and resuspend pellet with 1 mL PEG over 15 s Mix by swirling for 75 s Add 1 mL of SFM (serum free medium) over 15s, swirl for 45s Add 2 mL SFM over 30s, swirl 90s Add 4 mL HAT over 30s, swirl 90s Add 8 mL HAT over 30s, swirl 90s Add Above volume in a new container, add HAT till cell concentration is 1x106 cells/mL Add 200 L per well 96 well/plate (200,000 cells/well)

13 Selection Of Hybridomas
Selecting Clones Feed Wells With New HAT Medium (remove old, add 150 L new) Feed Cells Twice A Week After about 2 weeks Test Supernatants Of Potential Clones Using Elisa Retest +ve Clones in 48 hrs Expand Clones In New 96-well plate with HT NOT HAT Retest Sups, Expand In 24-well Plate, Switch To Normal Medium, Retest Expand in 4-well Plate Cryopreserve

14 Ensuring Monoclonality
To Ensure Monoclonality Sub-clone Hybridoma Serially 1 cell per 3 wells Use a spleen cells as feeder cells Feeder cells 1x106 cells/mL 96 well plate, 2x105 cells/well Colonies are observed at 5 days Replenish with fresh day 7 Screening Is done at day 10 and 14 Clones are cryopreserved same way as parental clones

15 Antibody Production Large Amounts Of Antibody Can Be Produced Using Animals Prime Balb/c animal with IFA Inject clone i.p Collect peritoneal ascites Alternatively Bioreactors Are Used Cells are cultured in hollow fibers Fresh media and waste are recircuilated High concentrations of Ab produced in cell compartment Collected at different time points

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