Presentation on theme: "Ch. 9 Guided Reading Answers. Progressive Reforms Creating Economic Reform Promoting Moral Improvement Promoting Social Welfare Creating Political Reform."— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 9 Guided Reading Answers
Progressive Reforms Creating Economic Reform Promoting Moral Improvement Promoting Social Welfare Creating Political Reform Eugene V. Debs Socialist Party of America muckrakers Prohibition Carrie Nation WCTU Florence Kelley Scientific management Frederick W. Taylor Reformers Illinois Factory Act 1893 Mayors Hazen Pingree-Detroit Tom Johnson - Cleveland Governors Robert M. LaFollette - Wisconsin Hiram Johnson – California James Hogg- Texas Ida Tarbell – History of the Standard Oil Company Upton Sinclair – The Jungle
YMCA, Salvation Army, settlement houses, Florence Kelley. It established a variety of public institutions such as parks, settlement house, passage of the Illinois Factory Act. Women’s Christian Temperance Union, Frances Willard, and the Anti-Saloon League. involved the adoption of prohibition by many towns and state governments. Eugene V. Debs, the American Socialist Movement and muckrakers such as Ida Tarbell and Upton Sinclair. public exposure of corruption. Frederick W. Taylor, Henry Ford, and Ford Motor. : wide spread adoption of the theory of scientific management, the Ford assembly line, and the “Five Dollar Day”. National Child Labor Committee; Louis Brandies; Florence Kelley; Josephine Goldman Keating-Owen Act; state child labor laws; Muller v. Oregon; Bunting v. Oregon; workers compensation law Mayors Hazen Pingree, Tom Johnson Adoption of the commission system and city-manager forms of government and property tax reforms. Robert M La Follette, Charles B. Aycock, James Hogg Wisconsin laws that managed to regulate the railroads Williams S. U’Ren Widespread adoption of the secret ballot, initiative, referendum, recall, and direct primary and passage of the 17 th Amendment.
Agricultural; domestic; manufacturing White collar jobs Agricultural; domestic; Agricultural; domestic; piecework; taking in boarders; manufacturing New women’s college’s established Marriage was no longer a woman’s only alternative; offered opportunities to pursue a profession; offered opportunities to devote oneself to volunteer work and reform movement Tried to convince state Legislatures to grant women The right to vote Pursued court cases to test the Fourteenth Amendment Campaigned for a national constitutional amendment to grant women the right to vote Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and Idaho granted women the right to vote; efforts failed in other states failed The Supreme Court ruled that women were citizens, but that citizenship did not automatically confer the right to vote
PROBLEM What steps did Roosevelt take to solve each problem? Which legislation helped solve the problem? Roosevelt : Called both sides to the White House to negotiate; threatened to take over the mines None. Sherman Antitrust Act Roosevelt: Urged Congress to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Act; fought for passage of the Elkins Act and Hepburn Act Interstate Commerce Act, Elkins Act and Hepburn Act Roosevelt: Filed suits under the Sherman Antitrust Act against many trusts. Roosevelt: Appointed a commission to study the meatpacking industry; pushed for passage of the Meat Inspection Act. Meat Inspection Act; Pure Food and Drug Act Roosevelt: Promoted conservation of natural resources; set aside thousand of acres of forest reserves, water- power sites, wildlife sanctuaries, and national parks. Named a conservative to the head of the U.S. Forest Service Legislation: National Reclamation Act (Newlands Act) Roosevelt: None or appointed an African American as head of Charleston, South Carolina customhouse; refused to dismiss an African American postmistress in Mississippi; invited Booker T. Washington to dinner Legislation: None
Progressives: Opposed Taft because he had signed and defended the Payne-Aldrich Tariff, seemed to oppose conservation, and supported conservative boss Joseph Cannon Progressives Conservatives Conservatives: Supported Taft because they opposed progressivism, Roosevelt, and low tariffs and because they favored big business. Progressives: Progressive or Bull Moose Party Conservatives: Republican Party Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Progressive Party Republican Party Democratic Party Socialist Party Woodrow Wilson Eugene V. Debs Supported government action to supervise big business, but did not oppose all big business monopolies. Favored big business, but worked to break up monopolies Supported small business and free market competition Felt that big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth.
Set up the Federal Trade Commission with the power to investigate corporations and unfair business practices. What were the aims of each piece of legislation or constitutional amendment? Strengthened the Sherman Anti Trust Act: Freed labor unions and farm organizations from antitrust laws; prohibited most injunctions against strikers Substantially reduced tariff rates for the first time since the Civil War Legalized a federal income tax Established the Federal Reserve System, a decentralized private banking system under federal control Increased activism of local and grass roots groups; the use of new strategies to build enthusiasm; regeneration of the national movement under Carrie Chapman Catt 19 th Amendment Opposed federal anti lynching legislation; appointed segregationists to his cabinet; failed to oppose the resegregation of federal offices.