2 Progressive Reforms Creating Economic Promoting Moral Improvement Ida Tarbell – History of the Standard Oil CompanyUpton Sinclair – The JunglemuckrakersWCTUProhibitionEugene V. DebsSocialist Party of AmericaCarrie NationCreating EconomicReformPromoting Moral ImprovementScientific managementProgressive ReformsFrederick W. TaylorPromotingSocial WelfareCreating PoliticalReformIllinois Factory Act 1893ReformersFlorence KelleyMayorsHazen Pingree-DetroitTom Johnson - ClevelandGovernorsRobert M. LaFollette - WisconsinHiram Johnson – CaliforniaJames Hogg- Texas
3 Williams S. U’Ren Robert M La Follette, Charles B. Aycock, James Hogg YMCA, Salvation Army, settlement houses, Florence Kelley.It established a variety of public institutions such as parks, settlement house, passage of the Illinois Factory Act.Women’s Christian Temperance Union, Frances Willard, and the Anti-Saloon League.involved the adoption of prohibition by many towns and state governments.Eugene V. Debs, the American Socialist Movement and muckrakers such as Ida Tarbell and Upton Sinclair.public exposure of corruption.Frederick W. Taylor, Henry Ford, and Ford Motor.: wide spread adoption of the theory of scientific management, the Ford assembly line, and the “Five Dollar Day”.National Child Labor Committee; Louis Brandies; Florence Kelley; Josephine GoldmanKeating-Owen Act; state child labor laws; Muller v. Oregon; Bunting v. Oregon; workers compensation lawMayors Hazen Pingree, Tom JohnsonAdoption of the commission system and city-manager forms of government and property tax reforms.Robert M La Follette, Charles B. Aycock, James HoggWisconsin laws that managed to regulate the railroadsWilliams S. U’RenWidespread adoption of the secret ballot, initiative, referendum, recall, and direct primary and passage of the 17th Amendment.
4 Agricultural; domestic; manufacturing Agricultural; domestic; piecework; taking in boarders; manufacturingWhite collar jobsNew women’s college’s establishedMarriage was no longer a woman’s only alternative; offered opportunities to pursue a profession; offered opportunities to devote oneself to volunteer work and reform movementTried to convince stateLegislatures to grant womenThe right to votePursued court cases to test the Fourteenth AmendmentCampaigned for a national constitutional amendment to grant women the right to voteWyoming, Utah, Colorado,and Idaho granted women the right to vote; efforts failed in other states failedThe Supreme Court ruled that women were citizens, but that citizenship did not automatically confer the right to vote
5 PROBLEM What steps did Roosevelt take to solve each problem? Which legislation helped solve the problem?Roosevelt : Called both sides to the White House to negotiate; threatened to take over the minesNone.Roosevelt: Filed suits under the Sherman Antitrust Act against many trusts.Sherman Antitrust ActRoosevelt: Urged Congress to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Act; fought for passage of the Elkins Act and Hepburn ActInterstate Commerce Act , Elkins Act and Hepburn ActRoosevelt: Appointed a commission to study the meatpacking industry; pushed for passage of the Meat Inspection Act.Meat Inspection Act; Pure Food and Drug ActLegislation: National Reclamation Act (Newlands Act)Roosevelt: Promoted conservation of natural resources; set aside thousand of acres of forest reserves, water-power sites, wildlife sanctuaries, and national parks. Named a conservative to the head of the U.S. Forest ServiceLegislation: NoneRoosevelt: None or appointed an African American as head of Charleston, South Carolina customhouse; refused to dismiss an African American postmistress in Mississippi; invited Booker T. Washington to dinner
6 Progressives Conservatives Progressives: Opposed Taft because he had signed and defended the Payne-Aldrich Tariff, seemed to oppose conservation, and supported conservative boss Joseph CannonConservatives: Supported Taft because they opposed progressivism, Roosevelt, and low tariffs and because they favored big business.Progressives: Progressive or Bull Moose PartyConservatives: Republican PartyProgressive PartyRepublican PartyDemocratic PartySocialist PartyTheodore RooseveltWilliam Howard TaftWoodrow WilsonEugene V. DebsSupported government action to supervise big business, but did not oppose all big business monopolies.Favored big business, but worked to break up monopoliesSupported small business and free market competitionFelt that big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth.
7 What were the aims of each piece of legislation or constitutional amendment? Set up the Federal Trade Commission with the power to investigate corporations and unfair business practices.Strengthened the Sherman Anti Trust Act: Freed labor unions and farm organizations from antitrust laws; prohibited most injunctions against strikersSubstantially reduced tariff rates for the first time since the Civil WarLegalized a federal income taxEstablished the Federal Reserve System, a decentralized private banking system under federal controlIncreased activism of local and grass roots groups; the use of new strategies to build enthusiasm; regeneration of the national movement under Carrie Chapman Catt19th AmendmentOpposed federal anti lynching legislation; appointed segregationists to his cabinet; failed to oppose the resegregation of federal offices.