Social Gospel, settlement houses inspire other reform groups Florence Kelley, political activist, advocate for women, children helps pass law prohibiting child labor, limiting women’s hours
Some feel poor should uplift selves by improving own behavior Prohibition—banning of alcoholic drinks Woman’s Christian Temperance Union spearheads prohibition crusade
1893 panic prompts doubts about capitalism; many become socialists Muckrakers—journalists who expose corruption in politics, business Upton Sinclair – The Jungle Ida M. Tarbell – “History of Standard Oil Company”
Many use experts, science to make society, workplace more efficient Scientific management—time and motion studies applied to workplace Assembly lines speed up production, make people work like machines cause high worker turnover
Governors push states to pass laws to regulate large businesses Robert M. La Follette is 3-term governor, then senator of Wisconsin Attacks big business
Child workers get lower wages, small hands handle small parts better families need children’s wages National Child Labor Committee gathers evidence of harsh conditions Groups press government to ban child labor, cut hours
Muller v. Oregon—Court upholds limiting women to 10-hour workday Bunting v. Oregon—upholds 10-hour workday for men Reformers win workers’ compensation for families of injured, killed
Initiative—bill proposed by people, not lawmakers, put on ballots Referendum—voters, not legislature, decide if initiative becomes law Recall—voters remove elected official through early election Primaries allow voters, not party machines, to choose candidates Seventeenth Amendment permits popular election of senators
What were the four goals of the progressives? What was the temperance movement? Name two reforms to elections.
What major steps did women take to gain equal rights during the Progressive Era?
Only middle-, upper-class women can devote selves to home, family Poor women usually have to work for wages outside home
Women reformers target workplace, housing, education, food, drugs National Association of Colored Women (NACW)— child care, education Susan B. Anthony of National American Woman Suffrage Assoc. (NAWSA) works for woman suffrage, or right to vote
What is suffrage? Who was a primary advocate for women’s suffrage?
AKS Who was Teddy Roosevelt? What was his contribution to progressivism and the modern presidency?
Republican Party Splits Progressives form Bull Moose Party; nominate Roosevelt Runs against Democrat Woodrow Wilson, reform governor of NJ Wilson wins
Who was Woodrow Wilson? What were his domestic and international visions for the United States?
28 th President Wilson was lawyer, professor, president of Princeton, NJ governor As president, focuses on trusts, tariffs, high finance Fair Deal
Clayton Antitrust Act stops companies buying stock to form monopoly Federal Trade Commission (FTC)—new “watchdog” agency investigates regulatory violations ends unfair business practices 1920 Nineteenth Amendment grants women right to vote Federal Reserve System—private banking system under federal control