8Promoting social welfare Social Gospel, settlement houses inspire other reform groupsFlorence Kelley, political activist, advocate for women, childrenhelps pass law prohibiting child labor, limiting women’s hours
9Promoting moral improvement Some feel poor should uplift selves by improving own behaviorProhibition—banning of alcoholic drinksWoman’s Christian Temperance Union spearheads prohibition crusade
10Creating economic reform 1893 panic prompts doubts about capitalism; many become socialistsMuckrakers—journalists who expose corruption in politics, businessUpton Sinclair – The JungleIda M. Tarbell – “History of Standard Oil Company”
11Fostering EfficiencyMany use experts, science to make society, workplace more efficientScientific management—time and motion studies applied to workplaceAssembly lines speed up production, make people work like machinescause high worker turnover
13Cleaning up local/state government Governors push states to pass laws to regulate large businessesRobert M. La Follette is 3-term governor, then senator of WisconsinAttacks big business
14Child LaborChild workers get lower wages, small hands handle small parts betterfamilies need children’s wagesNational Child Labor Committee gathers evidence of harsh conditionsGroups press government to ban child labor, cut hours
15Working HoursMuller v. Oregon—Court upholds limiting women to 10-hour workdayBunting v. Oregon—upholds 10-hour workday for menReformers win workers’ compensation for families of injured, killed
16Election ReformInitiative—bill proposed by people, not lawmakers, put on ballotsReferendum—voters, not legislature, decide if initiative becomes lawRecall—voters remove elected official through early electionPrimaries allow voters, not party machines, to choose candidatesSeventeenth Amendment permits popular election of senators
17Door Ticket What were the four goals of the progressives? What was the temperance movement?Name two reforms to elections.
1817.2 – Women’s role in the Progressive Movement What major steps did women take to gain equal rights during the Progressive Era?
21Women in the late 19th Century Only middle-, upper-class women can devote selves to home, familyPoor women usually have to work for wages outside home
22Women’s Reform Movement Women reformers target workplace, housing, education, food, drugsNational Association of Colored Women (NACW)—child care, educationSusan B. Anthony of National American Woman Suffrage Assoc. (NAWSA)works for woman suffrage, or right to vote
23Review What is suffrage? Who was a primary advocate for women’s suffrage?
2418.3 AKS Who was Teddy Roosevelt? What was his contribution to progressivism and the modern presidency?
34Bull Moose Party Republican Party Splits Progressives form Bull Moose Party; nominate RooseveltRuns against Democrat Woodrow Wilson, reform governor of NJWilson wins
3518.5Who was Woodrow Wilson?What were his domestic and international visions for the United States?
36Woodrow Wilson 28th President Wilson was lawyer, professor, president of Princeton, NJ governorAs president, focuses on trusts, tariffs, high financeFair Deal
37Wilson’s ReformsClayton Antitrust Act stops companies buying stock to form monopolyFederal Trade Commission (FTC)—new “watchdog” agencyinvestigates regulatory violationsends unfair business practices1920 Nineteenth Amendment grants women right to voteFederal Reserve System—private banking system under federal control