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 What were the social, economic, and political conditions that provoked the progressive movement?  What were the goals of the progressive movement?

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Presentation on theme: " What were the social, economic, and political conditions that provoked the progressive movement?  What were the goals of the progressive movement?"— Presentation transcript:

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2  What were the social, economic, and political conditions that provoked the progressive movement?  What were the goals of the progressive movement?

3  Could women vote?  Did workers have the rights that we do today?  Could rats get mixed up in processed food?  Did people drive cars?

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5  Political, economic, and social change in late 19 th century America leads to broad progressive reforms.

6  Protecting social welfare  Promoting moral improvement  Creating economic reform  Fostering efficiency

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8  Social Gospel, settlement houses inspire other reform groups  Florence Kelley, political activist, advocate for women, children  helps pass law prohibiting child labor, limiting women’s hours

9  Some feel poor should uplift selves by improving own behavior  Prohibition—banning of alcoholic drinks  Woman’s Christian Temperance Union spearheads prohibition crusade

10  1893 panic prompts doubts about capitalism; many become socialists  Muckrakers—journalists who expose corruption in politics, business  Upton Sinclair – The Jungle  Ida M. Tarbell – “History of Standard Oil Company”

11  Many use experts, science to make society, workplace more efficient  Scientific management—time and motion studies applied to workplace  Assembly lines speed up production, make people work like machines  cause high worker turnover

12  What are the four goals of progressivism?

13  Governors push states to pass laws to regulate large businesses  Robert M. La Follette is 3-term governor, then senator of Wisconsin  Attacks big business

14  Child workers get lower wages, small hands handle small parts better  families need children’s wages  National Child Labor Committee gathers evidence of harsh conditions  Groups press government to ban child labor, cut hours

15 Muller v. Oregon—Court upholds limiting women to 10-hour workday Bunting v. Oregon—upholds 10-hour workday for men Reformers win workers’ compensation for families of injured, killed

16  Initiative—bill proposed by people, not lawmakers, put on ballots  Referendum—voters, not legislature, decide if initiative becomes law  Recall—voters remove elected official through early election  Primaries allow voters, not party machines, to choose candidates  Seventeenth Amendment permits popular election of senators

17  What were the four goals of the progressives?  What was the temperance movement?  Name two reforms to elections.

18  What major steps did women take to gain equal rights during the Progressive Era?

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21 Only middle-, upper-class women can devote selves to home, family Poor women usually have to work for wages outside home

22  Women reformers target workplace, housing, education, food, drugs  National Association of Colored Women (NACW)— child care, education  Susan B. Anthony of National American Woman Suffrage Assoc. (NAWSA)  works for woman suffrage, or right to vote

23  What is suffrage?  Who was a primary advocate for women’s suffrage?

24  AKS  Who was Teddy Roosevelt?  What was his contribution to progressivism and the modern presidency?

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26  Rough Rider  President McKinley shot; Roosevelt becomes president at 42  Modern President  Square Deal

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28  Uses the Sherman Anti-Trust act to:  Break up monopolies and trusts

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30  Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle—unsanitary conditions in meatpacking  Roosevelt pushes for Meat Inspection Act  Pure Food and Drug Act halts sale of contaminated food, medicine

31 Roosevelt sets aside forest reserves, sanctuaries, national parks Believes conservation part preservation, part development for public

32  Who was the largest president in American History?  Who was the only president to also serves in the highest office of the Judicial Branch?

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34  Republican Party Splits  Progressives form Bull Moose Party; nominate Roosevelt  Runs against Democrat Woodrow Wilson, reform governor of NJ  Wilson wins

35  Who was Woodrow Wilson?  What were his domestic and international visions for the United States?

36  28 th President Wilson was lawyer, professor, president of Princeton, NJ governor As president, focuses on trusts, tariffs, high finance Fair Deal

37  Clayton Antitrust Act stops companies buying stock to form monopoly  Federal Trade Commission (FTC)—new “watchdog” agency  investigates regulatory violations  ends unfair business practices  1920 Nineteenth Amendment grants women right to vote  Federal Reserve System—private banking system under federal control


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