“Between capitalist and communist society there lies the period of the revolutionary transformation of the one into the other. Corresponding to this is also a political transition period in which the state can be nothing but the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat.”
Created in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta It was created by a number of socialists, farm, corporative and labor groups, and the league for social reconstruction It aimed to lessen the great depression through public corporation and social reform In 1933, the party went to Regina where they elected James Shaver Woodsworth as its first president The party set out its goals when they adopted the Regina Manifesto. One of their goals were to create a mixed economy by Nationalization They planned Nationalization of key industries and establishing a Welfare State It would include: universal pensions, health and welfare insurance, children's allowances, unemployment insurance, workers' compensation and similar programs J.S Woodsworth
It gained support from Ontario, British Colombia and Saskatchewan and triumphed the election of a CCF government in Saskatchewan in 1944 The pressure from the CCF encouraged Mackenzie King’s Liberal government to provide social welfare measures The party leaders: i.J.S Woodsworth - August 1, 1932 - March 21, 1942 ii.Major Coldwell - March 22, 1942 - August 10, 1960 iii.Hazen Argue - August 11, 1960 - August 2, 1961 Unfortunately, during the cold war the CCF was accused of having communist, dictatorial leadings The party addressed these accusation in 1956 by replacing the Regina Manifesto document with the “Winnipeg Declaration” The party did very weakly in the election of 1958. It won only eight seats
The background is the flag for ‘the red scare’ where the hammer and the sickle symbolize the unification of the workers and the peasants. The star represents the communist party The First red scare took place in 1917-1920, and was marked by a widespread fear of anarchism and communism Tensions were elevated due to violence by various groups inspired by the Bolshevik revolution in Russia and the ensuing Russian Civil War In 1919, a plot was set up to send 36 bombs to a variety of places. On June 2 nd, bombs exploded in eight different cities within the same hour The common view was that communists were planning to overthrow democracy. The ‘Red scare’ was the threat against the capitalists
One Big Union (OBU) A movement unite all wage workers in one union formed on a class basis instead of a basis of craft or industry Took place in Calgary in March, 1919 Canadian governments espoused in economic progress and the values of industrial capitalism A wave of radicalism swept across the labor movement of Western Canada Caused Winnipeg General Strike
Winnipeg General Strike Started from 15 May, 1919 Negotiations broke down between management and labor Almost 30 000 workers joined it Arrested 10 leaders of the committee and 2 propagandists from the newly formed OBU A charge by Royal North-West Mounted Police into a crowd of strikers resulted in 30 casualties Ended in 25 June 1919 June 17 June 21
Photo of Winnipeg General Strike Royal North-West Mounted Police One of the strike leaders, Bray, R.E. Marchers in support of Winnipeg Strike leaders leaving Market Square, passing City Hall
Formation of On To Ottawa Trek - In the 1929-39 there were many fierce battles, one highlight was the general strike of young unemployed single men in work camps located in British Columbia (Canada’s west coast) - They received 20 cents a day for 6 and half days a week - They left the camps and congregated to Vancouver - After 2 months of unsuccessful struggle they took their case direct to Ottawa, the nations capital 3000 miles to the east - This is how the On To Ottawa Trek was formed
What Is The On To Ottawa Trek - The journey began on June 3 - The rode railway freight cars across mountains and prairies - They reached Regina, only half way through - They were stopped by RCMP (Royal Canadian Mountain Police) - One month later the strike was brutally smashed (July 1 st ) during a police-inspired riot and its leaders arrested
After the On To Ottawa Trek - - This strike and trip captured many Canadian hearts and minds - - A few months after wards when the federal elections came around the prime minister R.B. “Iron Heel” Bennet went down to resounding defeat - The new liberal government felt compelled to abolish the camps
William Aberhart “Bible Bill” William Aberhart was also known as “Bible Bill” for his religious preaching, Aberhart became interested in politics during the Great Depression He was interested in the “social credit” theories of Major C.H Douglas, a Scottish engineer. From 1932 to 1935, Aberhart lobbied for the governing political party, the United Farmers of Alberta, to discuss these theories The meaning of social credit is that the difference in production cost and individuals' purchasing power should be attached through government grants.
William Aberhart established the Social Credit Party of Alberta in 1935 He promised each citizen a “prosperity certificate” of $25 a month to buy necessities His government was not able to apply most of their rules, because the social credit concept relied on control of the money supply and of the banks, both of which were the responsibility of the federal government of Canada Social Credit Party of Alberta
Social Credit remained in power in the province until the1971 election 1971 election was won by, The Progressive Conservative Party Election of 1940 Aberharts government was re-elected This time they had a little more control in the province's financial industry by creating the Alberta Treasury Branches in 1938
A very inspiring and well known man In 1925 he had his own radio program called, voice of the prairies, its where he would talk of his prophetic messages to listeners across the prairie Some viewed him as a gift from god, but some viewed him as a voice of evil Aberhart died unexpectedly on May 23,1943, during a visit to Vancouver,British Columbia
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