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Populism, rentism and 21 st Century Socialism:.

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Presentation on theme: "Populism, rentism and 21 st Century Socialism:."— Presentation transcript:

1 Populism, rentism and 21 st Century Socialism:

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4 Communication Leader - Followers – The Plebiscite logic – Permanent campaign – Communicative State (El Estado Comunicador) Centered on Chavez Aló Presidente Presidential Broadcastings – Sophisticated Technological Platform… A sort of Direct Democracy – Sociopolitical Networks directly linked to Chavez: Top-bottom Communal Councils – Political Organizations: MVR Circulos & PSUV – Participatory Organizations

5 Social Composition of Chavism Followers mainly from lower classes and most recently from rural areas classes.

6 Electoral Composition

7 Chavez’s political elites Military. Lower and middle class. Professional education Civilian. Lower and middle class Professionals. Middle age and leftist social and political activists.

8 Conclusions Chávez as the empty signifier in The political struggle during his first term. The State centralization. The Constitutional amendment and Chavez authoritarian tendencies. The weakening of democratic institutions.


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