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Lesson 9: A Study of John 3:5 Lesson 9: A Study of John 3:5.

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1 Lesson 9: A Study of John 3:5 Lesson 9: A Study of John 3:5

2 Baptism: Unwatered-down What are we talking about? By Definition—Immersion in WaterBy Definition—Immersion in Water An Important Bible SubjectAn Important Bible Subject The “One Baptism” (Eph. 4:5)The “One Baptism” (Eph. 4:5) A Serious Study!A Serious Study! –Water baptism of the Great Commission is tied in some way to salvation. That’s undeniable! –WHAT IS IT’S PURPOSE? –What does it have to do (if anything) with my salvation? By Definition—Immersion in WaterBy Definition—Immersion in Water An Important Bible SubjectAn Important Bible Subject The “One Baptism” (Eph. 4:5)The “One Baptism” (Eph. 4:5) A Serious Study!A Serious Study! –Water baptism of the Great Commission is tied in some way to salvation. That’s undeniable! –WHAT IS IT’S PURPOSE? –What does it have to do (if anything) with my salvation?

3 Wash away sins Be baptized Acts 22:16 Remission of sins Repent Be baptized Acts 2:38 Saved from sins Believe Be baptized Mark 16:15-16 Christian New rela. w/ God Be baptized Matt. 28:18-20 Get into Christ & blood New life, free from sin Buried in baptism Rom. 6:3-4, 17 Sons of God, in Christ Put on Christ Baptized Gal. 3:26-27 Baptism 1 Peter 3:21 Saved Good conscience

4 “Bapt-” words in N.T. = 114 times in 91 verses

5 Col. 2:12 Eph. 4:5 Gal. 3:27 1Co. 12:13 1Co. 1:17 1Co. 1:16 1Co. 1:15 1Co. 1:14 1Co. 1:13 Ro. 6:4 Ro. 6:3 Ac. 8:36 Ac. 19:5 Ac. 8:16 Ac. 8:13 Ac. 8:12 Ac. 2:41 Ac. 18:8 Ac. 2:38 Ac. 16:33 Ac. 16:15 Ac. 11:16 Ac. 10:48 Ac. 10:47 Ac. 9:18 Ac. 8:38 Mt. 28:19 Baptism: Unwatered-down Let’s Study What the Bible Says! Mk. 16:16 Ac. 22:16 1 Pet. 3:21 Some (not all) other passages that speak of baptism without using that word: John 3:5 Ephesians 5:26 Titus 3:5 1 Corinthians 6:11 Hebrews 10:22 Some (not all) other passages that speak of baptism without using that word: John 3:5 Ephesians 5:26 Titus 3:5 1 Corinthians 6:11 Hebrews 10:22

6 Baptism: Unwatered-down John 3:1-7 1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, "Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him." 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, "Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him." 3 Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." 3 Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." 4 Nicodemus said to Him, "How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?" 4 Nicodemus said to Him, "How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?" 5 Jesus answered, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 5 Jesus answered, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 "That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 6 "That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 "Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’” 7 "Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’” 1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, "Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him." 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, "Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him." 3 Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." 3 Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." 4 Nicodemus said to Him, "How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?" 4 Nicodemus said to Him, "How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?" 5 Jesus answered, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 5 Jesus answered, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 "That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 6 "That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 "Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’” 7 "Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’”

7 John 2:25 and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man. 3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, "Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him." John 2:25 and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man. 3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, "Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him." Jesus knows what is in man (i.e., what he is thinking) Nicodemus was religious, a Jewish leader, a moral man He believed in Jesus but he was not born again

8 Water Baptism in John 3:1-7 Many attempts have been made over the last 500 years to remove water from John 3, especially any reference to water baptism.Many attempts have been made over the last 500 years to remove water from John 3, especially any reference to water baptism. However, until the time of John Calvin in the 1500s, baptism was not disputed in John 3.However, until the time of John Calvin in the 1500s, baptism was not disputed in John 3. In the early centuries following the time of Christ, the “church fathers” accepted and taught “born of water” to mean baptism.In the early centuries following the time of Christ, the “church fathers” accepted and taught “born of water” to mean baptism. Many attempts have been made over the last 500 years to remove water from John 3, especially any reference to water baptism.Many attempts have been made over the last 500 years to remove water from John 3, especially any reference to water baptism. However, until the time of John Calvin in the 1500s, baptism was not disputed in John 3.However, until the time of John Calvin in the 1500s, baptism was not disputed in John 3. In the early centuries following the time of Christ, the “church fathers” accepted and taught “born of water” to mean baptism.In the early centuries following the time of Christ, the “church fathers” accepted and taught “born of water” to mean baptism.

9 Water Baptism in John 3:1-7 William Wall, reliable church historian and scholar in the Church of England, affirms in his work, History of Infant Baptism, that from Christ until the time of John Calvin the words “born of water” meant “baptized.”William Wall, reliable church historian and scholar in the Church of England, affirms in his work, History of Infant Baptism, that from Christ until the time of John Calvin the words “born of water” meant “baptized.” –“There is not one Christian writer of any antiquity in any language but what understands it of baptism. And if it be not so understood, it is difficult to give an account how a person is born of water, any more than of wood” (Vol. 1, p. 92, cf. p. 443). William Wall, reliable church historian and scholar in the Church of England, affirms in his work, History of Infant Baptism, that from Christ until the time of John Calvin the words “born of water” meant “baptized.”William Wall, reliable church historian and scholar in the Church of England, affirms in his work, History of Infant Baptism, that from Christ until the time of John Calvin the words “born of water” meant “baptized.” –“There is not one Christian writer of any antiquity in any language but what understands it of baptism. And if it be not so understood, it is difficult to give an account how a person is born of water, any more than of wood” (Vol. 1, p. 92, cf. p. 443).

10 Water Baptism in John 3:1-7 J.R. Graves (Baptist preacher & debater):J.R. Graves (Baptist preacher & debater): –“If…born of water refers to anything but the baptism…we never knew it…It means nothing else, and no Baptist that we ever heard or read of ever believed otherwise…” (The Tennessee Baptist, Oct. 30, 1886, p. 5). Albert Barnes (Presbyterian preacher):Albert Barnes (Presbyterian preacher): –“By water, here, is evidently signified baptism” (Notes on the New Testament, John, p. 210). Bauer, Danker, Arndt & Gingrich Greek-English Lexicon (2000):Bauer, Danker, Arndt & Gingrich Greek-English Lexicon (2000): –Referring to born of water in John 3:5—“Of Christian baptism, the new birth” (p. 1023). J.R. Graves (Baptist preacher & debater):J.R. Graves (Baptist preacher & debater): –“If…born of water refers to anything but the baptism…we never knew it…It means nothing else, and no Baptist that we ever heard or read of ever believed otherwise…” (The Tennessee Baptist, Oct. 30, 1886, p. 5). Albert Barnes (Presbyterian preacher):Albert Barnes (Presbyterian preacher): –“By water, here, is evidently signified baptism” (Notes on the New Testament, John, p. 210). Bauer, Danker, Arndt & Gingrich Greek-English Lexicon (2000):Bauer, Danker, Arndt & Gingrich Greek-English Lexicon (2000): –Referring to born of water in John 3:5—“Of Christian baptism, the new birth” (p. 1023).

11 Objections to Water Baptism in John 3 Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit.Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit. 1. The passage is very straightforward, and there is no contextual indication that this term “water” is being used figuratively. 2.The employment of the word “water” would immediately call to mind the act of baptism that was being practiced by John the Baptist. 3.John himself drew a distinction between water baptism and Spirit baptism—”I indeed baptized you with water, but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit” (Mark 1:8). Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit.Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit. 1. The passage is very straightforward, and there is no contextual indication that this term “water” is being used figuratively. 2.The employment of the word “water” would immediately call to mind the act of baptism that was being practiced by John the Baptist. 3.John himself drew a distinction between water baptism and Spirit baptism—”I indeed baptized you with water, but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit” (Mark 1:8).

12 Objections to Water Baptism in John 3 Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit.Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit. 4.Is “water” being used symbolically of the Spirit in verse 23 (“much water there”)? 5.If “water” is to mean “Spirit,” what sense does it make for Jesus to say, “unless one is born of Spirit and the Spirit, he cannot…”? 6.In Biblical study, words must be viewed literally unless the text or context demands a figurative reading. There is nothing in John 3:5 that would demand anything but a literal understanding of the word “water.” Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit.Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit. 4.Is “water” being used symbolically of the Spirit in verse 23 (“much water there”)? 5.If “water” is to mean “Spirit,” what sense does it make for Jesus to say, “unless one is born of Spirit and the Spirit, he cannot…”? 6.In Biblical study, words must be viewed literally unless the text or context demands a figurative reading. There is nothing in John 3:5 that would demand anything but a literal understanding of the word “water.”

13 Objections to Water Baptism in John 3 Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit.Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit. 7.If water does not really mean “water” as would have been commonly understood but is actually used symbolically, how can we be sure that the word “Spirit” means Spirit? Maybe it also is being used symbolically. 8.Jesus said “water” and that is what He meant. Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit.Some argue: “Water” is a symbolic reference to the Spirit. 7.If water does not really mean “water” as would have been commonly understood but is actually used symbolically, how can we be sure that the word “Spirit” means Spirit? Maybe it also is being used symbolically. 8.Jesus said “water” and that is what He meant.

14 Objections to Water Baptism in John 3 Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 1. Jesus is NOT talking about the past. He is talking about something that Nicodemus had not yet experienced and needed to do. “Again” emphasizes the timing, yet future. 2.Never does the Bible use the word “water” to refer to the physical birth. It uses “flesh” (v. 6) and “of woman” (Job 14:1), but not water. Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 1. Jesus is NOT talking about the past. He is talking about something that Nicodemus had not yet experienced and needed to do. “Again” emphasizes the timing, yet future. 2.Never does the Bible use the word “water” to refer to the physical birth. It uses “flesh” (v. 6) and “of woman” (Job 14:1), but not water.

15 Objections to Water Baptism in John 3 Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 3.What about those babies born when no amniotic fluid is present? What about those delivered by Caesarean section (no water)? Would these not be eligible for the kingdom? 4.Why would Jesus require physical birth? Doesn’t that seem a bit ridiculous, awkward and puzzling for the Son of God to say? Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 3.What about those babies born when no amniotic fluid is present? What about those delivered by Caesarean section (no water)? Would these not be eligible for the kingdom? 4.Why would Jesus require physical birth? Doesn’t that seem a bit ridiculous, awkward and puzzling for the Son of God to say?

16 Objections to Water Baptism in John 3 Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 5.If they truly hold this position, why would they baptize anyone in water? If “water” in John 3 is physical birth, then they end up with two births out of water (cf. Eph. 4:5). 6.If physical birth is all that is necessary for the water in John 3:5, why would water ever end up in the Great Commission (Matt. 28:19)? Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 5.If they truly hold this position, why would they baptize anyone in water? If “water” in John 3 is physical birth, then they end up with two births out of water (cf. Eph. 4:5). 6.If physical birth is all that is necessary for the water in John 3:5, why would water ever end up in the Great Commission (Matt. 28:19)?

17 Objections to Water Baptism in John 3 Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 7.If not baptism, why even mention water? 8.Jesus said, “water,” not amniotic fluid. It takes a struggle to try to apply any meaning other than the obvious one that fits with the rest of the N.T. context. Nicodemus, historians, scholars and serious Bible students have understood this as baptism. Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith.Some argue: “Water” in John 3:5 is a reference to the amniotic fluid released from the mother’s womb prior to the physical birth of a baby. Jesus says that everyone when born physically passes through “water,” and then to be born spiritually he must pass through the Spirit in his faith. 7.If not baptism, why even mention water? 8.Jesus said, “water,” not amniotic fluid. It takes a struggle to try to apply any meaning other than the obvious one that fits with the rest of the N.T. context. Nicodemus, historians, scholars and serious Bible students have understood this as baptism.

18 1.Born again = born of water & Spirit. Jesus does not change subjects between verses 3 & 5; He simply elaborates.Jesus does not change subjects between verses 3 & 5; He simply elaborates. Both verses speak of the same birth. The two elements of the one birth are mentioned in verse 5 (they occur together).Both verses speak of the same birth. The two elements of the one birth are mentioned in verse 5 (they occur together). The two nouns (water & Spirit) are the objects of the one preposition, joined together by the coordinating conjunction “and.” Both elements are of necessity equally a part of the one birth.The two nouns (water & Spirit) are the objects of the one preposition, joined together by the coordinating conjunction “and.” Both elements are of necessity equally a part of the one birth. 1.Born again = born of water & Spirit. Jesus does not change subjects between verses 3 & 5; He simply elaborates.Jesus does not change subjects between verses 3 & 5; He simply elaborates. Both verses speak of the same birth. The two elements of the one birth are mentioned in verse 5 (they occur together).Both verses speak of the same birth. The two elements of the one birth are mentioned in verse 5 (they occur together). The two nouns (water & Spirit) are the objects of the one preposition, joined together by the coordinating conjunction “and.” Both elements are of necessity equally a part of the one birth.The two nouns (water & Spirit) are the objects of the one preposition, joined together by the coordinating conjunction “and.” Both elements are of necessity equally a part of the one birth. Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born again born of water born again and the Spirit

19 2.Born again = water baptism. The Bible speaks of Jesus’ resurrection as being “born” (i.e., first-born) from the dead (Col. 1:18; Rev. 1:5). He was “raised from the dead” (Acts 3:15; 4:10), “begotten” (Acts 13:33).The Bible speaks of Jesus’ resurrection as being “born” (i.e., first-born) from the dead (Col. 1:18; Rev. 1:5). He was “raised from the dead” (Acts 3:15; 4:10), “begotten” (Acts 13:33). The Bible speaks of one being “buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him…” (Col. 2:12; cf. Rom. 6:4). [Immersion]The Bible speaks of one being “buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him…” (Col. 2:12; cf. Rom. 6:4). [Immersion] If Jesus was “born” of the dead, what would it mean if we were “born of water”? = BAPTISM!If Jesus was “born” of the dead, what would it mean if we were “born of water”? = BAPTISM! 2.Born again = water baptism. The Bible speaks of Jesus’ resurrection as being “born” (i.e., first-born) from the dead (Col. 1:18; Rev. 1:5). He was “raised from the dead” (Acts 3:15; 4:10), “begotten” (Acts 13:33).The Bible speaks of Jesus’ resurrection as being “born” (i.e., first-born) from the dead (Col. 1:18; Rev. 1:5). He was “raised from the dead” (Acts 3:15; 4:10), “begotten” (Acts 13:33). The Bible speaks of one being “buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him…” (Col. 2:12; cf. Rom. 6:4). [Immersion]The Bible speaks of one being “buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him…” (Col. 2:12; cf. Rom. 6:4). [Immersion] If Jesus was “born” of the dead, what would it mean if we were “born of water”? = BAPTISM!If Jesus was “born” of the dead, what would it mean if we were “born of water”? = BAPTISM! Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born again born of water

20 3.Born again = born of the Spirit. The Holy Spirit is present in every conversion:The Holy Spirit is present in every conversion: -1 Pet. 1:22-25—”Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart, having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever… this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you.” -James 1:18—”Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures.” -1 Cor 4:15—”…for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel” (cf. 1 Pet. 1:12). 3.Born again = born of the Spirit. The Holy Spirit is present in every conversion:The Holy Spirit is present in every conversion: -1 Pet. 1:22-25—”Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart, having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever… this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you.” -James 1:18—”Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures.” -1 Cor 4:15—”…for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel” (cf. 1 Pet. 1:12). Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born again born of the Spirit

21 3.Born again = born of the Spirit. The Spirit uses an intermediary tool in our conversion—the Word (the gospel) which He led men to write (James 1:18; 1 Pet. 1:12, ; 1 Cor. 4:15; cf. 2 Pet. 1:21).The Spirit uses an intermediary tool in our conversion—the Word (the gospel) which He led men to write (James 1:18; 1 Pet. 1:12, ; 1 Cor. 4:15; cf. 2 Pet. 1:21). God teaches that “the sword of the Spirit…is the word of God” (Eph. 6:17), by which the spirit of man is born again (John 3:3-7).God teaches that “the sword of the Spirit…is the word of God” (Eph. 6:17), by which the spirit of man is born again (John 3:3-7). To tie them together, Romans 1:16 teaches, “the gospel…is the power of God to salvation.”To tie them together, Romans 1:16 teaches, “the gospel…is the power of God to salvation.” 3.Born again = born of the Spirit. The Spirit uses an intermediary tool in our conversion—the Word (the gospel) which He led men to write (James 1:18; 1 Pet. 1:12, ; 1 Cor. 4:15; cf. 2 Pet. 1:21).The Spirit uses an intermediary tool in our conversion—the Word (the gospel) which He led men to write (James 1:18; 1 Pet. 1:12, ; 1 Cor. 4:15; cf. 2 Pet. 1:21). God teaches that “the sword of the Spirit…is the word of God” (Eph. 6:17), by which the spirit of man is born again (John 3:3-7).God teaches that “the sword of the Spirit…is the word of God” (Eph. 6:17), by which the spirit of man is born again (John 3:3-7). To tie them together, Romans 1:16 teaches, “the gospel…is the power of God to salvation.”To tie them together, Romans 1:16 teaches, “the gospel…is the power of God to salvation.” Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born again born of the Spirit

22 4.Baptism is an absolute MUST. Unless means “except on the condition that.” Jesus says nothing can result if the conditions (i.e., born of water and the spirit) are not met.Unless means “except on the condition that.” Jesus says nothing can result if the conditions (i.e., born of water and the spirit) are not met. Cannot means “without ability or permission.” Jesus says that the one who does not meet the conditions has no ability or permission (“he CANNOT”) enter the kingdom.Cannot means “without ability or permission.” Jesus says that the one who does not meet the conditions has no ability or permission (“he CANNOT”) enter the kingdom. Jesus says, “You MUST” be baptized! Essential!Jesus says, “You MUST” be baptized! Essential! No stronger terms could be used. Imperative!No stronger terms could be used. Imperative! 4.Baptism is an absolute MUST. Unless means “except on the condition that.” Jesus says nothing can result if the conditions (i.e., born of water and the spirit) are not met.Unless means “except on the condition that.” Jesus says nothing can result if the conditions (i.e., born of water and the spirit) are not met. Cannot means “without ability or permission.” Jesus says that the one who does not meet the conditions has no ability or permission (“he CANNOT”) enter the kingdom.Cannot means “without ability or permission.” Jesus says that the one who does not meet the conditions has no ability or permission (“he CANNOT”) enter the kingdom. Jesus says, “You MUST” be baptized! Essential!Jesus says, “You MUST” be baptized! Essential! No stronger terms could be used. Imperative!No stronger terms could be used. Imperative! Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” cannot unlesscannot unless must

23 5.Only the baptized enter the kingdom. Jesus says there is only one way into the kingdom of God – be born again – be born of water & the Spirit – be baptized.Jesus says there is only one way into the kingdom of God – be born again – be born of water & the Spirit – be baptized. The kingdom is the church (Matt. 16:18-19).The kingdom is the church (Matt. 16:18-19). The kingdom is the house of God (Isa. 2:2-3; Dan. 2:44). God’s house is the church (1 Tim. 3:15).The kingdom is the house of God (Isa. 2:2-3; Dan. 2:44). God’s house is the church (1 Tim. 3:15). Only the kingdom/the church/the body is saved by Christ (Eph. 5:23).Only the kingdom/the church/the body is saved by Christ (Eph. 5:23). A spiritual transformation through a spiritual birth.A spiritual transformation through a spiritual birth. 5.Only the baptized enter the kingdom. Jesus says there is only one way into the kingdom of God – be born again – be born of water & the Spirit – be baptized.Jesus says there is only one way into the kingdom of God – be born again – be born of water & the Spirit – be baptized. The kingdom is the church (Matt. 16:18-19).The kingdom is the church (Matt. 16:18-19). The kingdom is the house of God (Isa. 2:2-3; Dan. 2:44). God’s house is the church (1 Tim. 3:15).The kingdom is the house of God (Isa. 2:2-3; Dan. 2:44). God’s house is the church (1 Tim. 3:15). Only the kingdom/the church/the body is saved by Christ (Eph. 5:23).Only the kingdom/the church/the body is saved by Christ (Eph. 5:23). A spiritual transformation through a spiritual birth.A spiritual transformation through a spiritual birth. Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” see the kingdom enter the kingdom

24 6.Baptism begins a new life as God’s child. When one is born physically, he/she is auto- matically a child of the ones who gave him life.When one is born physically, he/she is auto- matically a child of the ones who gave him life. When one is born again (spiritually), he/she is automatically a child of God, the One who gave him new life (cf. Rom. 6:3-4; Gal. 3:27).When one is born again (spiritually), he/she is automatically a child of God, the One who gave him new life (cf. Rom. 6:3-4; Gal. 3:27). “As newborn babes…” (1 Pet. 2:2); “new creation…all things…new” (2 Cor. 5:17).“As newborn babes…” (1 Pet. 2:2); “new creation…all things…new” (2 Cor. 5:17). “The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God” (Rom. 8:16).“The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God” (Rom. 8:16). 6.Baptism begins a new life as God’s child. When one is born physically, he/she is auto- matically a child of the ones who gave him life.When one is born physically, he/she is auto- matically a child of the ones who gave him life. When one is born again (spiritually), he/she is automatically a child of God, the One who gave him new life (cf. Rom. 6:3-4; Gal. 3:27).When one is born again (spiritually), he/she is automatically a child of God, the One who gave him new life (cf. Rom. 6:3-4; Gal. 3:27). “As newborn babes…” (1 Pet. 2:2); “new creation…all things…new” (2 Cor. 5:17).“As newborn babes…” (1 Pet. 2:2); “new creation…all things…new” (2 Cor. 5:17). “The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God” (Rom. 8:16).“The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God” (Rom. 8:16). Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born

25 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. Entrance laws are the same:Entrance laws are the same: -To get into the kingdom – born of water & Spirit -To get into the church – baptized (Ac. 2:41, 47) -To get into the body – baptized (1 Cor. 12:13) -The kingdom is the church (Matt. 16:18-19), which is His body (Eph. 1:22-23). -The Bible is consistent on the laws of entrance into His kingdom! 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. Entrance laws are the same:Entrance laws are the same: -To get into the kingdom – born of water & Spirit -To get into the church – baptized (Ac. 2:41, 47) -To get into the body – baptized (1 Cor. 12:13) -The kingdom is the church (Matt. 16:18-19), which is His body (Eph. 1:22-23). -The Bible is consistent on the laws of entrance into His kingdom! Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born of water enter the kingdom the Spirit

26 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. Blessings & promises are the same:Blessings & promises are the same: -Baptism – enter the kingdom (John 3:5) -Baptism – adds to the church (Acts 2:41, 47) -Baptism – into the body (1 Cor. 12:13) -Baptism – saves from sins (Mark 16:16; 1 Pet. 3:21) -Baptism – washes away sin (Ac. 22:16) -Baptism – into Christ (Rom. 6:3; Gal. 3:27) -Baptism – new life/relationship with God (Rom. 6:4) 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. Blessings & promises are the same:Blessings & promises are the same: -Baptism – enter the kingdom (John 3:5) -Baptism – adds to the church (Acts 2:41, 47) -Baptism – into the body (1 Cor. 12:13) -Baptism – saves from sins (Mark 16:16; 1 Pet. 3:21) -Baptism – washes away sin (Ac. 22:16) -Baptism – into Christ (Rom. 6:3; Gal. 3:27) -Baptism – new life/relationship with God (Rom. 6:4) Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” enter the kingdom

27 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. “Water” and baptism are used the same:“Water” and baptism are used the same: -“Born of water” (John 3:5) -“Cleanse with the washing of water” (Eph. 5:26) -“…our bodies washed with pure water” (Hb. 10:22) -“Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized…” (Acts 10:47) -“See, here is water. What hinders me from being baptized?” (Acts 8:36) 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. “Water” and baptism are used the same:“Water” and baptism are used the same: -“Born of water” (John 3:5) -“Cleanse with the washing of water” (Eph. 5:26) -“…our bodies washed with pure water” (Hb. 10:22) -“Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized…” (Acts 10:47) -“See, here is water. What hinders me from being baptized?” (Acts 8:36) Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born of water

28 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. “Water” and washing are used the same:“Water” and washing are used the same: -“Born of water” (John 3:5) -“Sanctity and cleanse her with the washing of water” (Eph. 5:26) -“…bodies washed with pure water” (Hb. 10:22) -“…saved us, through the washing of regeneration” (Titus 3:5) -“But you were washed…sanctified…” (1 Cor. 6:11) -“..be baptized & wash away your sins” (Ac. 22:16) 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. “Water” and washing are used the same:“Water” and washing are used the same: -“Born of water” (John 3:5) -“Sanctity and cleanse her with the washing of water” (Eph. 5:26) -“…bodies washed with pure water” (Hb. 10:22) -“…saved us, through the washing of regeneration” (Titus 3:5) -“But you were washed…sanctified…” (1 Cor. 6:11) -“..be baptized & wash away your sins” (Ac. 22:16) Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born of water

29 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. “Born again” & water/washing connected“Born again” & water/washing connected -“Born again”; “Born of water” (John 3:5) -“ according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration” (Titus 3:5) -“Regeneration” means “rebirth, new birth” -Born of water = washing of regeneration 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. “Born again” & water/washing connected“Born again” & water/washing connected -“Born again”; “Born of water” (John 3:5) -“ according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration” (Titus 3:5) -“Regeneration” means “rebirth, new birth” -Born of water = washing of regeneration Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born of water born again

30 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. Work of the Spirit is the same:Work of the Spirit is the same: -“born of…the Spirit” (John 3:5) -“by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body” (1 Cor. 12:13) -“…He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5) -“…sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word” (Eph. 5:26; cf. John 17:17) 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. Work of the Spirit is the same:Work of the Spirit is the same: -“born of…the Spirit” (John 3:5) -“by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body” (1 Cor. 12:13) -“…He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5) -“…sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word” (Eph. 5:26; cf. John 17:17) Notice the place of baptism in John 3 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 …unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ 5 …unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 7 … ‘You must be born again.’” born of the Spirit

31 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 John 3:5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” John 3:5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” 1 Cor. 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free—and have all been made to drink into one Spirit. 1 Cor. 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free—and have all been made to drink into one Spirit. Eph. 5:26 that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word, Eph. 5:26 that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word, Titus 3:5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, Titus 3:5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, John 3:5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” John 3:5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” 1 Cor. 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free—and have all been made to drink into one Spirit. 1 Cor. 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free—and have all been made to drink into one Spirit. Eph. 5:26 that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word, Eph. 5:26 that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word, Titus 3:5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, Titus 3:5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit,

32 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 John 3:5 The Spirit Water Enter the kingdom of God 1 Cor. 12:13 One Spirit Baptized Into one body Eph. 5:26 The Word Washing of water Cleanse Titus 3:5 Holy Spirit Washing of regeneration Saved

33 Notice the place of baptism in John 3 1.Born again = born of water & Spirit. 2.Born again = water baptism. 3.Born again = born of the Spirit. 4.Baptism is an absolute MUST. 5.Only the baptized enter the kingdom. 6.Baptism begins a new life as God’s child. 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation. 1.Born again = born of water & Spirit. 2.Born again = water baptism. 3.Born again = born of the Spirit. 4.Baptism is an absolute MUST. 5.Only the baptized enter the kingdom. 6.Baptism begins a new life as God’s child. 7.The N.T. confirms born again includes baptism as essential for salvation.

34 John 3:5 Baptism 1 Peter 3:21 Sons of God, in Christ Put on Christ Baptized Gal. 3:26-27 Get into Christ & blood New life, free from sin Buried in baptism Rom. 6:3-4, 17 Wash away sins Be baptized Acts 22:16 Remission of sins Repent Be baptized Acts 2:38 Saved from sins Believe Be baptized Mark 16:15-16 Christian New rela. w/ God Be baptized Matt. 28:18-20 Saved Good conscience Be born again Enter kingdom Born of water & spirit = baptism


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