Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Victorian Age Prisons Prisons in the 19 th Century London

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Victorian Age Prisons Prisons in the 19 th Century London"— Presentation transcript:

1 Victorian Age Prisons Prisons in the 19 th Century London

2 Why Victorian Prisons? Victorian Prisons were built for a variety of reasons Crimes Increased from 5,000 crimes per year in 1800 to 20,000 in 1840 Lowering the execution rates Lowering the amount of people sent to Australia and the New World

3 The Prison Reformation Prisons Underwent Change in the Victorian Age Before Unorganized Only for prisoners awaiting trials Badly kept Unsafe Uncared for After Organized Fully kept Large safety measures More convicted prisoners Looked after Large staff (guards, cooks)

4 Prison Blueprints H.M. Prison Grey is the old buildings Pink is the new buildings Hospital Flour Mill Eating House Laundry Bakery Kitchen Court Yard Laundry Exercise Yards Carpenter Shop Paper Shop

5 Safety Measures Walls Cells Guards Chains Occupying – Hard Labor – Long Dull work – Forced Silence Exercising – Releases stress – Releases energy Methods that are still used today were common for Victorian Prisons

6 Crime and Punishment Children Women Men Reformation Schools Women’s Prison Prison The people who were sent to prison changed in the 19 th century. Before it was merely people awaiting trial but then it began taking in sentenced prisoners. The crimes committed ranged from petty theft to more sever felonies. Before the changes were made prison was disorderly

7 Daily Life in Prisons Prisoners had strict schedules – Set wake up – Set meals Times and foods decided by prison No alcohol – Set work Labor, specifically hard-labor – Set exercise – Set religious activities Required mass services – Set family/friend visits

8 Prisons in Great Expectations Newgate Prison “It was visiting time when Wemmick took me in; and a potman was going his rounds with beer; and the prisoners, behind bars in the yards, were buying beer, and talking to friends; and a frouzy, ugly, disorderly, depressing scene it was.” (Dickens,p.257) Showing the prisons before the Prison reformation Pip’s views of the Prison Bad state Alcohol Allowed Unorganized

9 Bibliography Ansay, Serra. "The Cornhill, Great Expectations, and The Convict System in Nineteenth-Century England." The Victorian Web: An Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr Griffiths, Arthur. "Victorian London - Prisons and Penal System - Prisons - Wormwood Scrubs Prison." Dictionary of Victorian London - Victorian History - 19th Century London - Social History. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr "Victorian Children in trouble with the law | The National Archives." The National Archives. The National Archives, n.d. Web. 14 Apr "Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN." Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN. E2BN, n.d. Web. 14 Apr "Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN." Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN. E2BN, n.d. Web. 18 Apr


Download ppt "Victorian Age Prisons Prisons in the 19 th Century London"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google