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Closing the Recycling Loop in University Halls of Residence Victoria Hands Environmental & Sustainability Coordinator, London School of Economics London’s.

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Presentation on theme: "Closing the Recycling Loop in University Halls of Residence Victoria Hands Environmental & Sustainability Coordinator, London School of Economics London’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 Closing the Recycling Loop in University Halls of Residence Victoria Hands Environmental & Sustainability Coordinator, London School of Economics London’s University Halls of Residence Recycling Project Founder

2 Outline Background Why halls of residence Reuse - end of term schemes Recycling – win win win scenarios Purchasing Reuse to reduce purchasing Buy recycled to close the loop

3 Benefits for Halls of Residence Potential waste management cost savings Response to increased student demand for recycling facilities Empowering residents to be aware Reducing end of term waste peak Providing low or no cost items

4 Benefits for Universities Competitive advantage for attracting students and staff Contributing to high environmental standards Demonstrating social responsibility Backing up academic expertise with everyday practice

5 Benefits for Local Authorities Meeting government recycling targets Extending recycling provision Creating a healthier environment

6 Why Halls of Residence? High density Waste audit % recyclable Life change Contractual obligations Established communications Backing up teaching Habitual behaviour Vocal active students Role out across campus!!

7 The Waste Hierarchy REDUCE Halls can reuse & buy recycled content REUSE Halls save on waste disposal & purchasing and extend service provision RECYCLE Halls can access free or low cost recycling LAST OPTION LANDFILL

8 A Practical Approach Identification of stakeholders Background research Initial contact Interviews / questionnaires / reports Partnership building & dialogue Contact sheet & monitoring

9 Key Stakeholders Local Authorities (recycling officers) Waste management division Universities (environmental manager) Academic Operational Students union Halls of Residence (management) Cleaners Students

10 Project Origins Experiences from: Students Cleaning staff (including contractors) Hall management Universities Local Authorities Reuse charities

11 The Waste Paper, issue 68 October 2000

12 Reuse Schemes Reuse Implementation Plan –(RIP Waste) Notices Collection points Sorting and volunteers –Types of donations Liaison with charities –Hostels, reuse, London Remade Cleaning up


14 Reuse Donations 1 box of cutlery, 1 box of utensils 3 boxes of plates, 4 boxes of pans 40 black bin bags of men’s clothing 10 toasters, 11 kettles 2 computers, 8 screens 30 drying racks, 40 dish drainers 8 computer chairs


16 Reuse Scheme halls of residence – 3,748 students Estimated reuse participated rate: 10% students 6 tonnes diverted from landfill – 20 kg per student (textiles, IT equipment, furniture)

17 Textiles 2005: 650kgs from 650 students Estimated 65 participants = 10 kg of textiles per student

18 Recycling Waste audit –20% paper/card –18% compostable –14% glass –13% plastic –4% cans Start of term most effective


20 Design Challenges Micro kitchens and source separation –Same as other urban MODs –Small on floorspace –Could look good/trendy/cool –Reuse is real use!! –Standard source separation does not respond to the reality of micro living

21 Design Challenges Design of new halls of residence and greening the campus –Sustainable living –Energy, water, waste –Responsibility and empowerment Refurbishment of older halls of residence –Often without lifts

22 Action Plan 1.Recycle Facilities and collections (external & internal) 2. Reuse End of term schemes and collaborations 3. Raise Awareness Communication materials (kitchen posters, student tips leaflet) Events with users (freshers fayres) and staff training 4. Reduce Green procurement Influence student purchasing power

23 Findings IssuesFindings ResponsibilityResponsibility to take out recycling materials given to students. Results in full learning experience and responsible actions. Cleaners and all hall staff have a new learning experience to take into their non-working lives. EaseRecycling is not difficult if good infrastructure and effective awareness raising is provided. In fact, waste is easier to manage. The benefits of segregated waste include reduced odour. CostsLow or no cost because of recycling targets set for local authorities by Europe Kitchen spaceMost kitchens do have space for recycling containers. There are many designs of bins. New builds must design in recycling provision. External spaceIn many central London halls space is limited to the pavement (also used by public-difficult to assess). Wheelie bins may be an option here. ChampionsHigh rotation of students and local authority staff but continuity can be found through wardens, managers and local councillors.


25 Closing the Loop Reuse - end of term schemes Recycling – win win win scenarios Purchasing Reuse to reduce purchasing Buy recycled to close the loop National support??

26 London’s University Halls of Residence Recycling Project Victoria Hands

27 Closing the loop by procuring higher recycled content in paper and construction EAUC Annual Conference - 11 April 2006 Jim Wiltshire - Procurement Project Manager Kara Jones – WRAP Paper Advocate

28 Outline ●About WRAP ●Materials resource efficiency - why recycled ●Using procurement ●The opportunities in paper ●The opportunities in construction ● WRAP assistance

29 WRAP exists to Create stable and efficient markets for recycled materials and products, and Remove barriers to waste minimisation re-use and recycling

30 Closing the loop – why specifying recycled is so important Specifying recycled in procurement of goods, works and services CREATING ECONOMIC VALUE FOR RECOVERED MATERIALS Waste awareness and minimisation Waste segregation, home composting etc. Product development Business investment and development

31 Materials resource efficiency

32 Materials resource efficiency cycle A two thirds reduction in consumption of fossil fuels and virgin materials is needed to achieve a sustainable and globally equitable level WWF – “One planet living study” Materials with recycled content Reduce raw material use Reduce waste Materials efficiency Reduce landfill Recycling Save resources

33 What are we talking about? Waste minimisation, segregation & recycling Renewables Reclaimed materials Recycled Content Materials Resource Efficiency

34 Procurement policy drivers Scottish Executive Policy Commitment OGC-AE11 SBTG Govt. Sustainable Procurement Group ODPM-PPS1 Code for Sustainable Homes Landfill Tax (1996) Increasing thrust of sustainability policy Scottish Executive Policy Proposal Buying into Sustainable Procurement (WPI)

35 Where do we start ? - major applications to consider Construction Estates management Printed matter Tissue – catering and hygiene

36 Using procurement Identifying need Requirement specification Supplier selection Tender evaluation Contract management Key point of intervention European Commission handbook on environmental public procurement: “As a contracting authority, you have the right…to demand a minimum percentage of recycled and reused content where possible”. OGC AE11: “The (project) brief should include an outcome-based requirement for overall materials efficiency, such as a minimum requirement for recycled content in the project.”

37 Recycled content office & publication papers for your organisation Why? 11 th Apr-06

38 To cover: Paper waste context Why? environmental Why? CSR / marketing Why? quality and cost Product range How the Advocate Team can help

39 Paper waste in context UK > 100,000,000T commercial, industrial & municipal waste per year. UK consumes approx 12,800,000T paper & board We recycle approx 7,000,000Tpa of paper & board But…….. More than 5,000,000Tpa still goes into landfill Landfill over 1,500,000T of paper from offices per year Less than 4% of office / marketing / business papers have any recycled content

40 Landfill / incinerate or recycle ? Landfill sites are filling up Landfilled paper produces methane and leakage contributes to global warming Waste incineration not optimum and a long planning cycle Landfill or incineration is a waste of a valuable resource Most LCA’s show recycling is best We can recycle - economically Now a legal requirement to reduce landfill = Recycle

41 Your customers are aware.. National and EU push to increased recycling Increased recycling and promotion: –Rolling out more kerbside collection –National advertising –Local advertising Government announcements on environmental issues and sustainability Increasing central and local government sustainable procurement Constant press coverage on all things environmental

42 In the media…



45 Why buy recycled content paper? Recycling = “collection” + “buy-recycled” Your impact

46 …is about avoiding…. landfill The prime “buy-recycled” argument is not about…. saving trees

47 Why? Environmental Landfill, methane production… also: Recycled paper also typically: –uses less energy in production –creates less VOC’s, –uses less transport miles –has a significantly smaller “environmental footprint” –reduces pressure on forest resources

48 Why?.... CSR / marketing Your customers: Your “customers” are increasingly being asked to recycle 50% of the population describe themselves as “committed recyclers” (source NOP tracking survey Mar 2005) Recycled / recycling is seen as “good”. Opportunity to be associated with a positive feelings such as: –caring –future looking –ethical –doing your bit… Universities, and other higher education authorities, are seen as exemplars, providing education, values and the future for the next generation

49 Why?.... CSR / marketing Stakeholders / Investors Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) a necessity for high profile organisations Purchasing recycled materials is a positive action. >50% of your staff are committed recyclers, positive reinforcement of your organisational values Supporting government commitment to sustainable procurement Recycled content paper is: –a “quick” win –A demonstration you are doing something

50 So what is available? Paper for printed publications Magazine papers Envelopes Copier / printer paper Tissue papers Boxes ………..

51 Why? quality and cost You do not need to compromise “quality” by procuring recycled content papers –full colour publication papers –office papers Technical developments have significantly improved the performance and cost of recycled papers –brands are readily available which match the performance of virgin papers. –need not pay more You can have a “traditional recycled look” if you want

52 It doesn’t have to be 100% recycled Suggested minimum specification for recycled content. Copier / Office paper 70% Printing Papers 50% (for marketing and publications) Tissue 100% What is recycled content? Post & pre-consumer waste. Not mill broke

53 How WRAP can help you Advocacy team one2one support –Advice on product availability –On effective specification and policy for recycled content –Technical advice –Facilitate trial material. –Free –Provided by a team experienced in paper and print Procurement guides: –Recycled content Office and publication papers –Recycled content Tissue papers –Recycled content Business process papers Case studies Technical information sheets ……

54 Summary Recycled paper: –Same quality –Need not cost more –Reduces landfill –Supports your CSR and marketing Recycling = “collection” + “buy-recycled”

55 You could say…. …. using recycled paper is a no brainer!

56 The case for recycled in construction

57 Overall material consumption by construction industry (~420 Mt per year) M tonnes Quantity of construction and demolition waste generated (~90 Mt per year) Waste construction materials that are recycled (~45 Mt per year) Materials efficiency in construction

58 Headline Construction Figures One of the UK’s most productive sectors, contributing almost 9% to the GDP 50% UK energy consumption associated with buildings – construction & use 90% non-energy minerals extracted used in construction - <1% new buildings uses reclaimed materials Biggest consumer of material resources: 420 million tonnes/year

59 KEY SUSTAINABILITY GOALS EnergyMaterialsWater Material & Product selection Material use & waste management Waste avoidance and minimisation Collection segregation & recycling Return packaging & reduce over-ordering Specifying materials with low env impact Use of renewable materials Use products with high recycled content Using locally sourced CDW Efficient use of finite natural materials Minimising environmental damage

60 Mainstream, not green Many mainstream products already include recycled content A range of products offer above-average recycled content at no extra cost The potential for diversion from landfill is substantial Recycled content Mainstream brands Eco-brands 0%

61 Quick Wins Where will we find Quick Wins that are.. cost-effective with comparable performance and readily available? Many examples in Concrete blocks Asphalt Paving slabs Bricks Flooring Various aggregate products Ceiling tiles Chipboard Plasterboard Insulation Roof tiles

62 Examples of mainstream products available Project specific example Product type Option with lower recycled content Option with higher recycled content Dense block0%Hanson Conbloc - Up to 70% Wall insulation0%Superglass Superwall Cavity Slab > 80% Concrete roof tile0%Lafarge – various, e.g. Grovebury - 17% Ceiling tiles>10%Armstrong – various – 28 to 52% Intermediate floors, e.g. timber 50-70%Sonae – Sonaefloor – 90 to 95% Floor coverings – safety 0%BSW Regupol Everroll rubber flooring - 80%

63 Using your procurement strategy to drive resource efficiency Sustainable Buildings Task Group:  Specify 10% or higher minimum requirement for recycled content as a proportion of the value of materials for the whole project  You can also encourage higher performance e.g. through tender evaluation criteria

64 What is being achieved without asking for good practice? Type of projectBaseline/ actual practice % Cost neutral good practice % Detached/terraced house Commercial office10* *-30 School, hospital12* *-27 Road reconstruction Bridge reconstruction * Excluding building services

65 Housing example Standard/actual practice Good practice (cost-neutral) Timber-framed house, Hillcrest HA 7%15% Timber-framed house, Milnbank HA 12%21% Brick/block house, Taylor Woodrow 16%20% – 28%

66 Steel framed housing example Standard practice20 – 23% As built specification % Good practice26 – 29% Best practice30 – 31% Product typeBase case Quick Win Insulation – Roof0%80% General fill0% % Insulation wool – external walls 50%70% facing Brick5%11 – 20%

67 Evidence base - DfES Exemplar designs for schools Design S2 - Suburban edge of town setting Design S5 - Inner city sites City Academy, Brent – Recently completed Design S2Design S5City Academy, Brent Build cost of school £M Approx value of materials £M % recycled content – Standard practice15.5%17.3%12.9% % recycled content – Product substitution18.1%21.2%15.6% Tonnage avoiding landfill – Standard practice Tonnage avoiding landfill – Product substitution

68 Case study – Glasgow school Best opportunities to increase recycled content Drainage below ground Plasterboard dry lining, partitions, ceiling (inside) Mixing, casting, curing in-situ concrete General fixtures, furnishings and equipment, flooring (inside) Asphalt Excavating and filling Interlocking brick, block roads, paving WhereGlasgow When2004 BuildingCamstradden Primary School Total construction works value £3.4m Total materials value £2m

69 Top Quick Wins Drainage belowground Plasterboard dry lining/partitions/ceilings Interlocking brick/Block roads/Pavings Excavating and filling Mixing/Casting/Curing in Situ concrete Rubber/Plastics/Lino/Carpet tiling Coated macadam/Asphalt roads/Pavings Recycled Content Value £ Actual (£) Readily achievable (£) Quick Wins

70 Who is taking action? Bristol City Council Whipps Cross Hospital Lancashire County Council Building Schools for the Future (BSF) Raploch URC Adopted minimum 10% value requirement Glasgow City Council Aberdeen City Council Dundee City Council Newcastle City Council Solihull MBC Sheffield CC

71 Who is taking action? Increasing the use of recycled content BAA British Land Ely Bridge Worcestershire CC Yorkshire Forward Major supermarkets Major housebuilders - Redrow Glamorgan Gwent HA

72 How WRAP can help

73 WRAP assistance RC Toolkit Case studies Procurement advice Site waste management Demolition guidance Web resources  AggRegain, tools, research reports Trailblazer projects Events

74 Toolkit – data requirements

75 Material Resource Efficiency in Construction

76 Quick Win & Procurement guidance documents Housing Quick Wins Preliminary works General building Office & commercial refurbishment Highways maintenance Councillor briefing documents Publications & guidance

77 Construction procurement template wording:  Design/project brief  Appointment of design team  Supplier pre-qualification and audit  Tender specification (D&B, traditional)  Contract clauses Construction product listing Resources for procurement

78 For further information Thank you!

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