Sensory vs. Behavior All sensory process have a behavior/emotional component BUT Not all behavior has a sensory component All behavior is communicating a need
Effects of Sensory Integration Difficulties Motor Skills Attention
An Analogy The link between brain and behavior Brain: Hungry – Just Right – Stuffed Full - Behavior: Seek more Sensory input Play, Work, Learn Avoid Displaying Negative Behaviors to express overload
Hungry Stuffed Full Under Responsive Over Responsive Poor Registration Sensory Seeking Sensitivity to StimuliSensory Avoiding
The Hungry child Needs a lot of sensory information May over-respond to sensory information –Sensory seeking –Over-active –Flighty attention –Passive –“Day dreamy” –Miss important instructions
The Stuffed Full child Does not need a lot of sensory information May over-respond to sensory information –Sensory Avoiding –Doesn’t like clutter –May like clear spaces –Doesn’t like crowds –Be very controlled/controlling –Doesn’t like noises –Be very picky
Does SI affect Learning? Yes ….because learning requires The child’s behavior and alertness to be in an optimal state to maintain attention to tasks. The child’s motor skills to be in an optimal state to perform and learn new tasks successfully.
Does SI affect Behavior? YES… When sensory input is confusing or upsetting, the child may actively avoid the situation, become upset or have an emotional outburst. When the child does not register enough stimulation he may seek it out by constantly moving, chewing, humming, or flapping or he or she may seem tired, uninterested and passive. He may rummage cupboards seeming to be in search of food even when full.
Sensory Modulation How the child responds to sensory information Alerting Calming
Bed Time Alerting –Exercise/Games –Vibrating toothbrush –Cold Drink –Music –Scented candles Calming –Weighted blankets –Tight clothing –Heated Room –Calming songs –Read story without pictures –Bath
Understanding the sensory needs of my child at home Group Detectives: What sensory tools can I use at home with my children? When can my child access these? How/when can I recognise when my child needs a sensory snack? How can we fit this into our daily family life?
Some useful books The Out of Sync Child Has Fun: Carol Stock Krankowitz Parenting a Child with Sensory Processing Disorder: Christopher Auer and Susan Blumberg Raising a Sensory Smart Child: Lindsey Beil, Nancy Peske Building Bridges through Sensory Integration: Ellen Yack, Paula Aquilla, Shirley Sutton Too Loud, Too Bright, Too Fast, Too Tight: What to do if you are defensive in an overstimulation world: Elaine Wilson and Helen Edwards
Some Useful Websites Sensory Integration Network Sensory Integration International Sensory Smart Sensory Integrative Dysfunction in Young Children