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International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 1 Measuring Effectiveness in Marine Protected Areas Supported by: The David and Lucille Packard Foundation.

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Presentation on theme: "International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 1 Measuring Effectiveness in Marine Protected Areas Supported by: The David and Lucille Packard Foundation."— Presentation transcript:

1 International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 1 Measuring Effectiveness in Marine Protected Areas Supported by: The David and Lucille Packard Foundation World Commission on Protected Areas -Marine (WCPA-Marine) World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) NOAA-National Ocean Service (NOS) NOS International Program Office NOAA

2 International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 2 What is the Status of MPAs? 1,300 marine protected areas cover a small fraction of the seas 30% had enough data to evaluate effectiveness 9% thought they were achieving management objectives Of 332 MPAs in Southeast Asia 14% are effectively managed 48% have partially effective management 38% have inadequate management

3 International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 3 Why Assess Management Effectiveness? Adaptive ManagementAdaptive Management Project Planning and Priority SettingProject Planning and Priority Setting AccountabilityAccountability “The effectiveness of management of protected areas has emerged as an issue over the past decade as people became increasingly aware that protected areas can only provide their benefits to society and contribution to the conservation effort if they are appropriately managed”

4 WCPA Management Effectiveness Framework Source: Marc Hockings, Sue Stolton, Nigel Dudley -- IUCN 2000

5 International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 5 WCPA-Marine/WWF MPA-MEI WCPA-Marine/WWF MPA-MEI Goal Improve the management of MPAs by providing managers, planners and other decision-makers with methods for assessing the effectiveness of MPA sites Objectives Develop MPA-specific indicators and a guidebook for MPA managers Field-test and refine indicators and guidebook based on pilot projects Increase awareness and use of monitoring and evaluation in MPAs

6 MPA Effectiveness Indicators Mostly outcome indicators Based on existing work Developed with experts BiophysicalSocioeconomic Governance

7 International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 7 Working Draft Guidebook To assist managers and other conservation practitioners to evaluate & adaptively improve the effectiveness of MPA implementation and management

8 International MPA Management Effectiveness Initiative 8 Location of Pilot Sites 1) Banc D’Arguin National Park 2) Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve 3) Bunaken National Park & Pulau Sebesi Marine Reserve 4) Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary 5) Far East Marine Preserve 6) Galapagos Islands Marine Reserve 7) Hol Chan Marine Reserve 8) Lenger Island Marine Protected Area 9) Loreto Bay National Park 10) Mafia Island Marine Park 11) Managaha Conservation Area & Sasanhaya Fish Reserve 12) Miramare Marine Protected Area 13) Ngemai Conservation Area & Ulong Channel Grouper Spawning Area 14) Piti Bomb Hole Preserve & Achang Reef Flat Preserve 15) Sian Ka’an Coastal Biosphere Reserve 16) Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park 17) Upper Gulf Biosphere Reserve


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