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Charismata & the Church 4-Hour Seminar by Yee Tham Wan Glad Tidings Assembly, Klang 4 & 11 July, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Charismata & the Church 4-Hour Seminar by Yee Tham Wan Glad Tidings Assembly, Klang 4 & 11 July, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Charismata & the Church 4-Hour Seminar by Yee Tham Wan Glad Tidings Assembly, Klang 4 & 11 July, 2008

2 Intensity in Studies Sermon Fellowship/ Sunday School Interactive Classroom The education program of the Church needs to include all of these in balance. Low CommitmentHigh Commitment Low ExpectationsHigh Expectations DevotionalFoundational Encouragement for the weekTheology for a lifetime Short-term life changeLong-term life change ExhortationEducation

3 4 Areas of Theological Curriculum BIBLE – Biblical TheologyBIBLE – Biblical Theology HISTORY – Historical TheologyHISTORY – Historical Theology THEOLOGY – Systematic TheologyTHEOLOGY – Systematic Theology PRAXIS (PRACTICE) – Parctical TheolgyPRAXIS (PRACTICE) – Parctical Theolgy Pentecostals put a lot of premium on the BIBLE and PRAXIS.

4 Pentecostal Theological “Leap” HistoryTheology BiblePraxis

5 “Book-ends” Model – The Pentecostals’ Leap of Faith EARLY CHURCH 20 th /21 st C. CHURCH BIBLEPRAXIS

6 RESULT OF THE “LEAP” The Bible becomes “immediate” and therefore we are very confident of replicating today what is described in the Bible We ignore the historical and cultural distances between us and the Bible We do not appreciate the struggles, failures and achievements of the Church in history We are easily impressed with “new” theologies (although many of these are not really “new”)

7 Spiritual Enduement in the NT Old Testament observations: Demonstrative... External... “Outside-in”... Uncommon... Special Individuals... Transferable... What are some NT observations? Transformative... Internal... “Inside-out”... Common... “All flesh”... Direct Access... Evangelicals often focus only on New Testament but Pentecostals include both Old and New Testaments.

8 GIFT LISTS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT Rom 12:6-8 1Cor 12:8-10 1Cor 12:28-30 Eph 4:11 (1Pet 4:10-11??)

9 “Distinguish between spiritual gifts and natural talents whenever possible. Every human being has some natural talent or other. This should not be confused with spiritual gifts. Christians have spiritual gifts: pagans do not. When a person is born again and becomes a member of the Body of Christ, God gives him or her a spiritual gift or gifts for which he or she will be responsible. In doing this, God may use a natural talent as raw material. If a person is an excellent teacher before conversion, for example, it is highly possible that God will give that person the gift of teaching. It also is possible that He won’t. We should not fall into the error of considering all spiritual gifts as just souped-up talents. The gift of prophecy may be a good example of a spiritual gift which would have no natural talent as a predecessor.” Spiritual Gifts and Natural Talents

10 Wagner’s List Prophecy (Rom 12:6) Service (Rom 12:7) Exhortation (Rom 12:8) Giving (Rom 12:8) Leadership (Rom 12:8) Mercy (Rom 12:8) Wisdom (1Cor 12:8) Knowledge (1Cor 12:8) Faith (1Cor 12:9) Healing (1Cor 12:9) Miracles (1Cor 12:10) Discerning of spirits (1Cor 12:10) Tongues (1Cor 12:28)

11 Thompson’s List of Charismata Apostles Prophets Pastors/Teachers Evangelists Service Distributing, Showing Mercy Giving Leadership The Gift of Exhortation The Word of Wisdom The Word of Knowledge Powers (Faith?) Gifts of Healing Glossolalia Interpretation of Tongues Distinguishing of Spirits

12 Grossman’s List of Charismata PROPHECY EXHORTATION SERVICE GIVING MERCY HEALING MIRACLE- WORKING WORD OF WISDOM WORD OF KNOWLEDGE TEACHING LEADERSHIP FAITH DISCERNING OF SPIRITS SPEAKING IN TONGUES INTERPRETATION SONG REVELATION MARTYRDOM MARRIAGE AND CELIBACY

13 Brandt’s Gift Lists Gifts of Ministry Other Ministry Gifts Gifts of the Spirit (for leaders) (for Christians) (supernatural) Apostles Ministering (Prophecy?) Word of Wisdom ProphetsTeaching Word of Knowledge EvangelistsExhortingFaith TeachersGiving Gifts of Healing PastorsRuling Working of Miracles Showing Mercy Prophecy Helps Discerning of Spirits Gift of Tongues Interpretation of Tongues

14 Common Classification of the Nine Spiritual Gifts of 1Cor 12 Revelation Gifts Communication Gifts Demonstration Gifts Word of Wisdom ProphecyFaith Word of Knowledge TonguesHealing Discernment of Spirits Interpretation of Tongues Works of Miracles Do you agree with this classification? How would you classify spiritual gifts?

15 Lim’s Classification (p. 65)GIFTTYPEREFERENCE WisdomKnowledgeTEACHING 1Cor 14:6-12 FaithHealingMiraclesProphecy Discerning of Spirits MINISTRY TO CHURCH AND WORLD 1Cor 14:26-40 TonguesInterpretationWORSHIP 1Cor 14:13-19

16 Schwarz’s 3-Colors Gift Lists Artistic Creativity Artistic Creativity Craftsmanship Craftsmanship Giving Giving Hospitality Hospitality Knowledge Knowledge Mercy Mercy Music Music Organization Organization Voluntary Poverty Voluntary Poverty Wisdom Wisdom Apostle Apostle Counseling Counseling Evangelism Evangelism Helps Helps Leadership Leadership Missionary Missionary Service Service Shepherding Shepherding Singleness Singleness Teaching Teaching Deliverance Deliverance Discernment Discernment Faith Faith Healing Healing Interpretation Interpretation Miracles Miracles Prayer Prayer Prophecy Prophecy Suffering Suffering Tongues Tongues

17 Schwarz’s Trinitarian Approach TRINITY DIVINE WORKS LIFE CONVERSIONS AUTHORITIES TENDENCIES DANGERS SYMBOLS Father, Creator, Body, World, Science, Liberal, Syncretism, Rainbow Spirit, Pentecost, Spirit, Church, Experience, Charismatic, Spiritualism, Dove Son, Calvary, Soul, Christ, Scripture, Evangelical, Dogmatism, Cross

18 A Trinitarian Model of Ministry 1Cor. 12:4-6 Key Words: “Different” “Same” There are different kinds of working but the same God. There are different kinds of service but the same Lord. There are different kinds of gifts but the same Spirit. From this model, we will build an understanding of ourselves as ministers.

19 SONFATHER HOLY SPIRIT THE TRINITY AND SPIRITUAL GIFTS: A Simplistic Pentecostal Model. “MEDIATOR” (apportions) “GIVER” (creator/source) “GIFT” & “GIFTS” (empowers) “HUMAN VESSELS” (stewards) “ALL FLESH”

20 Dualism, Monism, Holism: A Simplistic Diagrammatic Representation DUALISM: Separated Categories. “Either/Or” Greek/Western “Neglected Middle” MONISM: Confused Categories. “Neither/Nor” Eastern Mysticism “Finding the Balance” HOLISM: Separated but Together. “Both/And” Biblical Holism “Holding the Tension”

21 Incarnational Model: “Tension” instead of “Balance” HumanDivine NOT “Either/Or” BUT “Both/And” Balance is often a weak compromise... neither here nor there. It often comes about when we demand for a “resolution” even when our human minds cannot find one.

22 Similar to the “Static” and “Dynamic” Poles

23 Schwarz’s Bipolar Ecclesiology Dynamic Pole Faith Fellowship Service Static Pole Doctrine Sacraments Office Organic Grow Freedom “Biotic automism” Technical Build Order Human-made produces stimulates

24 HOW TO IDENTIFY SPIRITUAL GIFTS Open your heart to God in prayer Open your heart to God in prayer Be ready to apply your gifts Be ready to apply your gifts Get informed Get informed Begin with what you enjoy Begin with what you enjoy Experiment as much as possible Experiment as much as possible Verify your effectiveness Verify your effectiveness Seek the opinion of others Seek the opinion of others

25 What is Your Gift? Online Gifts Tests on the Internet ration.php ration.php ration.php ration.php IMPORTANT: These tests are, at best, only indicative.

26 Stewardship: Relationship between charisma and ministry For Paul, the relationship between charisma and ministry was always integral. Charisma without ministry denies the purpose of charismatic endowment and ignores its grace character. Ministry without charisma denies the dynamic which makes ministry effective and ignores its gift character. Schatzmann, Pauline Theology, 90 Which comes first? Charisma or ministry?

27 Stewardship: Relationship between charisma and office If we press the issue further, we can find ourselves looking at a static “office paradigm” and a dynamic “ministry paradigm.” CHARISMATIC OFFICE CHARISMATIC MINISTRY POSITIONFUNCTION STATICDYNAMIC SPIRIT DOMESTICATED SPIRIT DEMOCRATIZED CAPACITYCAPABILITY

28 “HUMAN VESSELS”: NATURAL- SUPERNATURAL CONTINUUM To SEPARATE the natural and supernatural is dualistic To SEPARATE the natural and supernatural is dualistic The issue of the “excluded middle” in the Enlightenment worldview The issue of the “excluded middle” in the Enlightenment worldview “Spirit of God” does NOT mean the invisible part of God “Spirit of God” does NOT mean the invisible part of God The Incarnation is NOT the only divine intervention in human history The Incarnation is NOT the only divine intervention in human history Pentecostals really subscribe to a holistic worldview Pentecostals really subscribe to a holistic worldview We can refer to a continuum rather than a separation We can refer to a continuum rather than a separation

29 Word Study: “Anointing” Greek: Christos; Hebrew: Meshech Greek: Christos; Hebrew: Meshech Gives us the Anglicized words, “Christ” and “Messiah” Gives us the Anglicized words, “Christ” and “Messiah” NT test of orthodoxy: “Jesus is the Christ” (Acts 2:36, 3:20, 5:42, 9:22, 1Cor 12:3, 1Jn 4:1-3) NT test of orthodoxy: “Jesus is the Christ” (Acts 2:36, 3:20, 5:42, 9:22, 1Cor 12:3, 1Jn 4:1-3) Israel’s leaderships (priests, kings, prophets) were “anointed” Israel’s leaderships (priests, kings, prophets) were “anointed” In tracing the development of Israel’s leadership, we can see the development of the Messianic Persona; with the gradual investment of the entire leadership structure on ONE anointed (Acts 4:25-26) In tracing the development of Israel’s leadership, we can see the development of the Messianic Persona; with the gradual investment of the entire leadership structure on ONE anointed (Acts 4:25-26) Even the use of the word, “anointing” among Pentecostal and Charismatic circles suggests a Christocentric pneumatology Even the use of the word, “anointing” among Pentecostal and Charismatic circles suggests a Christocentric pneumatology Therefore, Pentecostal/Charismatic theology of the charismata is still strongly Christocentric. Therefore, Pentecostal/Charismatic theology of the charismata is still strongly Christocentric.

30 PRACTISE OF THE GIFTS The Grace Principle The Grace Principle –Gifts are not a badge of spiritual maturity (1Cor 12:4) The Edification Principle The Edification Principle –Gifts are given so that we may edify others (1cor 12:7) The Participation Principle The Participation Principle –Everyone has something to contribute (1Cor 12:11)

31 1Thessalonians 5:19-22 Correct order to handle “manifestations”: 1. Do not put out the Spirit’s fire 2. Do not treat prophecies with contempt 3. Test everything 4. Hold on to the good 5. Avoid every kind of evil

32 TESTING THE SPIRITS The test of kerygmatic tradition (1Cor 12) The test of kerygmatic tradition (1Cor 12) The test of love (1Cor 13) The test of love (1Cor 13) The test of building up (1Cor 14) The test of building up (1Cor 14) “Standards of Assessment of Charismatic Community”

33 TESTING THE SPIRITS (1Jn 4:1-3) The Doctrinal Test (1Jn 4:2-3) The Doctrinal Test (1Jn 4:2-3) The Ethical Test (Gal 5:22-23) The Ethical Test (Gal 5:22-23) The Freedom Test (Jn 8:36; Gal 5:1; 2Cor 3:17) The Freedom Test (Jn 8:36; Gal 5:1; 2Cor 3:17) The Normative Revelation Test (Gal 1:8) The Normative Revelation Test (Gal 1:8) The Unity Test (Eph 4:3; Rom 16:17) The Unity Test (Eph 4:3; Rom 16:17)

34 Great Commission & the Holy Spirit Matthew 28:16-20 Matthew 28:16-20 Mark 16:9-20 Mark 16:9-20 Luke 24:37-53 Luke 24:37-53 John 20:19-23 John 20:19-23 Acts 1:8 Acts 1:8 The Holy Spirit has a prominent role in the Great Commission.

35 From the anointed ministry of Jesus to the anointed ministry of the Church... Ministry of Ascension Ministry of Ascension Ministry as the “Body of Christ” Ministry as the “Body of Christ” Ministry of “Greater works” Ministry of “Greater works” Ministry of the Spirit Ministry of the Spirit


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