Presentation on theme: "But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son,"— Presentation transcript:
1But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, Made [born, John 1:14] of a woman,made under the law,To redeem [purchase] them that were under the law,that we might receive the adoption of sons.And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying,Abba, Father.Wherefore thou art no more a servant [doulos], but a son;and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
2What are We Celebrating at Christmas? Galatians 4:4-7
4But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, Galatians 4:4But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son,
5This is what we do know—it was the right day. FactWe don’t know the exact date of the birth of God’s Son—It is not recorded in the Bible and God did not choose to preserve the exact day. ButThis is what we do know—it was the right day.
6“Fullness of Time” “The Right Time” This is Paul’s way of saying: God is never earlyGod is never late
9SovereigntyEverything you can think of with regard to the “fullness of time” and God sending His Son to accomplish His will in the Son’s virgin birth, sinless life, crucifixion, tomb burial, and bodily resurrection validate God’s Sovereignty.
16Galatians 4:5To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
17Revelation 5:9And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
18The word redemption comes from the Greek word agorazo and means “to purchase in the marketplace.” Frequently, it had to do with the sale of slaves in the marketplace. The word is used to describe the believer being purchased out of the slave market of sin and set free from sin’s bondage. The purchase price for the believer’s freedom and release from sin was the death of Jesus Christ.Paul P. Enns
25God doesn’t leave us as redeemed free agents without a Father. Glorious FactGod doesn’t leave us as redeemed free agents without a Father.
26Galatians 4:5 that To redeem them that were under the law, we might receiveIndicates Purpose
27Receive To come into possession of; to acquire “the adoption of sons.” Galatians 4:5
28Spiritual AdoptionThe word adoption means “placing as a son” and describes the rights and privileges as well as the new position of the believer in Christ. The word is taken from Roman custom where, in a legal ceremony, the adopted son was given all the rights of a natural-born son.
29In this rite, four things happened. 1] The adopted person lost all rights in his old family and gained all the rights of a fully legitimate son in his new family.2] He became heir to his new father’s estate.3] The old life of the adopted person was completely wiped out. For instance, legally all debts were cancelled; they were wiped out as if they had never been incurred.4] In the eyes of the law, the adopted person was literally and absolutely the son of his new father.Paul P. Enns
30Spiritual AdoptionNow Paul describes something for which there is NO Roman or legal equivalent—look at vs. 6.
31Galatians 4:6And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
32Ezekiel 36:26A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
33Galatians 4:6And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.AramaicWord
34Romans 5:5And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit which is given unto us.
35The word Abba is a term of familial intimacy that can still be heard through the Middle East as a word of address used by young children to greet their father. Abba is an Aramaic expression that may have derived originally from the first syllables uttered by an infant (cf. the corresponding ʾimmā, “mother”). However, we oversentimentalize this word when we refer to it as mere baby talk and translate it into English as “daddy.” The word Abba appears in certain legal texts of the Mishna as a designation used by grown children in claiming the inheritance of their deceased father. As a word of address Abba is not so much associated with infancy as it is with intimacy. It is a cry of the heart, not a word spoken calmly with personal detachment and reserve, but a word we “call” or “cry out” (krazō).The fact that this word is given here, and also in Rom 8:15, in both Aramaic and Greek indicates the bilingual character of early Christian worship. Throughout the history of the church various Christian groups have attempted to canonize one particular language as the authorized sacred tongue of religious discourse. Some Orthodox Christians have done that with Greek, traditional Roman Catholics with Latin, and certain Protestants with the English of the King James Version. However, the fact that in Jesus Christ there is no longer Jew or Gentile does not mean that we must stop speaking Hebrew/Aramaic or Greek. The Spirit who cries out “Abba, Father” from our hearts enabled the gospel to be heard in many of the world’s languages on the Day of Pentecost. The same Holy Spirit still blesses the translation of the Scriptures into the many diverse languages and dialects of the world today.Timothy George, vol. 30, Galatians, electronic ed., Logos Library System; The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2001),
36ApplicationWhy do two people who both claim to be saved have remarkably different loves for the Lord?AnswerOne is grieving the Spirit, and the other is not.One is quenching the Spirit, and the other is not.One is sealed with the Spirit, and the other is not.
38Galatians 4:7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son,then an heir of God through Christ.
39Heir by FaithHebrews 11:7By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.
40Freedom from the legal requirements of the Law Declaration of RighteousnessAdoption into the Family of GodIndwelling of the SpiritEternal Life