What do we remember? PASS? Pull the pin, Aim at base of fire, Squeeze handle and Sweep from side to side RACE? Rescue (everyone exit), Alarm (tell someone or do it yourself), Contain (windows/door/blankets), Evacuate or Extinguish (order) Fire Triangle? Fuel, Heat, Oxygen
Body Mechanics - Positions / movements used to maintain proper posture and avoid muscle and bone injuries. - How often do you use body mechanics? - Everyday! - When would you use it in the health field? - In the health field you will need to lift, move, and carry objects, possibly clients. Body mechanics Body mechanics
Principles of Body Mechanics Body Alignment : refers to the correct relationship or position of the head, back, and limbs Body performs better in proper alignment! Standing= Feet 6-10 inches apart, feet flat, knees slightly flexed
Body Mechanics Failure… Lead to injury! Back injury is most common (sprains, disc strain and bulge, herniated disk and fatigue) Back injuries take a long time to recover Better to prevent!
Proper Body Mechanics when LIFTING What do you need to remember? With your partner, list 5 situations in the health field where proper body mechanics is crucial!
Key Components! -Wide base of support (feet shoulder width) -2 hands to move something -Face direction you intend to move -Do not twist -Avoid unnecessary reaching -Chin up -Shoulders back -Bend at hips & knees (not back)
Key Components… Keep objects close to your body Exhale when lifting Tighten abdominals Lift with legs, not back Push, pull or slide instead of lifting Push large items Use your body weight Always ask for help when needed Tell client what you’re doing & ask for their help
Practice! Go to page 59 in your book. With a partner, practice procedure 3B. Partner A reads steps aloud, Partner B performs. Switch when directed.
Homework! Look up, define and print out pictures of each of the following: Fractured disk Herniated disk Sprains/strains
Answer LEQ Why are good body mechanics important?