Presentation on theme: "The British Colonies in Atlantic Canada EVENTS IN EUROPE AFFECT THE COLONIES."— Presentation transcript:
The British Colonies in Atlantic Canada EVENTS IN EUROPE AFFECT THE COLONIES
The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 Conflict over succession to the Spanish throne resulted in a coalition of several European countries, including England, which waged war against France from 1701 to 1714. In North America, British troops seized Port Royal, in Acadia, in 1710. By signing the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, the French King, Louis XIV chose to preserve the integrity of his European kingdom, including the cities and provinces he had recently conquered. Of his possessions in New France, the King ceded to England the Hudson Bay basin, Acadia (inhabited by 2,000 settlers), Plaisance (Placentia) and his other Newfoundland possessions, with the exception of certain fishing rights; the territory of the Iroquois Confederacy became an English protectorate. France retained Louisiana and the St. Lawrence Valley up to an undetermined western boundary. France decided almost immediately to rebuild French Acadia on Cape Breton Island (renamed � le Royale). In 1715, it began the construction of a fortified town at Louisbourg, bringing in settlers from Plaisance (Placentia) and encouraging Acadians living under British rule to move there or to � le Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island).
The French Treaty Shore came into existence with the ratification of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713). This provided that the French could fish in season on the Newfoundland coast between Cape Bonavista and Point Riche - an area that had been frequented by fishermen from Brittany since the early 16th century, and which they called "le petit nord". Newfoundland
THE CREATION HALIFAX Chebucto – ‘the biggest harbour’
In The Beginning In 1759, Britain decided to tighten its control over the former French colony. The British planned to build a town and fort in Nova Scotia at a place called the Mi’kmaq called Chebucto, meaning ‘the biggest harbor’.
In the Beginning Sixteen ships sailed into the harbor with 2600 soldiers and colonists on board. They called the settlement Halifax, after the British official in London who oversaw the project.
George Montague Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax (1716-1771), 'The Father of the Colonies' aided founding of colony of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia, was named after him in 1749 Numerous places are named after him because of his position as president of the Board of Trade and Plantations.
Halifax The houses and buildings spread out along the waterfront at the base of a hill. At the top of the hill, the British built a military fort.
Active Citizenship in Halifax The government in Halifax included a governor, a council of advisors, and an elected assembly. The citizen of the colony voted in 1758, it was the first elected assembly in British North America. Citizenship involves much more than voting in elections. Halifax residents who contributed to their society by working, paying taxes, volunteering or abiding by the law were also active citizens