Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 – People at Work. TThe role of trade unions TThe role of employer associations TThe process of collective bargaining TThe different types."— Presentation transcript:
AA Trade Union is a group of workers who have joined together to ensure their interests are protected
SHOP STEWARD For an annual fee that pays for the employment of union officials, they will represent the views of those in the union to achieve their aims.
AAdvantages ◦S◦Strength in Numbers ◦I◦Improved Conditions of Employment ◦I◦Improved Workplace Environment ◦I◦Improved Benefits ◦I◦Improved Job Satisfaction ◦A◦Advice & Financial Support ◦F◦Further Benefits ◦E◦Employment where there is a closed shop
TTrade Unions seek to ◦P◦Put forward views to the media ◦I◦Influence government decisions ◦I◦Improve communication between workers & management
A craft union is a trade union which represents a particular type of skilled worker.
A general union is a trade union which represents workers from a variety of trades in the industry. They are often un-skilled but also semi-skilled workers.
An industrial union is a trade union which represents all types of workers in a particular industry
A white-collar union is a trade union which represents non-manual workers.
Closed shop is where all the employees have to be a member of a particular union.
A Single-Union Agreement is where a firm deals with only one particular union.
AAdvantages for employees ◦D◦Discussions clearer ◦G◦Greater power ◦N◦No disagreements between unions ◦B◦Better working relationship ◦D◦Disputes solved quickly
AAdvantages for employers ◦O◦Only one union to negotiate with ◦B◦Better working relationship ◦D◦Disputes resolved more quickly ◦E◦Easier to agree to changes ◦B◦Better relationships
President National Executive Head Office Branch Regional offices Individual Members Branch
EEmployer Associations Employer Federations Trade Associations BBusiness join together to form a association or federation SSubscription Fee Benefits
AAdvantages ◦R◦Representation of Members ◦O◦Offer Advice ◦P◦Pressure Group ◦S◦Sharing good practice ◦B◦Bulk-Buying
AAct as pressure groups RRepresent business interests LLinked to economic environment GGovernment Control & Provide TTaxation RRules & Regulations EEconomic Policies IInfrastructure
CCollective bargaining is negotiations between one or more trade unions and one or more employees (or employee associations) on pay or working conditions
RRising Inflation DDifficult to recruit qualified workers MMaintaining pay differentials CChanges in the workplace
TThis is taken by trade unions to decrease or halt production
SStrike Action ◦A◦A Token Strike SShort Stoppage ◦A◦A Selective Strike FFew selected workers walk out ◦A◦An All Out Strike AAll union members stop work
PPicketing ◦S◦Support strike ◦S◦Stand outside workplace ◦T◦Try to persuade other workers not to go to work ◦M◦May halt production all together ◦G◦Gain publicity ◦C◦Company gets bad publicity ◦A◦Applies pressure
WWork to Rule ◦S◦Strictly, Rigidly follow rules/regulations ◦W◦Work often slows ◦W◦Workers paid normally ◦N◦Nothing wrong
Go Slow ◦ Similar to “work to rule” ◦ Workers do jobs more slowly ◦ Deliberately take longer to complete tasks
NNon-Cooperation ◦W◦Workers refuse to have anything to do with new working practices that they do not approve of
OOver-time Ban ◦N◦Normal working hours carried out only ◦N◦No additional work time is done ◦D◦Damaging to the company
Loss of Output Loss of Income/Profit Poor Reputation Cash Flow Problems For Employers Customers maybe lost to other firms as orders not delivered
Loss of Wages Threat of job losses For Employees
Find Alternative Supplier May cost more for product Shortage of Product May not be able to produce goods For the Firm’s Customers Deliveries not made
Workers have less money to spend Lower Income means less tax collection Exports lost Less products being produced - imports Striking firm may have to lay off workers – Incomes fall, unemployment rises For the Economy Bad reputation from not delivering on time
Strikes are damaging for both employers and employees These agreements usually involve an “independent ARBITRATOR”
This occurs when employees contribute and are involved in the decision making in the business
WWorker Directors ◦a◦appointed representative ◦u◦usually do not attend board meetings WWorks Council ◦R◦Representatives of workforce meet ◦D◦Discuss management proposals ◦F◦Feedback on ideas and comments ◦I◦Issues may include; HHealth and Safety IIntroduction of New Machinery
QQuality Circles ◦U◦Used by many companies (especially Japan) ◦E◦Encourage continuous development ◦T◦Team Working ◦D◦Discussions on improvement on how things are carried out or how the product is assembled ◦I◦Improved feeling of importance and motivation of employees results