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Management of Acoustic Neuroma NEMROCK Experience. 1999-2005 Mohamed Abdulla (M.D.) Ass. Professor of Clinical Oncology Kasr El-Aini School of Medicine.

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Presentation on theme: "Management of Acoustic Neuroma NEMROCK Experience. 1999-2005 Mohamed Abdulla (M.D.) Ass. Professor of Clinical Oncology Kasr El-Aini School of Medicine."— Presentation transcript:

1 Management of Acoustic Neuroma NEMROCK Experience Mohamed Abdulla (M.D.) Ass. Professor of Clinical Oncology Kasr El-Aini School of Medicine Cairo University Tanta Cancer Center Meeting June, 2005

2 Is a benign or non-cancerous growth that arises from the 8th or vestibulo-cochlear nerve.

3 Growth Pattern:

4 Grade I - Tumor is small, occurring only within the internal auditory canal itself. Grade II - Tumor extends into the fluid spaces around the brainstem Grade III - Larger tumor (usually up to 2.5 cm in diameter). Extends up to the brainstem. Grade IV - Very large tumor (up to 5 cm in diameter). Compresses the brainstem, often involves the nerves of swallowing and the 5th cranial nerve (face and eye sensation)

5 Why Important? 5-10% of all cranial lesions. Sensory Roots > Motor > Autonomic. Vestibular division of 8 th CN followed by Trigeminal. Female predominance. 3 rd – 6 th decade of life.

6 Why Risky? Life Threatening Functional Loss Cosmetic

7 Management Options Observation Surgical Resection SRS

8 Surgical Treatment: Surgical Approaches Sub-Occipital Most Widely Used Hearing Preservation Trans- Labyrinthine Better Exposure Hearing Loss Middle Fossa Intracanalicular + Hearing Preservation

9 Stereotactic RS & RT: Evolution in Computer & Software Technology. Development of High Resolution Imaging Modalities with 3-D Image Reconstruction Facility. The Advent of GK & Linac with Advanced Shaping Techniques. Quality Control Parameters.

10 Delivery of High Dose of IR Limited Volume. Normal Tissue Sparing Necrosis & Tumor Shrinkage

11 Resection or SRS? IssueSurgerySRS No. of Cases3230 Years of Study No Change in Employment 68%69% +ve Recommendation74%95% Mean Tumor Size25 mm22 mm New Balance Problems 78%7% New Onset Tinnitus57%3% New Facial Nerve Dysfunction 63%10% Martin et al, J Neurosurg 94: ,2001.

12 Salvage Surgery After Failure of SRS is not MORE DIFFICULT. No Increase in the Frequency of Having Malignant Transformation as a Late Effect of SRS as Compared to Primary resection. Resection or SRS? Douglas et al, Neurosurg Focus, 14(5), 2003

13 Resection or SRS? Lesion < 30 mm In Extra-Canalicular Radiosurgery Lesion > 30 mm In Extra-Canalicular Surgical Resection Douglas et al, Neurosurg Focus, 14(5), 2003

14 NEMROCK Experience ( ) 64 patients. 29 (M) & 35 (F). 42 ys (Unilateral) 10 (Bilateral) Volume: 8-30 mm Volume: 20 mm Dose Range: Gy Follow up: 6-54 months

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18 SRS in AN: Safe. Upfront Line in Selected Patients. Not Associated with Deterioration of Pre-Treatment Neurological Manifestations. Excellent Response Rate.


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