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 Starter: What would you do if you won Lotto? In 3 sentences, list your top three choices.  Today: looking at issues related to the novel.

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Presentation on theme: " Starter: What would you do if you won Lotto? In 3 sentences, list your top three choices.  Today: looking at issues related to the novel."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Starter: What would you do if you won Lotto? In 3 sentences, list your top three choices.  Today: looking at issues related to the novel.

3 Read the article “Winning Lotto – How it really feels”. Write the answers to the questions below in your folder. 1. Name the source of the information about Lotto winners. 2. List the different ways winners have chosen to use their winnings. 3. Of the options you have listed, which would you choose? Why?

4 Focus Questions (discuss in groups of 2-3): 1. What are the positives and negatives of a big Lotto win? List two of each. 2. Rank each of the choices winners have made on a continuum – most generous to least generous. Discuss each ranking in your group. 3. Discuss the ‘advice’ ending the article. Is it valuable? How have past winners learnt this?

5 Week #In ClassAt Home Chec k 5 (30 May – 3 June) Before we read… activities Reading Log (1 period) Reading Chapter 1 and completing questions. 6 (6 – 10 June) Character in The Pearl.Reading Chapter 2 and completing questions. 7 (13-17 June) Formal writing – editing and revising your research report. Reading Chapter 3 and completing questions. 8 (20-24 June) Symbolism in The Pearl. Practice Essay #1 Reading Chapter 4 and completing questions. 9 (27 June – 1 July) Narrative Structure in The Pearl. Reading Log #4 (Due 30 June) Reading Chapter 5 and completing questions. 10 (4 – 8 July) Theme in The Pearl. Practice Essay #2 Reading Chapter 6 and completing questions. 11 (11 – 15 July) Review of The Pearl. Practice Essay #3 Reading Response #5 (Due Week 1, Term 3)

6 Name the language features: 1. “a pale wash of light” (p.17) 2. “corn-cakes” (p.19) Vocabulary (copy this definition): Avarice – greed, desire for wealth or material possessions.

7  The idea of sudden wealth, and the positive and negative aspects of it, is a significant theme in The Pearl.  By investigating the idea of a big Lotto win, we are forming our own opinions and attitudes to sudden wealth.

8 Activity: construct a personal diary, imagining that you have won $1 million in Lotto. Your diary should:  Include 5 entries (1 paragraph each), describing your thoughts, feelings and actions.  Include 2 entries before your win, and 3 after. These do not have to be five consecutive days.

9  Parable – a folk tale or legend with a strong moral message. Often uses simple characters and symbolism.  If the Pearl is a parable (see p15), what do you think it’s message will be?

10 “Show understanding of specified aspect(s) of studied written texts, using supporting evidence.” 1. Understanding – Achieved level. 2. Convincing understanding – Merit level. 3. Perceptive understanding – Excellence level. 2 Credits – 200 word essay (externally examined)

11  Describe a positive or negative experience that happened to a character or individual in the text. Explain how the writer used the experience to help you understand that character or individual.

12  Positive or negative experiences – important events in the novel.  Characters – what they do, what they say, or what others say about them.  Quotes or examples - supporting evidence.

13 Novel Study Charact er Setting Symbol Them e Languag e Narrativ e

14  Do you use the internet regularly for schoolwork, at home or elsewhere?  Would you find it useful to have access to notes on The Pearl available online?  Should we use the wiki page?

15 In studying The Pearl, we will focus on character, symbol, theme and narrative.

16  Starter: List three characters in the novel, and list 2-3 words you would associate with each.  We are learning to: explain how characters are developed in the novel.

17 Activity: Gender is a stereotype in our society. We have certain ideas about what a man/woman should be. 1. What are some stereotypical qualities of a ‘man’? Work with your neighbour to list 10. Underline any that you think apply to Kino. (eg. Bravery, not showing emotion) 2. Juana is representative of women (femininity) in the novel. What are the stereotypical qualities of a woman? List 10, and underline those that apply to Juana.

18  Characters in The Pearl are simple, and they are symbolic.  Each character represents a theme in the novel, or a group of people in society.  For example, Kino is a man, and he represents masculinity in the novel. (Masculinity = characteristics associated with being male)

19  Tonight: Chapter One Reading and Questions. We will mark these at the beginning of the period.  For next Tuesday: Chapter Two Reading and Questions.

20 Activity: Kino and Juana symbolise another main theme in the novel. What is it? Discuss with your neighbour, and agree on an idea. (Hint: think also of the doctor, and what he might symbolise).

21 Starter (Picture Dictation): Follow the instructions below to draw the mystery picture. 1. Draw a long oval shape, approx 5 cm long. 2. At one end of the oval, draw thin crescent shapes 2cm long, curving towards each other, one on either side of the oval. 3. At the other end of the oval, draw a long crescent shape, 3cm long, curving in either direction. 4. On each side of the oval, draw 3 little legs.

22 We are given information about characters in a text in three ways: 1. What they do. 2. What they say. 3. What others say about them. These three combine to form the process of characterisation (character development).

23  Describe a positive or negative experience that happened to a character or individual in the text. Explain how the writer used the experience to help you understand that character or individual. 1. Positive or negative experiences – important events in the novel. 2. Characters – what they do, what they say, or what others say about them. 3. Quotes or examples - supporting evidence.

24 We will use the character of Juana, and the experience of the scorpion. 1. Brainstorm with your neighbour, things Juana, does, says, or are said about her that relate to the scorpion. 2. For each, describe what you learn.

25 Achieved Exemplar: 1. Cut out the pieces, and put them in the correct order. 2. Glue the pieces onto refill, leaving space to add details to the two highlighted areas. 3. Complete the response by adding detail where required. 4. Plan an essay response to the same question, using the character of Kino and the negative experience of the scorpion sting. See Mr Hanson for advice.

26 Starter: Is the finding of the pearl a positive or negative experience? Discuss this with your neighbour. Think back to our discussion of big Lotto winnings. We are learning to: craft an essay response (about the process of characterisation).

27 1. Complete the essay by using these words to fill in the gaps:  Surprising  Symbolic  Resolves  Stereotype  Resilience  Negative  Family  Understand  Complex  Experience 2. Underline and label the Point, Example, Explanation and Relevance in each paragraph. 3. Complete the sentence highlighted. Use the information in the paragraph to help. 4. What do we learn about Kino from the event of the scorpion?

28 1. Working backwards: write a plan for this completed essay. 2. Copy the template to the right onto half a page of refill. 3. For each bullet point, write one line to summarise each part of the paragraph. The first two have been done for you. 4. In each line of summary you write, underline the most important word (a keyword) Introduction  Juana and the typical qualities of motherhood. Paragraph One  Point: Juana is strong.  Example:  Explanation:  Relevance: Paragraph Two  Point:  Example:  Explanation:  Relevance: Conclusion 

29  From the list below, choose two adjectives you could use to describe the character of the doctor, and add one of your own: caringresponsiblewealthyangry generous kindselfish greedyfriendlyunfriendly  If characters in The Pearl are symbolic, what does the doctor symbolise? Write 2-3 sentences to explain.

30 1. Working backwards: write a plan for this completed essay. 2. Copy the template to the right onto half a page of refill. 3. For each bullet point, write one line to summarise each part of the paragraph. The first two have been done for you. 4. In each line of summary you write, underline the most important word (a keyword) Introduction  Juana and the typical qualities of motherhood. Paragraph One  Point: Juana is strong.  Example:  Explanation:  Relevance: Paragraph Two  Point:  Example:  Explanation:  Relevance: Conclusion 

31  Use the Facebook template to create a character profile for the character of Kino.  You should be able to fill in all of the boxes – if you are stuck, ask a neighbour or Mr Hanson.  Include sketches of Kino and his friends (other characters in the novel).  What do we know about Kino?

32 Starter: Why is Kino unwilling to open the pearl? Discuss with your neighbour.

33  Character Log: Complete the activity on p.40, developing a record of the characters in the novel. Take a page for each character. As we read, you should aim to record:  5 entries each for Kino and Juana.  2 entries for supporting characters. This period: 2 entries for Kino, and 2 for Juana.

34  See your characters from another point of view. We know how Kino feels – imagine you are another fisher in another canoe – what are your thoughts when you hear Kino call, and what is your reaction?

35 Week #In ClassAt Home Chec k 5 (30 May – 3 June) Before we read… activities Reading Log (1 period) Reading Chapter 1 and completing questions. 6 (6 – 10 June) Character in The Pearl.Reading Chapter 2 and completing questions. 7 (13-17 June) Formal writing – editing and revising your research report. Reading Chapter 3 and completing questions. 8 (20-24 June) Symbolism in The Pearl. Practice Essay #1 Reading Chapter 4 and completing questions. 9 (27 June – 1 July) Narrative Structure in The Pearl. Reading Log #4 (Due 30 June) Reading Chapter 5 and completing questions. 10 (4 – 8 July) Theme in The Pearl. Practice Essay #2 Reading Chapter 6 and completing questions. 11 (11 – 15 July) Review of The Pearl. Practice Essay #3 Reading Response #5 (Due Week 1, Term 3)

36 We are learning to:  Explain the narrative structure of the novel.  Analyse the use of language features in the novel. Key Questions:  What has influenced the language of the novel?  Explain the origin of the pearl story.

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39 Activity: Read “Setting the Scene” (p7) and summarise the information presented. Use this format: Heading Key point 1 (underline a key word) Key point 2 (underline a key word) Key point 3 (underline a key word) Key point 4 (underline a key word) Key point 5 (underline a key word)

40 Example: Setting the Scene  Steinbeck visits La Paz in  Hears the tale of a boy and a giant pearl.  Steinbeck grew up around Mexican immigrants.  His writing (about the natural world) reflects this.  He uses a simple style of story-telling.

41 Try it yourself: Folk-story Style:  The raised-up feeling of a folk story. 

42 Key Questions (discuss with your neighbour):  What has influenced the language of the novel?  Explain the origin of the pearl story.

43 “The pearls were accidents, and the finding of one was luck, a little pat on the back by god or the gods or both.” (p.34)  Pearls are a symbol of good fortune in many cultures. How many other good-luck symbols from around the world can you think of?

44 We are learning to:  Explain how important themes in the novel are communicated. Essay Question (you are writing this one!)  Describe at least ONE idea that you thought was important in the text.  Explain how the writer made you think the idea was important.

45 Group drawing activity: 1. On the surface of the pearl, draw the hopes, dreams and desires projected onto it by Kino and the other characters in the novel. 2. Around the pearl, sketch the characters and indicate which hopes and dreams are theirs. 3. Underneath your image, brainstorm words to describe the pearl and the idea it symbolises. 4. Add your information to the pearl on the whiteboard.

46 Useful page references: p p.43 p p.46

47 Kino projects his hopes and dreams onto the pearl. In the pearl he saw:  “Juana and Coyotito and himself…” (p.44)  “We will be married” (p.44)  “…he saw how they were dressed…” (p.44)  “Then to the lovely surface of the pearl came the little things Kino wanted…” (p.45)

48  In one sense, the pearl is simply a mirror: “it captured the light and refined it and gave it back in silver incandescence.” (p.37)  It could turn the wildest of dreams into reality; it is a symbol of hope and desire, and each character imagines a different opportunity with it.

49 The pearl also reflects the desires and greed of others:  The doctor, the priest, and the pearl buyers all want the pearl for themselves.

50  In this way, Steinbeck uses the pearl as a symbol to explore the idea of choice – when faced with unlimited wealth and opportunity, what are the choices made? What are the consequences?

51  “The essence of the pearl mixed with the essence of men and a curious dark residue was precipitated…The news stirred up something infinitely black and evil in the town; the black distillate was like a scorpion, or like hunger in the smell of food, or like loneliness when love is withheld.” (p.43)  Discuss the meaning of this passage.

52  The pearl is also symbolic of the consequences of great wealth, and inequality – the evil, greed and jealousy that can arise when one has more than others.  Kino becomes jealous and feels he must protect the pearl from those who would take it from him.  Kino is driven to kill to save the pearl, and his family.  Finally, the pearl is returned to the sea.

53  John Steinbeck inverts (reverses) the symbol of the pearl, usually signifying beauty and purity, and makes it a symbol of greed and jealousy.

54 Starter: “the poison sacs of the town began to manufacture venom, and the town swelled and puffed with the pressure of it” (p.43) 1. Name the language feature. 2. This line links to an early event in the story. Name the event, and explain the link.

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56 We are learning to:  Explain how important themes in the novel are communicated. Essay Question (you are writing this one!)  Describe at least ONE idea that you thought was important in the text.  Explain how the writer made you think the idea was important.

57 Explain how John Steinbeck inverts the symbol of the pearl to make the ideas of evil, greed and jealousy important in the novel. Explain how John Steinbeck uses the symbol of the pearl to signify both good and evil, important ideas in the novel.

58 To get you started: First Point: Steinbeck uses the pearl as a symbol of hope. Example: Kino will send his son to school (p.46). Explanation: This is an opportunity beyond the means of any of Kino’s people. Relevance: The pearl at first represents the idea of hope.

59 Second point: Steinbeck inverts the symbol of the pearl, to symbolise evil and jealousy. Example…


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