5Question FormatYou are given 3 texts in a booklet to read very closely. Usually they include: * a fiction extract * a poem * non-fiction extract In a second booklet you are given questions on each text in which you write an answer in short essay form.
6Study thIS Example Text A: Column /Opinion Notice the heading clue, the text title and author, the paragraph layout and the source information given at the bottom.Read it through twice and then in groups carry out a SPLATT analysis
7S.P.L.A.T.T! Subject – what is the text about? Purpose – what is the writer’s intention or purpose in the text? (To inform? To persuade? To entertain?) Language – which techniques are being used, why?Audience – who is it aimed at? How can you tell?Tone – what is the writer’s attitude to the topic?Theme – what is the main idea / message?
8Glossary Word: ToneTone is the writer’s attitude toward the subject being written about and toward the audience implied in a text. e.g. the tone of a text could be formal, informal, intimate, solemn, sombre, playful, serious, ironic, condescending, or many other possible attitudes.
9After SPLATT…Look at the essay instruction for more guides to understanding (copy from next slide)Make a list of the separate ideas /meanings in it about the topic which the writer is sharing.Make a list of the language methods he/she is using to communicate his/her ideas.
10Exam Design e.g.Question One: Column / Opinion Refer to Text A in the resource booklet to answer this question. First the examiner gives you a helpful overview e.g. The writer uses humour to suggest ways that text messaging has affected the way we communicate significant events and moments in our lives.
11Exam Instruction EGAnalyse how the writer has presented his opinion on the effects of texting on communication in English.
12A Way to start egThe writer is concerned about the effect of texting on communication. He uses various kinds of humour to raise our awareness about the issues. At the start of the article he …. You then work your way through the extract using the P.E.E. method to analyse the writer’s meaning and method.
13Secret to successMake use of the information they give you at the top of the text and the author’s name and source ( may give clues if you know them).Read the text several times very carefullyUse the question keywords to focus your reading, to guide your first sentence and the plan for the answer.Annotate thoroughly
17You MustUse lots of supporting quotations from the text as evidence for what you are saying. Underline the key bit e.g. The writer uses alliteration in “pesky punctuation” to add humour and draw attention to the problems people have using punctuation correctly.
18To Prepare For This Paper Memorise lots of literary / language terms and techniques e.g. * sentence types * poetic techniques* parts of speech * persuasive techniques Make some palm cards for learning them??
19It’s A Numbers Game!The final grade you receive is decided by adding the scores on the three essays you have written in the answer booklet.Grade boundaries change each year. Sometimes even 3 x N2 = 6 can mean AchieveThis means: Give each part an honest try.
20And practise ByReading a wide range of text types asking yourself SPLATT questions about them i.e.Subject – what is it about?Purpose – what is the writer’s intention in the text?Language – which techniques are being used, why?Audience – who is it aimed at? How can you tell?Tone – what is the writer’s attitude to the topic?Theme – what is the main idea / message?
21Practice Poem: HatEssay Paper Instruction Analyse how the poet uses techniques to examine the relationship between the elderly woman and her son. * identify the keywordsHow to start writing …Start with an intro sentence which uses the instruction keywords and sums up your understanding of the topic identified in the essay instruction e.g.
22How To Start e.g.This poem explores a dysfunctional relationship between an adult son and his mother. OR In this poem, the poet/speaker is telling us about his/her father and the unusual relationship the father seems to have with his own mother. Or ?
23Next…You could use:Method 1 the select 3-4 techniques paragraph method orOrMethod 2 the stanza by stanza method to explain the poem’s meanings and the poet’s methods.
24e.g.Method 1 The poet uses three main techniques to show us what the relationship is like: the symbol of the hat, the motif of hunting and metaphors. (This would be the second sentence of your intro.)Method 2In the first stanza we are introduced to the father’s hat wearing habit. By the use of the list in line 3 we are shown that he has a hat for every occasion.
25Poetry Reading TipsRead using the punctuation e.g. if there is punctuation, read to the full stops for understanding.Take notice of what it looks like on the page? Stanza type? Any special layout effects?Check the ending of the poem very carefully. This is where the main idea is usually foundThink carefully about the title of the poem. What clues does it give? Is there more than one level of meaning?