Wisdom Literature An application of how God works in our everyday lives. It teaches us the right way to live.
The Book of Job The story of an innocent man. It raises the question of why bad things happen to good people. It is meant to help us understand the problem of evil. Job 1:1-22
The Book of Psalms A collection of poetry and song lyrics. It’s like a hymnal. It can help us learn to pray. There are 3 types of Psalms: - Lament - Thanksgiving - Praise
The Book of Psalms (cont.) Lament: A psalm that expresses sadness or asks for God’s help. Psalm 137 Thanksgiving: A psalm that expresses gratitude for the gift of life and other gifts from God. Psalm 28 & 30 Praise: A psalm that acknowledges that God is God and gives God glory just for being. Psalm 113
The Book of Proverbs A collection of sayings that provide rules or lessons for moral living. Faith is not just a matter of right belief; it is also a matter of right living. Proverb 15:3
The Book of Ecclesiastes The key lesson of this book is that only God is eternal. So we should put our faith in Him. Everything else is vanity. This book is about the search for meaning. Ecclesiastes 3:1-8 – very famous!
The Song of Songs (or Song of Solomon) A poem about the ideal of romantic love between a man and a woman. It is also an allegory about the relationship between God and the Church.
The Wisdom of Solomon (or The Book of Wisdom) This book was written for Jews who were living in foreign lands to help them maintain their faith. Wisdom is depicted as a virtuous woman. -- Wisdom 6:12-21
The Book of Sirach (or the Book of Ecclesiasticus) Contains many wise sayings.
Understanding Hebrew Poetry Parallelism: A poetic technique in which the 2 nd line restates, contrasts, or expands the 1 st line. See the Psalms. Personification: Using human characteristics to describe something non-human. See Proverbs 8.
Valued Qualities Wisdom: A right or accurate understanding of the world. Because God created the world, wisdom comes from God. Proverbs 2:1-22
Valued Qualities Fear of the Lord: Respect, love, and appreciation for God. An attitude of humility toward God. Proverbs 19:23 and Psalm 62
Valued Qualities (cont.) Cardinal Virtues: We can build our character around these four “ hinge” virtues. - Prudence - Justice - Temperance - Fortitude
Valued Qualities (cont.) Prudence: The habit of using reason and fore thought to control one’s choices. Proverbs 22:24-25, and 14:15-16
Valued Qualities (cont.) Justice: The habit of fairness and honesty; the willingness to consider the needs of others. Proverbs 3:21-25 and Sirach 4:1-6
Valued Qualities (cont.) Temperance: The habit of moderation and balance. Sirach 37:27-31
Valued Qualities (cont.) Fortitude: The habit of courage in choosing what is right even when it is difficult. Sirach 15:11-20, Psalm 118-14
7 Deadly Sins or Vices The 7 Deadly Sins are habits that hinder our ability to love and to choose what is good. - pride- envy - anger- lust - sloth- avarice/greed - gluttony
7 Deadly Sins or Vices (cont.) Pride: An exaggerated sense of one’s own worth that looks down on others and rejects legitimate authority. Sirach 5:2-4
7 Deadly Sins or Vices (cont.) Envy: A refusal to acknowledge or enjoy one’s gifts, while constantly yearning for more and resenting what others have.
7 Deadly Sins or Vices (cont.) Anger: Unjustified or unrestrained hatred, rage, or violence. Sirach 27:38-28:4
7 Deadly Sins or Vices (cont.) Lust: Mindless sexual appetite or illicit sexual behavior. Proverbs 6:23-29
7 Deadly Sins or Vices (cont.) Sloth: Spiritual and intellectual laziness. The lack of will to do what is right or to change for the better. Sirach 22:1-2, Proverbs 6:6-11
7 Deadly Sins or Vices (cont.) Avarice or Greed: Unjust coveting or acquisition of money, property, and material goods. Sirach 31:5-9
7 Deadly Sins or Vices (cont.) Gluttony: overindulgence in food and drink. Sirach 31:19-24