2Connect to your LifeStatus is defined as the standing a person has in a group to which he or she belongs. What are some things that give a person status? How can you tell that a person has status? What are some benefits of status? What are some possible harmful effects of concern about status?
3Background"The Necklace" takes place in Paris in the second half of the 19th century. The life of a typical French woman was dictated by the income of her father or husband. Wealthy women were upper class and lived a life of luxury. Middle-class women took care of family and home. Lower-class lived a life of poverty and hard work. A woman could improve her status by marrying someone of a higher class, however a woman needed a dowry-(money or property) to give her new husband.
4SETTING1884 Paris, France; Loisel’s apartment, party at the Ministry of Education’s Mansion
5CHARACTERSMadame Loisel - selfish (beautiful, charming, middle class, spoiled, daydreamed)→→aged quickly, heavy, rough, harsh, shrill voice, and poorMonsieur Loisel- kind, generous, loyal hard-working, clerk for Ministry of Education, wants to please wife, and middle- classMadame Forestier - kind, generous, wealthy, and snobby
6Literary Analysis: Plot The plot of a story is made up of a sequence of events or actions introducing conflicts, complications and resolution. This story is about a woman who unhappy with her social life. New conflicts take place after one conflict is resolved.
7Key VocabularyDefine the Word and write down the sentence from the story1. Incessant –2. Chagrin –3. Homage –4. Vestibule –5. Odious -
9Answer the following questions 1. What type of lifestyle do the Loisel’s have?2. What type of lifestyle does Mdm. Loisel desire?3. Why is Mdm. Loisel upset by the invitation to the fancy party?4. What do we learn about the moral character of the husband when he gives his wife the400 francs that he has saved to buy himself a gun?
10More Questions5. After she buys a dress, Mdm. Loisel is still unhappy. Why?6. Explain the transformation of the Loisels during the ten years it takes them to pay backthe debt.7. Do you feel sorry for Mdm. Loisel at the end of story? Why or why not?8. Do you feel sorry for Mr. Loisel? Why or why not?
11Outline ActivityOutline events in "The Necklace" that form the rising action, the climax, and the falling action.
12SummaryMadame Loisel is in her apartment dreaming of a better life. She is unhappy and dissatisfied with her social status and mediocre surroundings. Mme & Msr. L receive an invitation to a party at the Ministry. Mme. refuses to attend until she has something suitable to wear. She borrows a diamond necklace from her friend Mme. F. Mme. L is stunning and has a fabulous time, but loses the necklace somewhere on the way home.
13Summary ContinuedThey borrow the money from loan sharks and are forced to live a life of poverty for 10years until their debts are paid off. Mme. L meets up with Mme F and tells her about the lost necklace, and her 10 years of hard labor and toil to repay the debts. Mme. F reveals the necklace is only ‘paste’, a fake and worth maybe 500 francs.
14POINT OF VIEW:This short story is told from the 3rd person limited point of view. The author focuses on Mme. Loisel’s thoughts and feelings.
15CONFLICTInternal –Mme. Loisel vs. herself (her excessive pride, materialism and shallowness cause her emotional torture as she feels she’s been deprived of luxuries)External –Mme. Loisel vs. Mr. Loisel (different values; although he is tolerant of her behavior and wants to please her)
16SYMBOLSNecklace = greed/desire for what one cannot have, differences in social classes, dishonesty, Mme. L’s ‘fakeness’ or want of material thingsWrap = Mme’s station in life – insecurity- embarrassmentDress = Mr. Loisel’s sacrifice for his wife
17THEME 1. People should be happy with what they have 2. Honesty is the best policy3. You may pay a terrible price for greed and desire (Mme. L’s fatal flaw, her desire for material things, her ‘fakeness’ just like the necklace)
18OTHER LITERARY ELEMENTS Characterization – the author shows what Mme. Loisel is like by concentrating mainly on the way she views her surroundings (daydreams about expensive things/lifestyleIrony – Mme. L borrows a necklace to fit in with the rich people she envies, but the loss of the necklace results in her being poorer than she wasAfter Mme. L loses the necklace & must repay the debt, she endures 10 years of hardship only to find out the necklace is a fakeMme. Loisel’s intense desire for a different life is then equally matched by her intense sufferingForeshadowing - Rue de Martyrs the name of the street and the English word martyr- martyr means a great or constant suffererHer intense unhappiness cannot be lifted with one party invitation
19Exposition—Plot Chart SettingParis, France (1800s)CharactersMme. Loisel– protagonist -- Dynamic CharacterMr LoiselMme ForestierPOV– 3rd person limited
20Narrative HookMme Loisel dreams of luxuries and money
21Rising Action Gets invited to ball Mme Loisel borrows necklace Goes to ball and she feels beautiful
23Falling Action Borrow money to buy new necklace Works for ten years to pay off necklaceMme. Loisel becomes more appreciative and content
24Resolution Mme. Forestier tells Mme. Loisel the necklace was fake!! THEMEYou do not need material things to make you happy
25Literature Journal 1-1: Greed Write about a time when greed has personally affected your life in your 1st paragraph. Who was involved, what happened, and what was the end result? What did you learn from this specific incident? Did it change your perspective or relationship with someone or something in any way? In your 2nd paragraph, discuss where and how you see greed influencing our world in general. Who or what represents greed? Is greed ever a positive thing? How and why?
26Literature Journal 1-2Do you think people still chase after wealth and social status today? How and why? Can you think of someone that has searched for wealth and social status? Then in your second paragraph, discuss some of the dangers and pitfalls one might face when chasing wealth and social status. Also, explain whether or not you personally think the pursuit of wealth and social status is worthwhile.
27Incessant– non-stop“ She suffered incessantly, feeling herself born for all delicacies and luxuries.”
28Chagrin– feeling of embarrassment or annoyance because one has failed or been disappointed“And she wept for whole days from chagrin, from regret, from despair and disappointment”“Then they went from jeweler to jeweler seeking a necklace like the other one, consulting their memories and ill both of them with chargrin and anxiety.”
29Homage – anything given or done to show honor “She danced with enthusiasm, with passion, intoxicated with pleasure, thinking of nothing, and the triumph of beauty, in the glory of her success, in a kind of cloud of happiness that came all of this homage….”
30Vestibule – small entrance room or hall “ Yes I felt it in the vestibule when we came out.”
31Odious- hatefulShe learned the heavy cares of the household the odious care of the kitchen.”
32What type of lifestyle do the Loisel’s have? Modest, not luxurious
33What type of lifestyle does Mdm. Loisel desire? She wants to lead a luxurious lifestyle, full of parties and dresses and jewels
34Why is Mdm. Loisel upset by the invitation to the fancy party? She is upset because she has nothing to wear
35We learn that he is very giving and interested in pleasing his wife What do we learn about the moral character of the husband when he gives his wife the 400 francs that he has saved to buy himself a gun?We learn that he is very giving and interested in pleasing his wife
36After she buys a dress, Mdm. Loisel is still unhappy. Why? She has no jewels.
37Explain the transformation of the Loisels during the ten years it takes them to pay back the debt Your OpinionDynamic CharacterSelfish to More content
38Do you feel sorry for Mdm. Loisel at the end of story? Why or why not? Answers will vary
39Do you feel sorry for Mr. Loisel? Why or why not? Your opinion