Presentation on theme: "Emergence of Labor Unions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Emergence of Labor Unions Workers attempt to have their grievance addressed
2 Typical labor conditions Seven day workweek12 hour daysNo vacation, sick leave, or compensation for injuriesWork related accidents were commonWomen and childrenAverage wage for women: $267Carnegie’s income in 1900: $23 million
3 The Pullman Strike Chicago, 1894 Interior of a Pullman Sleeper Car
4 Pullman Palace Car Company Railway car company owned by George PullmanOver 6,000 workersWorkers had lived in “company town”Rent was 25% higher than other areasPullman, Illinois
5 Origins of the Strike Historical Context: Depression of 1893 Pullman cuts workers’ wagesBut doesn’t cut rent for apartments
7 ARU Supports Pullman Workers American Railway Union is a NATIONAL union of railway workersEugene Debs, ARU leader, decides to support Pullman strikersAcross the nation, railway workers refused to run trains that had Pullman cars attached to themThe country is paralyzed
10 Violence Erupts Presence of Federal troops sets off riots Rioters burn buildings, troops kill 4 and wound 20
11 Close Reading • What claims does the author make Close Reading • What claims does the author make? • What evidence does the author use to support those claims? • How is this document supposed to make me feel? • What words or phrases does the author use to convince me that he/she is right? • What information does the author leave out?
12 End of Strike By August, strike fall apart 1000 union workers fired New workers have to sign contracts promising not to join a unionDebs arrested and jailed for 6 months
15 What role should gvt play? Review Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution.Highlight phrases that could pertain to the appropriate government role in this case.
16 Government Action Munn v. Illinois: Supreme Court Case States win the right to set regulations on the railroadInitiated by midwestern farmers- called “Granger Laws”Wabash Case: Supreme Court Case 1Severely limited the rights of states to control interstate commerceLed to the creation of the Interstate Commerce Act.Interstate Commerce Act: Federal LawEstablished the ICC which enabled the federal govt to regulate RRs.187186
17 Interstate Commerce Act 1887 Gave the federal gvt some power to regulate the RRsSet up the Interstate Commerce Commission (5 members)Weak, difficult to make RRs comply.
18 Sherman Anti-Trust Act 1890 Formation of trusts that interfered with free trade between the states or with other countries was deemed illegal.
19 Analysis of the Homestead Strike Review the timeline in the context of the legislation.Read the docs and answer the questions.SourceContextClose Reading
20 Mary Harris “Mother” Jones “The workers asked only for bread and a shortening of long hours of toil. The agitators gave them visions. The police gave them clubs.”Write an analysis of the quote.