Presentation on theme: "Welcome To Our Parents Phonics Workshop November 2013."— Presentation transcript:
1 Welcome To OurParentsPhonics WorkshopNovember 2013
2 Our aim for tonight...Understand more about what phonics is and how we teach it at schoolTo give you practical ideas on games and activities you can be playing at home with your childrenFor you to feel more confident in supporting us in teaching your child to read letters, words, sentences and texts
3 When do we cover the 6 phases? ReceptionCovers Phases 1, 2 and 3Year 1Covers Phases 4 and 5Year 2Covers Phase 5 and 6
4 Phase One Aspects Environmental sounds Instrumental sounds Body percussionRhythm and rhymeAlliterationVoice soundsOral blending and segmenting7 ASPECTS
5 Environmental Sounds Listening walks (indoors and outdoors) Drumming outdoorsSound lottoSinging phonicsDrumming outdoors with beatersEnvironment sounds lottoSinging phonics, each song supports the different aspects
6 Instrumental Sounds Match the sound Which instrument? Music to story Match the sound, children all have an instrument, teacher plays her instrument and children who have the same respondTeacher plays instrument behind screen and children have to identify which instrumentMusic to story, eg Whatever next
7 Body Percussion Action songs Sounds made by different parts of body Pass the sound around the circleEg stamping, clapping, rubbing hands togetherPass the sound round the circle, eg a clap
8 Rhythm and Rhyme Silly soup game Nursery rhymes and songs Playing with wordsRepetitive storiesI am aking lots of silly soupI am making soup that’s sillyI am going to put it in the fridge to make it nice and chillyWhen rhyme has stopped child holding the bowl to find 2 things that rhymeClapping syllables to pictures eg ladybird and umbrellaRepetitive stories, gingerbread man
9 Alliteration Digging for treasure Same sound sentences Hidden pictures in sand beginning with same letter,Davids dangerous dinosaurs
11 Oral Blending and Segmenting Adult begins to model oral blending e.g. get your h-a-tI spySound talk across the river gameSpell out the word eg p-e-g child who has that object can cross the river
12 Phase One was designed to help children to: Listen attentivelyEnlarge vocabularySpeak confidentlyDiscriminate phonemesReproduce audibly the phonemes they hearAll 7 aspects were designed with the intention of teaching children important basic elements of the letters and sounds program, such as oral segmenting and blending. Although phase one concentrates largely on CLL it also draws on the other areas of the EYFS and provides lots of opportunities to enrich language within the 6 areas
13 Phase 2 Is the start of systematic phonic work. Begins the understanding of grapheme- phoneme correspondence.Understand that words are constructed from phonemes and that phonemes are represented by graphemes.
14 We all need to use the same language at home and at school. PhonemesA Phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word.satpinmdgockckeurhbffflllssPronouncing the phonemes correctly is very important.eg the letter s is pronounced sssss and not suh.We all need to use the same language at home and at school.
15 Next steps … Children then begin to blend for reading. Starting with simple vc (vowel consonant) words e.g at, it, isThen to cvc (consonant vowel consonant) words e.g dog, cat, man
16 BlendingChildren recognise and say the letter sounds in a written word, for example:s-a-tby merging or ‘blending’ them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word ‘sat’.
17 Segmenting Activity How many phonemes in each word? sh- e- l- shelf f dresse-ss4 phonemessprints-p-r-i-n-6 phonemests-t-r-i-stringng5 phonemes
18 Tricky Words Words that are not phonically decodable. e.g. was, the, I.Some are ‘tricky’ to start with but will become decodable once we have learned the harder phonemes.e.g. out, there.
19 Phase 2 Tricky WordsDuring Phase 2 the following tricky words are introduced.thetoInogointo
20 Phase 3Completes the teaching of the alphabet and children move onto sounds represented by more than 1 letter.DIGRAPHS – 2 letters that make 1 soundll ss zz oa aiTRIGRAPHS – 3 letters that make 1 soundigh air
21 Phase 3 Phonemes j v w y z zz qu ch sh th ai ee igh oa oo ar or ur ow ngaieeighoaooarorurowoiearairureer
22 Phase 3 Tricky WordsDuring Phase 3 the following tricky words are introduced.heshewemebewasyoutheyallaremyher
23 Make it fun and in short, sharp bursts! Play lots of sound and listening gameswith your child. For example…I spy.Make duplicate sounds and play pairs… matching games.Stick sounds on items that start with that letter sound.At home, on car journeys, outings ask children to find as many things they can that start with a sound chosen.Let them hear sounds… sound talk to them. “Fetch me yourc-oa-t”!Read as much as possible to and with your child.Encourage and praise – get them to have a ‘good guess’.Make it fun and in short, sharp bursts!
24 Phase 4In Phase 4, no new phonemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk.Phase 4 is started at the beginning of Year 1, but may be covered at the end of Reception and recapped at the start of Y1.
25 Phase 4 Tricky Words During Phase 4 the following tricky words are introduced.weretherelittleonewhenoutwhatsaidhavelikesodosomecome
26 Phase 5In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.Phase 5 is a long unit, taught throughout Year 1 and at the beginning of Year 2.
27 Phase 5 Tricky Words During Phase 5 the following tricky words are introduced.ohtheirpeopleMrMrslookedcalledaskedcould
28 Game Ideas Shooting Stars Pick sounds you are working on or have worked on.Write the graphemes on cards and give out. Sit in a circle, call out words and if the child has the grapheme that matches the phomeme in the word they must come and sit in the chair.
29 Countdown s g n t ai r h p e Have a focus phoneme. Give children a selection of sounds.Give the children one minute to make asmany words as they can.sgntairhpe
30 Word Sort Games y for ‘ee’ y for ‘igh’ y for ‘y’ y for ‘i’ plenty familypuppysimplymywhysatisfyyesyetsynthetic
31 The Name Gamea eHave a focus phoneme. Ask the children to find words containing the phoneme that fit into the category. Gain one point for every name they spell correctly.CountryFruitBoy’s nameGirl’s nameWalesGrapeJamesJane
32 Phase 6At this point children are now reading to learn and reading for pleasure. They become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.Children are introduced to the adding of suffixes eg ing, ed, er, est, ly.Children are encouraged to develop strategies for learning spellings eg base words, breaking words into syllables, mnemonics and analogy (to learn a word use a word that is already learnt).Children will learn to read and spell the next 200 high frequency words.