Presentation on theme: "Phonics and reading How is it taught?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Phonics and reading How is it taught? What should I expect my child to know?How can I help my child at home?
2 Phase 1Children are taught to distinguish between the sounds that they hearThey play games to develop their listening skillsThey learn rhymes and songsThey play oral blending games
3 Phase 2 Children are taught the sounds that single letters make Grapheme- what it looks likePhoneme- what it sounds likeBy the end of phase 2 children can read VC and CVC wordsit, an, on, is, at etc.Cat, tip, pot, dad, hat etc.
4 Phase 2 ‘Tricky words’Alongside the ‘sounding out’ words children are taught to recognise some words that they cannot read using phonicsI no go to the
5 Phase 3 Children are introduced to digraphs and trigraphs A digraph is a phoneme (sound) made by 2 letters togetherA trigraph is a phoneme made by 3 letters together
6 Phase 3By the end of phase 3 children can read words containing the graphemes;ai ee oa oo th sh ch ng or ur er ow oi qu zz ll ssIgh ure ear airThey can now read a wider range of words such as; night, feet, beard, boat, now, chair etc.
7 Phase 3 ‘Tricky words’The tricky words that children are taught to read in phase 3 are;all, they, she, he, we, me, my, was, you are herChildren are also expected to spell phase 2 tricky words correctlyI no go to the
8 Phase 4 There are no new graphemes in this phase. This phase focuses on hearing consonant clusters in words e.g. smart frog just help fromTricky words in phase 4 are; said have like so do some come were therelittle one when out what
9 Phase 5Children are taught new graphemes; ay ie oy aw wh ph ew oe au eyAnd the split digraphs; i_e e_e o_e u_e a_eThe tricky words are; oh their people Mr Mrs looked called asked could
10 Phase 5Also in phase 5 children are taught that the graphemes they have learnt may make different phonemes.This phase takes A LONG TIME!!!For example a child in phase 3 can read cow but not blow- in phase 5 they will learn that ‘ow’ can make two different sounds
11 A quick practise! Use your knowledge of phonics to read the words; anaphylaxisagencywaterprecipitationWhat did you need to know in order to read these words?
12 How do we teach new graphemes? For 20 minutes each day the children across EYFS and KS1 work on the phase they are on in small groups.During each session the children will read and write tricky words, the graphemes they are learning as well as revisit ones they know alreadyWe play games too!
13 Games you can play at home Sound buttonsBuried treasurePhoneme fingersFlashcardsPhoneme framesLog on toLog on tothis site has a literacy section where you can find phonics activities
14 Your child can read and write! A couple of do’s and don’tsDO- allow your child time to decode- even if it’s a little frustrating!- support them by telling them the first sound- tell them words that they could not be expected to decode, or if they have forgotten the tricky word- let them finish the sentence- then work out for themselves if what they said made sense- give lots of praise and encouragement- repeat the sentence they have read back to themDON’T- rush your child or tell them they know this word!