Can you read this? The highest form of phonemic awareness is Pig Latin !!
TELIAN MNEMONIC READING PROGRAM – Lively Letters A Prescriptive Reading Program that can be Customized for each Student
Why Use Telian Mnemonic Reading ? Telian utilizes imagery and mnemonics (creative memory tricks) to teach letter sound associations and syllable dividing rules. Sound/symbol associations are taught through “partner sounds” – voiced/voiceless pairs. Studies have shown that gains are greater when mnemonic techniques are used while teaching difficult concepts (such as phonics and syllabication), especially for those students with learning weaknesses. (Mastropieri and Scruggs, 1991.)
Average Grade Level Gains The chart below illustrates the results from the 1 st pilot study done in Boston - TLC Reading done 30-45 minutes daily for 30 sessions (6 weeks) - 1, 2, or 3 students in a group including cognitively delayed, visually impaired, bilingual, and dyslexic students)
RESEARCH SHOWS: To be a good reader, you must successfully and simultaneously use 3 skills: Sound out words (phonics) Recognize words immediately (sight words) Read for meaning (comprehension) A deficiency in any one of these areas could severely impair an individual’s overall reading ability.
STATISTICS – Why you need to teach Telian ! 1 in every 5 children is Dyslexic (YALE Children’s Study) According to NIH research, 80 percent of children with a Learning Disability have dyslexia. Dyslexia is the most common learning disability, however only 1 in 10 children with dyslexia will qualify for SPED. The ability to sound out words and spell words depends on the ability to hear and discriminate sounds – to identify, count, and order sounds An estimated 30% of our population as weak auditory processing skills which lead to:
“ROAST” R eading/Spelling Errors Reversals – brit / birt Omissions – brit / bit Additions – brit / brint Substitutions – brit / drit Transpositions – brit / trib (was/saw on/no)
WHAT ROAST ERROR(s) do you see? WORD / WORD READ was saw down brown crib crid baby daddy on no bet bat bent bet bet best bat tab bat at stab bast babies baby bird bride
Why Use Nonsense Words (ALIENS) When Teaching Phonics ???? Rules out “guessing” at words Rules out child already knowing the word by sight Lets you know exactly which ROAST errors are being made by the child
MUSTS for Telian Teach the child to be a good “detective” - tell the child to always be on the lookout for sounds and word parts that will trick him – he must keep his eyes open wide and look for clues. Teach child to track sounds by using his finger every time a word is decoded or encoded – teacher should model this process – helps with visual tracking Teach the child to blend sounds by “holding” the vowel sounds Use ROAST in every lesson Teach decoding and encoding in every lesson by using the following phrases:
“If this says ______________, what would this say?” (decoding) “If this says ______________, make it say __________________.” (encoding)
BEGINNING TELIAN Cut out stories and adhere to back of classroom- sized cards Cut magnetic tape strips and put on back of cards – classroom size and small cards Begin by tracking consonant sounds – use finger to track, ROAST errors, decoding / encoding
Beginning Your Lesson Teach consonants first (in pairs) – about 6 before introducing a vowel for the first time ! Day 1: /b / and /p/ Day 1: /d / and /t/ Day 2: /m/ and /n/ Day 2: Add /a/
REVERSALS of b and d Show the 2 letters b and d – have students tell the story of each and explain how they are different – have the students discriminate by being good detectives (use finger to track to know where you hit the letter first – lip or tummy) b d d b d b d d d b b d b d b b BEGIN DECODING / ENCODING with consonants introduced: If this says b d t, what would this say – “b d p”. If this says b d p, make it say “t b p”.
VOWELS When you first introduce a vowel - /a/ - tell the students the story – “Vowels love to talk, talk, talk !! They love to hear themselves, so when they talk, they hold their sounds a long time. /a a a a a a a/ Next, have the students blend sounds, holding the vowel sounds – ab ma at an na ad
Short and Long Vowels Short Vowels Short Vowels VC and CVC words Different from consonants - love to talk for a long time “SLIDE” Game for blending “PUSH-UP” Game KICKER E Start with “e” at the end of a word – CVCe words Move to “e” next to a vowel – ie, oe, ue, ee, and ae CVVC, CCVVC, CCVVCC, CCCVVCCC 2 Vowels Go Walking ai, ei, ea, oa
CLOSED SYLLABLES – VC / CVC/VCC When a vowel is at the beginning of a word or has a consonant on both sides, he is scared and crouches down low – he becomes very short and says his short sound. ob mis con ex un in ab and fab
Do A LOT of Work with CVC and CVCe words Fluency checks with word lists / Games / Cards – Mnemonic and Non-Mnemonic bike bik rad rade mif mife fil file tim time buv buve tin tine liv live rip ripe
Aliens vs. Humans ALIENSHUMANS wave nute wav nut chipe hen chip hene cak mop cake mope
READ ALIEN READ ALIEN He hust his velt. He hust his velt. Delp is in the pask. Delp is in the pask. Wint you be a tasp? Wint you be a tasp? Can you lesp or bint? Can you lesp or bint? We will visk the yond. We will visk the yond.
ALIEN STORIES The tipe ate a nip of blip at the rone. He sake the map in a tap of buns. It was a hute of a sap from a sale ! Yike the sad, fat, rave of a man with a mane !
Kicker “e” beside a vowel meet seed teen weed tie pie smie spies glue true blue spued ee, ie, ue, oe ee, ie, ue, oe
2 VOWELS GO WALKING ai ea oa ay may boar loan meat rain taip aim team ear groan lay stray
DOUBLE CONSONANTS DOUBLE CONSONANTS – Beginning to break up multi-syllabic words (The Twins) BREAK THEM UP !!!! BREAK THEM UP !!!! batter rabbit lesson buddy committee clobber carrot Then decide if the vowel is happy or scared.
Double Consonants vs. One Consonant batter bater mopped moped pinned pined babbled babled riddle ridle I teach this differently – I have the child look for Kicker “e” – if there is only 1 consonant in front of “e”, then he can kick the vowel, but if there are 2 – he is scared and just hides !!!
“Y” as a Vowel Y is the ACTOR of all the letters !!! Y is the ACTOR of all the letters !!! When Y is anywhere other than at the beginning of a word – he ACTS like a vowel. Y at the end of a short word (1 syllable) Y at the end of a short word (1 syllable) Y at the end of a long word (2 or more syllables) Y at the end of a long word (2 or more syllables) Y in the middle of a short word Y in the middle of a short word
Y Y at the end of a short word (1 syllable) cry my bry fly shy smy try by hy
Y Y at the end of a LONG word (2 syllable or more) happy tacky misty mossy rocky treaty shoddy lacey mitty junky study monkey
Y Y in the Middle gym cyst crypt hymn myth lynch
SOFT C and SOFT G If “e”, “i,”, or “y” come after “c”, the sound is usually soft -- /s/ center cyclone cid If “e”, “i,”, or “y” come after “g”, the sound is usually soft -- /j/ gym gyro germ gibberish
OPEN SYLLABLES - CV, CCV OPEN: As long as a vowel is by himself at the end of a syllable, he is HAPPY and yells out his name ! pre de pro tri re be
CONSONANT “le” When a word ends in “le” – count backward “1, 2, 3” and divide. rifle tumble fable giggle stifle bundle
Rule for Dividing Multi-Syllabic Words You can count the vowel sounds you hear in a word to decide how many syllables there are or you can put your hand under your chin and “feel” the syllables as your chin hits your hand. If a vowel is followed by one consonant – divide the word right after the vowel. traded - tra/ded prepare - pre/pare uniform - u/ni/form If the vowel is followed by more than 1 consonant, divide the word between the consonants. conduct – con/duct mentor – men/tor combust – com/bust distumplet – dis/tum/plet
EASIEST WAY to divide Multisyllabic Words Go to the 2 nd vowel, jump back one, & divide – then do for the next vowel to the right if there is another vowel in the word. (Where is the mirror???) dentist bifocal tornado appendex predentation
FOR Longer Words ….. Go to the last vowel, jump back 1 and split – do for all vowels in front of the last one. proceeding hypodermic profession contender enchantment commentate fermenting absolutely excitement
Words with “ed” endings “ted”is“ded” woun/ded punted ran/ked spilled lan/ded grou/ted banded rumbled graded
REMEMBER ……. Use Mnemonic Cards to introduce new sounds and to firm up sounds/phonic rules Do in different ways – magnetic board, individual cards, pocket chart, individual organizers Move to regular letter cards when student has mastered the sounds/rules Practice ALIEN/HUMAN words in isolated words, sentences, & paragraphs. Do fluency checks weekly.
NOW NOW - --- Can you read these words ??? sembopauddin nowpolepsee hoonerdorshun jebbulating chiggernautic winnobaded quorpinnetted thimopowllin