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Phonics Lessons Chapter 5 Cohen & Cowan
Sight Words High Frequency List Instant Words: First 100 (Fry) 50% of material we read (1-25 = 1/3 of written material) Many are irregularly spelled or pronounced
Sight Word Strategies Labeling Visual configuration Shared literacy experiences Games Story context Daily routines
Word Identification strategies used only with unfamiliar words Focus on common patterns Phonic Structural Syllabic
Phonic Analysis Letters Vowels (long,short) Consonants Consonant blends (sm, sll, br, spr) Consonant digraphs (sh, th, ph, wh) CVC, CVCe
Nonsense words dalk, sait, quare, clape, jouse, befuse (You are familiar with the vowel patterns and can apply them)
Vowel Sounds “E” end - short feet-long made-silent eat-comined with a for long e fern-r-controlled
Vowel Patterns Long sounds CVCe - Fate, game Digraphs (oa, ea, ee, ai, oy) 2 vowels walking, second does the talking) Single vowel at end of syllable usually long (me/ter, be, ti/ger, lo/co/mo/tive)
Vowels….cont. Short vowels CVC rule Bit, tin, top, fat, thin Vowel digraphs (one sound, 2 vowels) ay-dayey - monkey ai - baitoa - boat ee- feetau - haul
Vowels…cont. Dipthongs (vowel blends - 2 sounds) oi - foilou - our, loud, house oy - boyow - growl R-controlled = blend barfernhorn carbirdworm farmtornguard
Vowels … cont. “y” at end of word with no other vowel Has long “I” sound Sky, my, try, shy “y” at end of word with 2 syllables - has long “e” sound - country, happy, sorry
Structural Analysis prefixes suffixes roots
Inflectional Endings Plurals Boy, boys Half, halves Church, churches Cry, cries Possessives Man, man’s Children, children’s
Inflectional endings … cont. CVC - double final consonant (ed, ing) bat - batting hit - hitting CVCe (ed, ing) hop - hoping tape - taping
Inflectional endings … cont. Comparative forms fast, faster, fastest log, longer, longest Compound words cowboy firehouse sometimes nowhere
Structural Analysis Prefixes un-in- bi-dis- multi-non- pre-re- pro-semi- post-sub- Suffixes -ful-tion -less-sion -ment-able -ship-ness -ous -ward
Syllabication Syllables = vowel sounds (Enclose, defeat, break) VC/CV (hap/pen, nar/row) VC/CV (pen/cil, cac/tus) VCV (fa/tal, to/tal, pa/per, o/ver)
Onset-Rime Phonics Approach -ake(take, cake, make, bake, fake) -oad(load, toad, road) -ide(ride, tide, bide, hide, side) -uck(duck, luck, truck) -ue(blue, glue, true) -ay(hay, bay, say, day, may)
37 High-frequency Spelling Patterns ackaililliporeunk ameanateestainank atawiceinitot ellakeapayideine ightockuckaleasheat inkickingokeug op ump
The Study of Words Cohen and Cowan Chapter 5. Key Terms Automaticity Fluency Decode Sight words High-frequency words Phonic patterns Structural patterns.
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