Presentation on theme: "Foniks or Phonics?. Wellcum too the fonicks wurckshop. I hoap theat yoo ar beegining two undirstand hou a chighld fealls wen thai ar lerning tue reed."— Presentation transcript:
Foniks or Phonics?
Wellcum too the fonicks wurckshop. I hoap theat yoo ar beegining two undirstand hou a chighld fealls wen thai ar lerning tue reed.
Welcome to the phonics workshop. I hope that you are beginning to understand how a child feels when they are learning to read.
Phonics at a glance phonics is made up of skills of segmentation and blending knowledge of the alphabetic code +
Some definitions A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word.
Grapheme: Letter(s) representing a phoneme. taiigh
Phonics consists of: identifying sounds in spoken words recognising the common spellings of each phoneme blending phonemes into words for reading segmenting words into phonemes for spelling
Phonemes and graphemes Phonemes are represented by graphemes. A grapheme may consist of one (t), two (kn) or more letters (igh). A phoneme can be represented/spelt in more than one way: cat, kennel, choir. The same grapheme may represent more than one phoneme: me, met.
Enunciation Teaching phonics requires a technical skill in enunciation Phonemes should be articulated clearly and precisely
Letters and Sounds: The phonics resource for EYFS & KS1 Six phase teaching programme
Some definitions Blending: Recognising the letter-sounds in a written word, for example c-u-p, sh-ee-p and merging or synthesising them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the words ‘cup’ and ‘sheep’.
Some definitions Segmenting: Identifying the individual sounds in a spoken word (eg h-i-m, s-t- or-k) and writing down or manipulating letters for each sound (phoneme) to form the word ‘him’ or ‘stork’.
Segmenting How many phonemes? WORDPHONEMES cup rain sheep blink straw straight
Some definitions Digraph: Two letters, which make one phoneme. A consonant digraph contains two consonants: shckthll ch A vowel digraph contains at least one vowel: ai ee ar oy
Consonant digraphs ll ss ff zz hill, mess, puff, fizz sh ch th wh ship, chat, thin, whip ng qu ck sing, quick
Some definitions Split digraph: A digraph in which the two letters are not adjacent – e.g. make
Some definitions Trigraph: Three letters, which make one phoneme. igh dge
Model for daily discrete teaching of phonic skills and knowledge REVISIT AND REVIEW Recently and previously learned grapheme-phoneme correspondences, or blending and segmenting skills as appropriate TEACH New grapheme-phoneme correspondences; skills of blending and segmenting PRACTISE New grapheme-phoneme correspondences; skills of blending and segmenting APPLY New knowledge and skills while reading/writing