VOWELSCONSONANTS b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z
EACH ALPHABET HAS A NAME AND A SOUND OF ITS OWN Name of the Alphabet A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i Sound of the Alphabet A a as in apple B b as in bat C c as in cat D d as in dog E e as in elephant F f as in fan G g as in gate H h as in hat I i as in in k
Name of the Alphabet J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r S s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z Sound of the Alphabet J j as in jug K k as in kite L l as in lamp M m as in mango N n as in nest O o as in orange P p as in pen Q q as in quilt R r as in rat S s as in sun T t as in tap U u as in umbrella V v as in van W w as in water X x as in x’mas Y y as in yoyo Z z as in zoo
WHY DO WE USE SOUNDS OF ALPHABETS FOR READING FOR WORD BUILDING TO MAKE READING EASIER
COMBINING VOWELS WITH CONSONANTS TO BUILD WORDS cat pin bug dog hut pet man hen cot dig box run tap bus
Word Families Vowels + t at, et, it, ot, ut Vowels + n an, en, in, un Vowels + b ab, eb, ib, ob, ub Vowels + g ag, eg, ig, og, ug Vowels + p ap, ip, op, up Vowels + x ax, ix, ox, ux
SIGHT WORDS ARE THOSE WORDS – THAT CANNOT BE BROKEN DOWN ARE READ WITH THE NAME OF THE ALPHABETS ARE TAUGHT USING THE WHOLE WORD APPROACH
HOW TO HELP YOUR CHILD READ BETTER Identification, recognition and association of ‘phonic sounds’. Using word families and rhyming words Reading aloud from the ‘Reader’. Oral dictation of words. Written dictation of words. Using sight words to build sentences.
CONSTRUCTION OF SENTENCES Construction of sentences orally. Copying the sentences from the Blackboard. Construction of sentences on their own.
COMBINATION SOUNDS sh – shut, ship, shop, shell cash, fish, rush, etc. ch - chat, chin, chop, chill bench, lunch etc.
ListeningSpeakingReadingWriting Being able to listen to simple words and sentences. Understanding simple questions. Listening to simple rhymes, poems andstories. Understanding simple instructions. Understanding oral commands and requests. Understanding simple expressions in familiar situations. Concentrating on conversation. Reciting simple rhymes, poems, songs in groups with actions and expressions. Answering simple and short questions. Conveying expressions in social situations. Talking about oneself and describing simple situations in the social environment. Clarity of speech and right pronunciation. Fluency in language. Recognising letters of the alphabet from Aa to Zz. Reading simple words and short sentences. Right pronunciation. Meanings of simple words Picture reading- observational skill. Reading of-blends, double sounds, combination sounds, phonic words, sight words. Reading readiness. Developing correct reading habits. Writing simple strokes. Writing letters of alphabet-capital print (upper case), print (lower case). Forming and writing 2 to 6 letter words. Writing short sentences. Practice copy writing from the black board and the textbook. Taking dictation of simple words. Finally …….