2 HELP! I need somebody!Think of a time when you helped someone in need or someone helped you OR a time when you did NOT render help and wish you had. Give a brief summary of the incident then answer the following analysis questions:What was your/their motivation (why was help rendered?)?What was the result?What would have happened if help was not rendered?Did anyone else offer help? Why/why not?
3 EpicUnknown authorThe national epic of England (first work to be composed in English)A long heroic poem, about a great legendary warrior renowned for his courage, strength, and dignity.
4 The Beowulf Poet Christian; reflects established tradition Allusions to the Old TestamentBeowulf is a Redeemer who is sent by God to save man from sin:Christ archetype: Correspondences between Beowulf’s death and the death of ChristThe price of salvation is life itself
5 The Epic Hero Defeats his enemies using A man of high social status whose fate affects the destiny of his peopleThe Epic HeroDefeats his enemies usingPhysical strengthSkill as a warriorNobility of characterQuick witsIs not modest – boasting is a ritualEmbodies the ideals and values of his peopleIs eager for fameBecause the Germanic tribes believed death was inevitable, warriors sought fame to preserve the memory of their deeds after death
6 Indirect Characterization (Include Line #) GRENDEL’S CHARACTERDirect CharacterizationIndirect Characterization (Include Line #)Beowulf’s CHARACTER
7 Heroic Values in Beowulf Relationship between king and his warriorsThe king rewards his warriors with giftsIf a kinsman is slain, obligation to kill the slayer or obtain payment (wergeld) in compensation
8 Beowulf on Twitter How would Beowulf react to the arrival? Complete at least 1 tweet for “The Coming of Beowulf”Don’t forget the symbol and the followers!
9 Epic ElementsMost epics are serious in tone and lofty in style, a technique meant to convey the importance of the events. Long speeches by the characters suggest an impressive formality.Use of kennings
10 Kennings Battle SUV/ Old Cars A kenning is a poetic renaming for a simpler, more concrete noun; for example, storm of swords is a kenning forExamples of modern day kenning: gas guzzlerBattleSUV/Old Cars
12 Prepositional Phrases KenningsCompound WordsPrepositional PhrasesPossessivesSky-candleWhale-roadRing-giverGold-ringedBattle dewSea stallionWolf of woundsWinters of griefShepard of evilStorm of swordsGuardian of the peoplePath of the seaSeabird’s bathOcean’s faceHeaven’s joyArrow’s stormWater’s chainBattle’s torch
14 Summarize—in your own words, define a kenning and an appositive phrase. Give an example of each—turn in before you leave
15 ThemesGood vs. EvilForces of darkness—irrational and menacing—are always at work in societyLife is a continuing struggleActions speak louder than wordsJudge the greatness of a human by the greatness of his deeds and noble ancestryHelp thy neighborTo be loyal is to selflessly make sacrifices for a loved one.
16 Conflict Christian Values and Heroic Values This tension is at the heart of the poemPagan history and myth are made to point to a Christian moralBeowulf is poised between two value systems
17 Mix of pagan and Christian Values Fate vs. choice of good and evilMythological monsters vs. references to God and Jesus
18 An Epic reflects the values of the culture that produced it An Epic reflects the values of the culture that produced it. Complete this chart and draw a conclusion about Anglo-Saxon tastes and values.FeatureWhy is it pleasing?What values are reflected?Boastful speechesMakes the hero seem superhumanGreat heroLots of actionGood Triumphs over evilAnglo Saxons had a _________________ culture. What details reveal the importance of pagan warrior values in Beowulf such as a belief in fate, a taste of boasting, a pride in loyalty, and a desire for fame?
19 Extra Credit Assignment Peer Evaluation: Student nameEpic chosenPresentation EvaluationScale of 1 (awful)-10 (great)Substantial commentAfter watching the presentations, answer the following question: Why are epics used to preserve values and traditions?
20 Epic Hero Cycle Element Example The main character is a hero, who is often possessed of super natural abilities or qualitiesThe hero is charged with a quest (call to Adventure)“Crossing the Threshold” Moving from the known to the unknownThe hero is tested, often to prove the worthiness of himself and his questPHYSICAL, MENTAL, EMOTIONALThe presence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, and/or human helpers and companionsThe hero’s travels take him to a supernatural world, often one that normal human beings are barred from enteringThe cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeatedA resurrectionAchieving the goal or the “boon”Restitution. Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place on the throne. Return to the ordinary worldApplying the “boon”Epic Hero Cycle