Breaking news Hudson River plane crashplane crash Fort Hood shooting Hurricane Irene Aurora theater shooting
Twitter use More than 175 million users.175 million users Up from 58 million in 2009. Adding 370,000 a day!
Twitter as a news source News travels fast. Osama bin Laden’s death: 12.4 million tweets an hour. Sense of immediacy.
How journalists use it Provide real time news. Engage audiences, create community. Connect with people, sources. Develop personal brands. Link to their work. Crowd source content. Get questions answered.
More ways to use Twitter Interviews – “Man on street” Interviews Newspapers – Use Twitter to link to stories Newspapers NYTimes on Twitter Curate with Storify – Neil Armstrong + Hurricane IreneNeil ArmstrongHurricane Irene Humor/news – Top 17 D.C. quake tweets + Pizza in newsroomsTop 17 D.C. quake tweetsPizza in newsrooms
Understand Twitter terms RT – Retweet (Repost someone else’s message) Automatic retweets cannot modify the message MT – you have retweeted a tweet but modified it. DM – Direct Message (Private message sent to a specific person) # - Hashtag Precedes a keyword and makes it easier to search for particular topics
Understand Twitter terms @Reply -- a tweet sent in direct response to another tweet. (@ followed by their Twitter name) Your @reply message will only show up in your followers tweet timelines if they also are following the person to whom you sent the reply. If they are following you, but not following the person you replied to, they won't see your reply tweet.
Understand Twitter terms How to get all of your followers to see?
Understand Twitter terms Place a period before @username. Or post a direct tweet, but use the @username somewhere other than the beginning. Be judicious with @reply tweets.
Using hashtags Automatically groups tweets identified with that hashtag, making topic search easy. Great way to share information at conferences, events and during breaking news. Find out if an event has an official hashtag; if not, you can create one. You can save searches, to make it easy to review.
Live tweeting tips Consider your live twitter stream a story – it needs a beginning, middle and end. The first tweet should announce to your followers that you’ll be live tweeting. Describe briefly what you’ll be covering.
Once the event begins, be sure you have an opening tweet that sets the stage – location, what is happening, what is expected, etc.
Live tweeting tips Cover the event on Twitter just as you would a story. You wouldn’t write a story that includes everything that was said at a meeting or event. Be discerning – use your reporting instincts to decide what is relevant and pertinent. You only want to report the highlights.
Live tweeting tips Be a careful observer and have an eye open for novel and important information that might be relevant to your audience.
Live tweeting tips Each tweet should cover one point at a time. Think subjects, verbs (like headlines). You can drop articles for space. Strive to make each an understandable, self- contained message.
Live tweeting tips Use good grammar. Punctuate for clarity. Don’t over-abbreviate – if message too long consider using a follow-up tweet to clarify
Live tweeting tips Be useful – provide information or insight. Be judicious about your links.
Live tweeting tips Always be professional. Avoid using exclamation points, emoticons, jargon and slang (including LOL)
Live tweeting tips Try to be consistent and concise in how you use attribution.
Encourage the conversation But be courteous when using others hashtags and don’t flood them with tweets. They consider it “spam” when you over tweet on their “line” or “frequency.”
Encourage the conversation Good idea several times during the course of your live feed to repeat a summary tweet that tells new followers who have joined what you are covering live. In that tweet, you could also include other hashtags that might be interested.
Encourage the conversation Try to watch for responses or direct messages to get reader comments and questions. Retweet or respond when it’s appropriate.
Using hashtags When selecting a hashtag for a live event, try to keep it short and relevant. But be sure to explain it well in any promotional tweets and when you begin the live tweet. And be sure to use it in every single tweet.
Nuts and bolts Correcting tweets: If notice a typo, delete and retweet. If a factual error, correct with new tweet and delete the original.
Nuts and bolts If using a phone, make sure your battery is fully charged; take charger in case. Arrive early to scope out best location – locate power supply. Be sure to check out Wi-Fi access beforehand.
Do your prep work Find out before the event as much as you can. Interview people, if necessary, to get background info. If it’s a speech, can you get an advanced digital copy?
Be Cautious Source of breaking news but be cautious.
Ethics still apply Verify before you Tweet. Verify before you Tweet Admit what you don’t know. Credit what you’re using. Remember it’s public. Tweets can be libelous. Tweets can be libelous
Your assignment Live tweeting practice assignment due in your Dropbox folder Sept. 4. Once you have tweeted, you will need to copy and paste your tweets into a Word document in Dropbox, but also bring in a printout to class. http://unlnnn.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/live-tweet- examples.pdf http://unlnnn.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/live-tweet- examples.pdf
See what journalists are doing Muck Rack is compiled of real-time Twitter activity by journalists. See what journalists are reading, following and talking about. The site is searchable by news organization, tweets, links and photos. Muck Rack
Study live tweeting examples WaPo live tweeter CoJMC immigration forum @TBD D.C. death The Lede on Twitter Storify @BreakingNews
Resources Mashable’s guide Twitter for Journalists 20 Tips for Journalists 10,000 Words Twitter etiquette 10 commandments Twitter for newsrooms #TfN