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MLA Parenthetical Documentation in a Research Paper Mr. Parker.

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Presentation on theme: "MLA Parenthetical Documentation in a Research Paper Mr. Parker."— Presentation transcript:

1 MLA Parenthetical Documentation in a Research Paper Mr. Parker

2 What is parenthetical documentation?  Parenthetical Documentation: documenting the source of research information in parentheses  Parenthetical Documentation includes the author’s last name and page number unless it is not given—then a title is used  Example: According to many students, Sequoyah High School is “the best high school in the county” (Smith 6).

3 Parenthetical Documentation  Use of author’s names: always use an author’s last name after every quote, summary or paraphrase of information from a research source (unless no author is provided then use title)

4 How do you set up a research quote, paraphrase, or summary citation?  Include the following: Lead-in: Introduce the quote, paraphrase or summary Quote, paraphrase or summary: Include the research information Citation: Give the author’s last name and page number in parentheses

5 Two ways to use author’s names:  Mention author in lead- in: According to Smith’s article, “Sequoyah is the best school in the county” (6).  Mention author in citation: Many students say that “Sequoyah is the best school in the county” (Smith 6).

6 Citation with no author  If there is no author given: substitute the name of the author with the title—italicize if it is a book; put in quotation marks if it is an article  Article Example: Many people admire the “brilliant education that is offered at Sequoyah High School” (“100 Top High Schools”).  Book Example: Georgia has many fine schools (Education in Georgia).

7 Use of a block quote  If quote is four lines or longer, you must set it up as a block quote  Example: Smith argues the following about Sequoyah High School: One can admire the brilliant education that is offered at Sequoyah High School. The teachers care about the students and there is a true atmosphere of learning and collaboration. The school has a small-town feel. All of the teachers know the students by name. (6)

8 All other types of citations  If you have a corporate author, more than one author, or any other unusual source— look up Owl Purdue MLA Handbook online under “In-Text Citations” 


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