Presentation on theme: "MLA Citations 1.Format of Paper 2.Parenthetical Citations 3.Works Cited Note- Update for MLA 2009, titles are no longer underlined- only italicized."— Presentation transcript:
MLA Citations 1.Format of Paper 2.Parenthetical Citations 3.Works Cited Note- Update for MLA 2009, titles are no longer underlined- only italicized.
What you need to know: There are strict rules to formatting Documentation will take TWO forms in your final paper: In the Works Cited section, where all sources should be listed alphabetically Within the text of your essay, where parentheses show the readers where you found each piece of information
Rules for Formatting your Essay in MLA 12 pt Times New Roman 1 inch margins all around Use a running header (Last name & page number) Spacing- EVERYTHING is double-spaced including your Works Cited Page. Heading- Double-spaced and in this order: Name Teacher Name (The person evaluating your work) Class (Name and period) Date (9 January 2012) No title page is needed!!
Sample Heading & Format Notice that there is NO extra space between the heading, title, and text.
Parenthetical Citations The parenthetical citations direct readers to the full bibliographic citations listed in the Works Cited, located at the end of the document. In most cases, the parenthetical citations include the author's last name and the specific page number for the information cited. Following guidelines need to be followed in the essay.
If the author's name is not used in the sentence introducing the source material, then include the author's last name in the parenthetical citation before the page number(s). Note that no comma appears between the author's name and the page number(s). Also period goes at the end of the citation. (Poe 356). How to cite the author and page number
Citing more than four authors like your history text book. If a source has four or more authors, include the first author's last name followed by et al. (Latin for and others), either in the text or in the parenthetical citation. Example According to Appleby et al., states have… (Appleby et al. 318).
When no author is identified such as a web site If a source does not include an author's name, substitute the title or an abbreviated title in the text or parenthetical citation. Italicize if the source is a book; if the source is an article, use quotation marks Example ( “ States Rights ” )
Writing your Works Cited Page You start your Works Cited on a NEW PAGE. Center your title All entries are in alphabetical order All entries need the second line indented five spaces. Check out the sample on the following slide.
Sample Works Cited Format Notice that there is no bold title or single spacing. Be sure to indent the second line for each entry and end with a period.
Citing a Book with more than one author Lastname, Firstname. First Last2. First Last3. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Example- Fill in the missing blanks. Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, ____________, ________. The American Journey. New ____: McGraw ___, 200__. Print.
Citing a Live PowerPoint Presentation. Author/Lecturer (Last, First ). “ Title of Presentation ”. PowerPoint presentation. Place. City, State. Date. Example: Mrs. Lee. “ Your Historical Research Essay. ” PowerPoint presentation. Bolsa Grande High School. Garden Grove, CA. 15 December 2011 IF citing a PowerPoint from the Internet, you would need to include the date accessed and the URL.
Citing a Web Site (Advanced) Online document Author's name (last name, first). “ Document title. ” Web Site Title. Date of Internet publication. Sponsoring Organization. Date of access. Example “ States Rights. ” The Civil War Explorer The Civil War Preservation Trust. 22 May ? ?
Conclusion Formatting rules make papers uniform and easy to read. The ability to verify facts through proper citation of sources is essential to good scholarship. You ’ re ready to publish. Make sure you read your essay before you turn it in.