Presentation on theme: "Unit Three Sports Heroes. determine She determined to go that very afternoon. My mom's encouragement determined me to go on with my study. determine on/upon."— Presentation transcript:
determine She determined to go that very afternoon. My mom's encouragement determined me to go on with my study. determine on/upon be determined to do He was determined to win the game.
at the cost of 以。。。。为代价 He saved the baby at the cost of his life. at all costs 、 at any cost [ad.] 不惜代价， We should promote the goods at all costs.
[n.] 价格，代价，费用，成本 The cost of the used car is 2000. The production cost The cost of living 生活费 Cost price 成本价
Cost [vt.] 花费（金额，费用，时间，劳 力），付代价 ( 无被动 ) *cost+n. This jacket cost 200 dollars. How much does it cost to build the bridge? Such a difficult job costs a lot of time and effort. *sth. Cost sb. +n. It will cost you 500 dollars to repair the car. Careless driving will cost you your life.
Fight against sth./sb. 为反对 …. 而战， 和 ….. 斗争 Fight with sb. Fight for Fight off 击退、 fight back 回击
tough [a.] (1) 物体强硬的，坚硬的 This tire is ~er than that one. (2) 严厉的，粗暴的 *be ~ with The manager is ~ with his employees (3) 强壮的 He looks the ~est of all.
At the beginning/in the end At the beginning of/in the end of From beginning to end
engage (1)[vt.] 使 …. 从事 *engage oneself/sb.in= sb. Be engaged in sth./doing sth.…. He wants to ~ himself to foreign trade. He is engaged in helping others. (2)[vt.] 占用（时间、精力） Computer ~s his interest now. Studying ~s all my spare time.
champion [n.] 冠军、 [a.] 冠军的 a ~ team Championship [n.] 冠军身份，冠军称号
match [vt./n.] [vt.] 和 …. 相配，和 …. 相匹敌 Your hat matches your dress well No one can match her in the knowledge of classical music.. [n.] 比赛、火柴
Stubbornly [ad.] 顽强得，顽固地 Stubborn [a.] A ~ man His ~ courage made him respected. Stubbornness [n.]
be on one’s side 站在某人一边，支持某人 Whose side are you on?
survive (1) [vi] 幸存下来 Only three people ~d (2)[vt.] +n. Only one baby ~d the terrible car crash. Few houses ~d the storm. (3)[vt.] 比 … 活得长久，经受住 The girl ~d her parents. Rivera ~d endless blows. Survivor [n.] 幸存者 survival (n.)
blow[c.n.] 打击，殴打；精神上的打击 *give/strick sb.a blow 打某人一拳 He gave me a blow on the head. I got such a blow and fell down. My father’s death was a great blow to me. [v.] blow 吹，吹响
defence(defense) [n.] 防卫，防御， 防御物 The Department of Defense 国防部 They built a bank as a defense against flooding. [v.] defend
frightening [a.] 令人恐怖的 frightening scene/story frightened [a.] 感到恐怖的 The ~ girl was speechless. The child stared at the man with ~ eyes. be ~ to do /that…. She was very ~ to look down from the top of the building. The boy was ~ that he would get lost.
[vt.] frighten (~ed/~ed) 使恐惧，使害怕 *~ sth./sb. The sudden noise ~ed us. The little girl was ~ed by the big dog.
pretend to do/be doing/have done [n.] pretendence
at the last instant 在最后一瞬间 instant [n./a.] [n.] 瞬间 刹那＝ moment She was told to clean the room in an ~. *this ~ /that ~ [ad.] 现在，那时候 Do your homework this ~. *at the same ~ 在同一刻
the ~ [conj.]=as soon as She began to cry the instant she read the letter. [a.] 立刻的，立即的；速容的 an ~ death/ an ~ reply/~ coffee/~ noodles
.should have done 本该做 … 实际没有做 Should not have done 不该做但实际上做 了 You should have come to see me last night, but you didn’t. You should not have gone to the movies yesterday, but you did.
Strike (strick, struck/stricken) 敲打， 袭击 Strike while the iron is hot. The tsunami struck Southeast Asia suddenly in 2004. He was struck with fever. A poverty-stricken area
by the dozen(by dozens) 以打计算 Eggs are sold ~. dozen [n.] 一打。十二 前有数字是单复数同形。后接名词，不用 of These pencils are $3 a dozen. Three dozen eggs Two dozen bottles of beer dozens of 几十个 I have been there dozens of tomes.
mercy [n.] [u.n.] 慈悲，怜悯，宽恕 He showed little ~ to the prisoners *without ~ 无情地 He made the decision ~. *show ~ on sb./have ~ on sb. 对某人怜悯 We should learn to show ~ on others.
throw oneself on sb’s ~ 请求某人宽恕 He threw himself on the ~ of the master. at the ~ of sb/at sb’s ~ 受人摆布 The boat was at the ~ of the rapid river. show no ~ in doing 没有怜悯 The general showed no ~ in killing all his prisoners.
Before sb could do… 乘 … 还来不及 The roof collapsed before he could run out.
demand (v/n.) The boss demanded that Mary (should) finish it within a week. (advise/insist/order/propose/require/request/sug- gest) He demanded to try again demand sth. of/from sb. I demand an answer from him. There is a great demand for English books. Meet the demand of/on demand
care [v.] 在乎，忧虑 I won’t care who give me advice. Some one may be angry at this but I don’t care. care about/care for
Matter ( 常用于否定句和疑问句 ) 有关系, 要紧 All these things do not matter now. It doesn’t matter how long their hair is. What matters is that.. 返回