Presentation on theme: "Federal Aviation Administration Presented to: By: Date: FAASTeam FAASTeam NORTH DAKOTA What is Known Ice?"— Presentation transcript:
Federal Aviation Administration Presented to: By: Date: FAASTeam FAASTeam NORTH DAKOTA What is Known Ice?
What Is Known Ice 2 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 3 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 4 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 What is Known Ice?_____________ Concept vs. Regulatory Regulation Preflight Briefing Weather Forecasts Airman Responsibilities and Considerations
What Is Known Ice 5 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Known Ice… “Known Ice”, involves the situation where ice formation is actually detected or observed.
What Is Known Ice 6 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Known Icing Conditions… INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE PILOT. …Involve instead circumstances where a reasonable pilot would expect a substantial likelihood of ice formation on the aircraft BASED UPON ALL INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE PILOT.
What Is Known Ice 7 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Regulations Involved… 14 CFR Part 91 91.9 - Aircraft Limitations 91.13 – Careless or Reckless 91.103 – Familiarization with, weather and flight planning data… 91.527 – Operating in Icing Conditions
What Is Known Ice 8 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Aircraft Limitations - 91.9(a)________
What Is Known Ice 9 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Thoughts?! Documentation: –TCDS –POH/AFM –STC
What Is Known Ice 10 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Physical Inspection and Condition: –De-Ice/Anti-Ice Equipment Operational –Conditional OAT Historical review of Maintenance Duration (time in clouds) Alternates and Options Thoughts?!
What Is Known Ice 11 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 91.13 / Careless or Reckless?_______ Careless - Not giving sufficient attention or thought to avoiding harm or errors. Reckless - Without thinking or caring about the consequences of an action: "reckless flying".
What Is Known Ice 12 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 …with all available information… QICP AFSS ATC NWS “Pilots own Observations”
What Is Known Ice 13 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 14 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 FltPlan's QICP states that weather will meet these standards: Reliability Accessibility Security Retrievable Archive
What Is Known Ice 15 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 FAA Disclaimer Includes: This QICP approval does not ensure the quality and currency of the information transmitted to you. The user assumes the entire risk related to the information and its use.
What Is Known Ice 16 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Excuses?________________________
What Is Known Ice 17 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Weather data sources:_____________ Airmets Winds Aloft Reports and Forecast Radar Summary Charts Pilot Reports (PIREPs) ATIS (Local only reports) ATC – ask!!! “Hey Center, do you have any reports of icing along my route to…”? Listen to the radio. (122.0)
What Is Known Ice 18 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Airmets:________________________ WAUS43 KKCI 221445 CHIZ WA 221445 AIRMET ZULU UPDT 2 FOR ICE AND FRZLVL VALID UNTIL 222100 AIRMET ICE...MO IL IN KY OK TX AR TN LA MS AL AND CSTL WTRS FROM 50WSW ROD TO CVG TO HNN TO HMV TO GQO TO 40ENE MSL TO SJI TO 100WSW LEV TO 120ESE PSX TO 30S PSX TO 30WNW IAH TO 20SSE TUL TO 50WSW ROD MOD ICE BTN FRZLVL AND FL240. FRZLVL 060-120. CONDS CONTG BYD 21Z THRU 03Z.
What Is Known Ice 19 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Remember:______________________ AIRMETS use VORs for points of measure.
What Is Known Ice 20 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 21 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 22 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 23 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Services and radar data may vary…
What Is Known Ice 24 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Services and radar data may vary…
What Is Known Ice 25 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Data may not be complete…
What Is Known Ice 26 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Remember…_____________________ Ice usually forms when visible moisture is at temperatures between +5°C and -20°C contact the aircraft More typically…Ice forms at temps between +2°C and -10°C There is generally more ice in the top 1/3 of the cloud deck than the reminder of the cloud.
What Is Known Ice 27 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 28 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Question?____________________(22) What is the lowest ambient temperature at which a super-cooled water droplet can remain in liquid state? A) +20 F B) +10 F C) 0 F D) -40 AC00-6A pp41
What Is Known Ice 29 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Question?___________________(23) If your aircraft is approved for “known icing” conditions, what are its limitations? A) Moderate icing, takeoff, cruise, and landing. B) Moderate icing, climb, cruise, and landing. C) Light icing for takeoff, Moderate icing for climb, cruise, and landing. D) Moderate icing, takeoff, climb, cruise, and landing. 135.227(b)(1), (c)(1) / 91.527
What Is Known Ice 30 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Question?____________________(26) Your clearance is, “CLEARED AS FILED, MAINTAIN 12,000”. You encounter ice pellets from takeoff to 11,500 feet, at which point you fly into freezing rain. What clearance amendment should you request? A) An increase in airspeed. B) A lower altitude. C) Both an increase in airspeed and a higher altitude. D) A higher altitude.
What Is Known Ice 31 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Question?____________________(28) In which meteorological environment is aircraft structural icing most likely to have the highest rate of accumulation? A) Cumulonimbus clouds. B) High humidity and freezing temperatures. C) Heavy wet snow. D) Freezing rain.
What Is Known Ice 32 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Question?____________________(30) The body of a TAF covers a geographical area within… A) 5 statute mile radius of the center of a runway complex. B) 25 statute miles from the center of an airport. C) 10 statute miles of the station originating the TAF. D) 10 statute mile radius of the center of the airport. AC-60 4.47
What Is Known Ice 33 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Finally________: Never Ever Let ATC be the PIC of YOUR Airplane!!
What Is Known Ice 34 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 When dealing with ATC____________ Tell them what you need Tell them you are picking up ice, the severity, and what it is you want to do. Tell them that you need “PRIORITY” handling If icing severity or your not comfortable: DO NOT HESITATE TO DECLARE AN EMERGENCY!!
What Is Known Ice 35 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Get it back on the Ground__________ Considerations: –Make gentle wide turns –Utilize ATC for Vectors to final –Use an ILS approach if available –Longest runway –Keep your speed up –Leave the flaps where they are, YOU DO NOT NEED THEM!
What Is Known Ice 36 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 It is better to slide off the end of the runway at 10kts, than…
What Is Known Ice 37 Federal Aviation Administration FY12
What Is Known Ice 38 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Than crashing short of the runway! Date: 31 October 1994 Airline: American Eagle, Flight No.: 4184 Aircraft: ATR-72 Location: Roselawn, IN Souls on Board: 68 Fatalities: 68 The aircraft crashed while in a holding pattern to land at Chicago's O'Hare Airport. Ice buildup accumulated on the wings faster than the de-icing boots could remove it, and the aircraft entered a spin from which the crew was unable to recover.
What Is Known Ice 39 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Now we know____________________ Concept vs. Regulatory Regulation Preflight Briefing Weather Forecasts Airman Responsibilities and Considerations
40 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration FLIGHT STANDARDS DISTRICT OFFICE Fargo, North Dakota 4620 Amber Valley Parkway Fargo, ND 581041
41 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration Program Managers for North Dakota: Jay M Flowers FAASTeam Program Manager Operations, North Dakota Jay.M.Flowers@faa.gov Fargo FSDO (701) 492-5809 Jeffry Boe FAASTeam Program Manager Airworthiness, North Dakota and South Dakota Jeffry.R.Boe@faa.gov Fargo FSDO (701) 492-5817
42 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration The Great Lakes Region FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) values your input. We would appreciate your feedback using the following link: http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquart ers_offices/avs/stakeholder_feedback/afs/field/
43 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration
44 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration Recognizes outstanding individuals in their field roles of promoting aviation safety, education and professionalism
45 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration Winners will be recognized: Locally Regionally Nationally. National winners will be recognized during: EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh Winners will receive gifts and merchandise provided by sponsors and contributors.
46 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration Contact your local FAASTeam Program Manager or Flight Standards District Office for further information. Jay M. Flower FAASTeam, OPS 701-492-5809 Or Jeffry R. Boe FAASTeam, AWS 701-492-5817 Or FLIGHT STANDARDS DISTRICT OFFICE Fargo, North Dakota / 4620 Amber Valley Parkway Fargo, ND 581041 701-492-5800
47 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration This Years Sponsors:______________ Aircraft Electronics Association Aviation Maintenance Technician Society Aircraft Owners and Pilot’s Association Aeronautical Repair Station Association Experimental Aircraft Association Federal Aviation Administration General Aviation Manufacturers Association National Business Aviation Association National Association of State Aviation Officials Society of Aviation & Flight Educators Professional Aviation Maintenance Association Women in Aviation International
48 Federal Aviation Administration CFI Responsibilities & Pilot expectations 4/23/2015 Federal Aviation Administration Applications are available at:_______ www.generalaviationawards.org - and - www.faasafety.go
What Is Known Ice 49 Federal Aviation Administration FY12 Use discretion when calling these numbers: BIS ATCT………......701-223-8790 MOT (FCT)…….…...701-852-2346 MOT APP (RAP)..…605-385-6198 GFK ATCT………….701-792-4280 FAR ATCT……….....701-235-8894 Lockheed Martin Flight Services 1-800-992-7433