Presentation on theme: "The Aztec At the time of European exploration, the Aztec civilization was the most powerful of all civilizations in central and southern Mexico."— Presentation transcript:
1The AztecAt the time of European exploration, the Aztec civilization was the most powerful of all civilizations in central and southern Mexico.
2The Aztec controlled the area around their capital city of Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City. Their borders stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific OceanThey controlled lands as far south as present-day Guatemala
4The Aztec were known for their artwork, architecture, and efficient farming system They constructed a beautiful pyramid temple at the center of their capital city, Tenochtitlan
5Complex, Rich SocietyThey had a mathematical system to keep up with their empire, and they had two different calendar systems to organize their empire
6The Aztec civilization ended in 1521 when it was conquered by the Spanish They destroyed the city of Tenochtitlan and built Mexico City in its place
7Montezuma II Montezuma II was an Aztec ruler from about 1500 to 1520 He is most famous for ruling the Aztec when their land was invaded by the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes.
8Montezuma had spread the Aztec empire over a large part of central and southern Mexico. Those conquered by Montezuma had to pay him taxes and had to send him humans for sacrifice.*
9Hernan Cortes Born in 1485, Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador He is famous for conquering the Aztec Empire in Mexico inConquistador - soldiers, explorers, and adventurers at the service of the Portuguese Empire and the Spanish Empire.
10Introduction of the horse In 1518, Cortes was told to take a group of ships to Mexico to conquer the powerful AztecHe landed in Mexico in 1519 with eleven ships, five hundred soldiers, one hundred sailors, and sixteen horses.What impact did the horse have on the Americas?Introduction of the horse*Horse changed life forever for the Americas!*Used for transportation and labor.*Changed lives of Native Americans on plains – allowed them to hunt buffalo. (Battles + Hunting) Tribes spread territory and trade with other tribes.*Transportation source until early 20th century.“terms of horsepower”
11Cortes was concerned that some of his men would be frightened by the Aztec To make sure that no one tried to escape back to Cuba, Cortes had all the ships destroyed.
12Cortes trained his men for several months. He made friends with nearby Indians who did not like the Aztec, and by the time he marched on the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan, he had over 1,500 fighters. Over 1,000 were native people who wanted to fight the Aztec.
13Because Montezuma believed that Cortes might be the returning Aztec god Quetecoatl, he welcomed Cortes into the city. Cortes and his men were given grand gifts and gold.
14Once inside the city, Cortes and his men quickly took Montezuma captive Cortes believed that he could control the Aztec by keeping their leader hostage
15In 1521, Cortes led a military victory over the Aztec, during which Montezuma II was killed. From this time forward, the Spanish sent more troops and settlers to Mexico.They tore down the buildings of the Aztec and destroyed Tenochtitlan.In its place, they built Mexico CityFor the next 300 years, Mexico was under Spanish control.
16Assignment: Question #1 What role did Hernan Cortes and his conquistadors play in the Columbian Exchange?Keep the sheet on which you answer this question. Each day will have a new question, and I will take the paper with the completed questions up on Monday, March 17.