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Chapter 25 AP WORLD HISTORY NEW WORLDS: THE AMERICAS AND OCEANIA.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 AP WORLD HISTORY NEW WORLDS: THE AMERICAS AND OCEANIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25 AP WORLD HISTORY NEW WORLDS: THE AMERICAS AND OCEANIA

2 I. CONQUEST OF THE NEW WORLD

3 II. CONQUEST OF THE AZTEC EMPIRE Hernan Cortez & 450 men conquer the Aztec empire, How were 450 Spanish able to conquer the mighty Aztecs? 1.Better Weapons ( Steel Swords, muskets, cannons, horses) 2.Other indigenous people hated the Aztecs ( Dona Marina) 3.Disease

4 Fernando Cortés The First Spanish Conquests: The Aztecs Montezuma II vs.vs.

5 Cycle of Conquest & Colonization Explorers Conquistadores Missionaries Permanent Settlers Official European Colony!

6 The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation

7 Francisco Pizzaro (Conqueror of the Incas) Led a small band of men and toppled the Inca empire, Held Inca ruler Atahualpa for ransom, then strangled him & decapitated him III. CONQUEST OF THE INCAS

8 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

9 Encomienda- land grants to Spanish settlers with total control over local people & land IV LABOR SYSTEMS OF THE NEW WORLD

10 Colonial Society in the Americas Sugar and Slavery in Portuguese Brazil The Engenho Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw- Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Twenty-Five: New Worlds: The Americas and Oceania Sugar mill in colonial Brazil

11 Mita or repartmiento system- Spanish crown required 1/7 of male population to work for 4 months in Spanish mines or haciendas Debt Peonage- Spanish landowners advanced loans to native peoples to buy seed, tools, and supplies in exchange for labor IV. LABOR SYSTEMS

12 V. SUGAR & SLAVERY IN BRAZIL

13 Major resource of income for Spanish crown Manila Galleons take it to the Pacific rim for trading Very popular with Chinese markets Also trade in the Atlantic basin SIGNIFICANCE OF SILVER

14 The Influence of the Colonial Catholic Church Guadalajara Cathedral Guadalajara Cathedral Our Lady of Guadalupe Our Lady of Guadalupe Spanish Mission Spanish Mission

15 15 THE VIRGIN OF GUADALUPE

16 Treasures from the Americas!

17 The Colonial Class System PeninsularesPeninsulares CreolesCreoles MestizosMestizosMulattosMulattos Native Indians Black Slaves

18 Slaves Working in a Brazilian Sugar Mill

19 WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS MOST LETHAL FOR NATIVE AMERICANS DURING EARLY ENCOUNTERS WITH EUROPEANS? Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1.Firearms 2.Mounted troops 3.Smallpox 4.Steel swords

20 CONQUISTADORS WERE Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1.Entrepreneurs who financed Spain’s voyages of exploration 2.Spanish conquerors of New World territories, such as Cortes and Pizarro 3.Exporters of American food crops back to Europe 4.Native American slaves sent back to Europe

21 FROM HIGHEST TO LOWEST, THE RACIAL CASTE’S IN SPAIN’S COLONIES WERE: Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1.Creoles, mestizos, & natives 2.Peninsulares, mestizos, & creoles 3.Peninsulares, creoles, slaves, & mestizos 4.Peninsulares, creoles, mestizos, natives, & slaves


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