Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 AP WORLD HISTORY NEW WORLDS: THE AMERICAS AND OCEANIA."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 25 AP WORLD HISTORY NEW WORLDS: THE AMERICAS AND OCEANIA
I. CONQUEST OF THE NEW WORLD
II. CONQUEST OF THE AZTEC EMPIRE Hernan Cortez & 450 men conquer the Aztec empire, How were 450 Spanish able to conquer the mighty Aztecs? 1.Better Weapons ( Steel Swords, muskets, cannons, horses) 2.Other indigenous people hated the Aztecs ( Dona Marina) 3.Disease
Fernando Cortés The First Spanish Conquests: The Aztecs Montezuma II vs.vs.
Cycle of Conquest & Colonization Explorers Conquistadores Missionaries Permanent Settlers Official European Colony!
The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation
Francisco Pizzaro (Conqueror of the Incas) Led a small band of men and toppled the Inca empire, Held Inca ruler Atahualpa for ransom, then strangled him & decapitated him III. CONQUEST OF THE INCAS
Mita or repartmiento system- Spanish crown required 1/7 of male population to work for 4 months in Spanish mines or haciendas Debt Peonage- Spanish landowners advanced loans to native peoples to buy seed, tools, and supplies in exchange for labor IV. LABOR SYSTEMS
V. SUGAR & SLAVERY IN BRAZIL
Major resource of income for Spanish crown Manila Galleons take it to the Pacific rim for trading Very popular with Chinese markets Also trade in the Atlantic basin SIGNIFICANCE OF SILVER
The Influence of the Colonial Catholic Church Guadalajara Cathedral Guadalajara Cathedral Our Lady of Guadalupe Our Lady of Guadalupe Spanish Mission Spanish Mission
15 THE VIRGIN OF GUADALUPE
Treasures from the Americas!
The Colonial Class System PeninsularesPeninsulares CreolesCreoles MestizosMestizosMulattosMulattos Native Indians Black Slaves