Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Blackberry Tissue Analysis Monitoring Nutritional Status in New Cultivars David H. Hardy for BRC Plant, Waste and Solution Section NCDA&CS Agronomic Division.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Blackberry Tissue Analysis Monitoring Nutritional Status in New Cultivars David H. Hardy for BRC Plant, Waste and Solution Section NCDA&CS Agronomic Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 Blackberry Tissue Analysis Monitoring Nutritional Status in New Cultivars David H. Hardy for BRC Plant, Waste and Solution Section NCDA&CS Agronomic Division

2 Blackberry Acreage in NC 1999: < 100 acres 2002: about 150 acres 2006: SunnyRidge Farm, Inc., indicated desire to expand production by A Blackberry and raspberry 2009: about 400 acres Future growth still expected

3 Blackberries – Yum!!!

4 Blackberry (Rubus) Perennial root; biennial shoots Primocane is vegetative; 1 st year growth (no flowers or fruit) Floricane is reproductive; 2 nd year growth flowers, fruits then dies and is pruned out Erect, semi-erect, trailing, semi-trailing

5 New Cultivars Erect and semi-erect Thornless Different harvest times Navaho, Ouachita (others include Apache, Chester, Hull, Triple Crown, Arapaho, Chickasaw, Kiowa & Choctaw) Cultivars suited to NC are currently being developed.

6 Cultivar Characteristics Navaho Erect Univ. Arkansas Thornless Mid-late season Med-high yield Great postharvest shelf life (PHSL) Ouachita Erect Univ. Arkansas Thornless High yields Big berries, great flavor Good PHSL

7 NC State University, AG 697-W, 2008

8 New Fertilization Practices Currently, growers are more likely to spoon-feed soluble fertilizer through drip tape in addition to broadcasting or banding fertilizer.

9 New Fertilizer Recommendations For mature blackberries: 60–80 lb N Spring: drip a total of 50 lb N  15 lb N March 1  10 lb N March 15, April 1, and April 15  5 lb N early May Post harvest: apply remainder of N Fall: no nitrogen; lime and non- nitrogenous fertilizers as needed

10 NCDA&CS Recommendations Developed primarily for trailing blackberry Provided micronutrient recommendations

11 Current Lime & Fertilizer Lime to pH 6.0 March: Apply 40 lb N, 40 lb P 2 O 5, 80 lb K 2 0 July: Apply 60–80 lb N

12 Current NCDA&CS Sufficiency Ranges for Blackberry (for trailing blackberry, primocane, mid season) Nitrogen3.0–4.0% Phosphorus0.2–0.6% Potassium2.5–3.5% Calcium0.5–1.0% Magnesium0.2–0.4% Sulfur0.2–0.6%

13 Sufficiency Ranges from Clark NABGA (1997) Developed for newer cultivars Collected from the primocane in August (or 2 weeks post harvest) 30–60 most recently mature leaves Nitrogen 2.4–2.9% Phosphorus >0.15% Potassium 1.0–2.0% Calcium >0.5% Magnesium >0.3% Sulfur >0.13% Iron>50 ppm Manganese>50 ppm Zinc>20 ppm Copper>7 ppm Boron30–50 ppm

14 2006 July, Bramble Production Workshop with SunnyRidge Farm, Inc. November, Bramble Discussion with Gina Fernandez, David Hardy and Brenda Cleveland Update recommendations for new cultivars and production practices

15 We want big, sweet, berries with great shelf life

16 How Should We Start? Develop a baseline of plant sufficiency ranges Focus on primocane, post harvest Stabilized, stored N (Bernadine & Strik, 2008) Follow with fertilization tests

17 Plant Tissue Analysis—2007 & 2008 Canes (2) Growth stage (4) Cultivars (2) Locations (from eastern to western NC) Most recently mature leaves (MRML) 2007 Easter Freeze

18 Cane Primocane is vegetative; 1 st year growth (no flowers or fruits) Floricane is reproductive; 2 nd year growth flowers, fruits then dies and is pruned out

19 CSIRO Australia by peterb

20 Growth Stages Early (E): pre bloom Bloom (B): full bloom Fruit (F): ripe or harvesting fruit Mature (M): 2 weeks post harvest

21 Sample Type Predictive – monitor nutritional status Diagnostic – verify if problems are related to poor nutritional status

22 Locations Coastal Plain, east & west Piedmont & Mountain Cleveland: 2 Commercial Growers Granville: Oxford Tobacco Research Station Henderson: 1 Commercial Grower Lincoln: 4 Commercial Growers Nash: 1 Commercial Grower Rowan: Piedmont Research Station

23 Cooperating Growers Soil pH ranged from Good fertilization practices Tissue samples collected from healthy canes that were not stressed

24 Samples Collected NavahoOuachita FloricanePrimocaneFloricanePrimocane

25 Tissue Sample Results Average macronutrients concentrations (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S)

26 2008 Average Nitrogen N> % Clark 1997

27 2008 Average Phosphorus P>0.15% Clark 1997

28 2008 Average Potassium K> % Clark 1997

29 2008 Average Calcium Ca>0.5% Clark 1997

30 2008 Average Magnesium Mg>0.3% Clark 1997

31 2008 Average Sulfur S>0.13% Clark 1997

32 Summary & Direction

33 Range (min/max) of Nutrient Concentrations in the Post Harvest Primocane Samples Nutrient% concentration (baseline study) Nitrogen Phosphorus0.13 – 0.26 Potassium0.5 – 1.3 Calcium0.3 – 1.0 Magnesium0.25 – 0.50 Sulfur0.13 – 0.20

34 Average Nutrient Concentrations in the Post Harvest Primocane Samples Nutrient% concentration (baseline study) % concentration (Clark, U. Ark, 1997) Nitrogen2.4 – 2.9 Phosphorus0.17 – 0.18>0.15 Potassium0.77 – – 2.0 Calcium0.51 – 0.68>0.5 Magnesium0.30 – 0.38>0.3 Sulfur0.15 – 0.15>0.13

35 In the Future Fertilization research Develop soil fertility recommendations to optimize yield of new cultivars Develop new plant tissue sufficiency ranges continue baseline study (2009) cultivars differences which canes/growth stages predict fertilizer needs fine-tune nutrient management


Download ppt "Blackberry Tissue Analysis Monitoring Nutritional Status in New Cultivars David H. Hardy for BRC Plant, Waste and Solution Section NCDA&CS Agronomic Division."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google