Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Small Fruit Culture. Soil Test Most plants – pH 6-6.5 Blueberry – pH 4.5-5.2.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Small Fruit Culture. Soil Test Most plants – pH 6-6.5 Blueberry – pH 4.5-5.2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Small Fruit Culture

2

3

4

5 Soil Test Most plants – pH Blueberry – pH

6 Incorporate recommended lime 12 deep

7 Use Sulfur to lower the pH for blueberries six months before planting

8 Apply Phosphorus before planting if needed

9

10

11

12

13 Northern Highbush – High Mountains Piedmont and Coastal Plain from NC northward Southern Highbush – Coastal Plain and Piedmont Rabbiteye – Coastal Plain and Piedmont

14 Northern Highbush Blue Crop: Early Season Blue Crop: Early Season Jersey: Mid-season Jersey: Mid-season Elliot: Late Season Elliot: Late Season

15 Rabbiteyes for Piedmont and Lower Mountains Brightwell: Early – Mid Season Brightwell: Early – Mid Season Tifblue: Late Season Tifblue: Late Season Powderblue: Late Season Centurion: Very Late Season

16 Blueberry Spacing Standard – 6 x 12 Hedge – 4 within row

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26 Three Sexual Types of Muscadines Male Male Female Female Perfect flowered Perfect flowered

27 Fresh Fruit Muscadine Varieties Fry – female, bronze Fry – female, bronze Summit – self-fertile, bronze Summit – self-fertile, bronze Triumph – perfect flowered, black Triumph – perfect flowered, black Cowart – perfect flowered, black Cowart – perfect flowered, black Loomis – female, black Loomis – female, black Nesbit – perfect flowered, black, cold hardy Nesbit – perfect flowered, black, cold hardy

28 Processing Muscadine Varieties Dixie – perfect flowered, bronze, wine, juice, cold hardy Dixie – perfect flowered, bronze, wine, juice, cold hardy Golden Isles – perfect flowered, bronze, wine, juice, non-musky aroma Golden Isles – perfect flowered, bronze, wine, juice, non-musky aroma Carlos – perfect flowered, bronze, wine, juice, cold hardy Carlos – perfect flowered, bronze, wine, juice, cold hardy Noble – perfect flowered, black, wine, jelly Noble – perfect flowered, black, wine, jelly

29 Muscadine Spacing Rows – 12 Rows – 12 Within Row – 20 Within Row – 20

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40 Fig Varieties Figs are not recommended for the mountains Figs are not recommended for the mountains Plant Celeste variety in the Piedmont Plant Celeste variety in the Piedmont Celeste and Alma have closed eyes Celeste and Alma have closed eyes

41 Plant Figs About 15 Feet Apart

42

43

44

45

46

47 Fig Fruit Drop is Common Too vigorous Too vigorous Too dry or hot Too dry or hot Nematode infested Nematode infested

48

49

50 Erect Blackberry Varieties Choctaw Choctaw Cheyenne Cheyenne Cherokee Cherokee Shawnee Shawnee Navajo Navajo Arapaho Arapaho Kiowa Kiowa

51 Trailing Blackberry Varieties Thornless Thornless Hull HullChester Thorny Thorny Gem Gem

52 Bramble Spacing Trailing – 10 x 12 Erect – 8 x 12 Erect Hedge – 2 x 4 within row within row

53

54 Blackberry Shoots 1 st Year – Vegetative (primocanes) 1 st Year – Vegetative (primocanes) 2 nd Year – Fruiting and Death 2 nd Year – Fruiting and Death

55

56

57

58

59

60 Raspberry Varieties Coastal Plain and Piedmont Dorman Red Trailing Spring-bearing Spring-bearing Low Quality Low Quality Upper Piedmont and Mountains Redwing or Fall-bearing Redwing or Fall-bearing Heritage Erect Heritage Erect Excellent Quality Excellent Quality

61 Plant Dorman Red Raspberries 10 Feet Apart (trellis required) Plant Erect Red Raspberries 1-2 Feet Apart

62

63

64

65

66

67

68 Recommended Strawberry Varieties CardinalEarliglowSurecropAtlasApollo

69 Planting Distance Strawberry

70

71

72

73

74 Matted Rows - Strawberry 22 22

75

76

77

78

79

80 Renovation Steps Just After Harvest From the Second Year On Mow off leaves with a lawn mower set in the high position (do not damage crowns Mow off leaves with a lawn mower set in the high position (do not damage crowns Rototill or hoe up most of matter row except an eight inch wide strip of daughter plants Rototill or hoe up most of matter row except an eight inch wide strip of daughter plants

81

82

83

84

85

86

87 Bunch Grape Spacing

88

89

90

91

92

93

94 Selecting Small Fruits

95

96

97

98 Small Fruits Most need only a few pesticide applications Most need only a few pesticide applications

99


Download ppt "Small Fruit Culture. Soil Test Most plants – pH 6-6.5 Blueberry – pH 4.5-5.2."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google