Dressing Right Helmet Goggles / Face Shields Long Sleeves Gloves Boots –Chest protector –Off-road pants
HELMET Number one piece of protective gear for children & adults Full-face or Three-quarter Helmet Chin Strap (always fasten snugly) Considerations when buying a helmet –Design Protection should be –Color your first consideration. –Price What is your life worth? Athletic headgear - skateboard, hockey, football ARE NOT ACCEPTABLE
Helmet Care & Condition Clean Inspect Damage / Webbing (spidering) Lining Chin Strap Replace helmet every 5 years! If helmet is dropped on a hard surface, it must be replaced!
Getting Familiar with your ATV Before you ride your ATV,read the owner’s manual carefully. Take a Certified Safe Rider’s Course 4-H ATV Safety Class is NOT a certified course Study your manual and look at your ATV to memorize the location of the controls.
CAUTION !! NEVER LET ANYONE RIDE YOUR ATV WITHOUT SHOWING THEM HOW TO PROPERLY OPERATE ATV AND ALL CONTROLS !
Identify The Controls Parking BrakeHand Brake Levers Foot Brake Lever / PedalThrottle Ignition SwitchFuel Supple Valve Choke (primer)Clutch Engine Stop SwitchGas Cap / Tank Vent Shift LeverStarter (pull, kick electric) Light on / off switchLight hi / lo switch
Check before you ride T ires & Wheels C ontrols & Cables L ights & Electrics O il & Fuel C hain & Drive Shaft Chassis
Starting the ATV B rakes O n N eutral E ngine C hoke
Mounting your ATV Set the parking brake Grasp the handlebar with you hand Place your foot on the footrest (don’t step on the shift lever Lean over, grasp the handlebar with your other hand
Let’s start riding… Let’s find a place to practice Bring some markers Safety first First ride
Shifting Gears Always release the throttle while shifting to prevent front wheel(s) lifting Learn the sound of your engine to know when to shift If manual clutch – know where the engagement point is to prevent stalling & allow for smooth shifting
Hints for braking Release the throttle Shift to lower gear to slow vehicle Apply both brakes equally (rear brake first) Do most of your braking before a turn Apply brakes lightly on slippery surfaces Apply brakes lightly after driving through water or wet areas Keep head and eyes up
Parking When parking – Shift into Neutral Stop the engine with the Engine Stop Switch and, if equipped, turn off the ignition switch Set the parking brake to keep the ATV from rolling Turn the fuel off Always try to find flat ground to park your ATV
STOPPING Being familiar with your controls Assume proper riding position Braking
Riding Strategies S can the environment I dentify hazards P redict what will happen D eside what to do E xcute the decision
Around the Curve Leaning – 4-Wheelers Lean toward inside of turn Throttle control is a must Feet on foot rest Both hands on handle bars (At all times)
Right Turn – 4-Wheeler Shift weight to inside of turn Feet on footrest Proper riding position Throttle control Proper gear
TURNS Sharp Turns –Proper throttle use –Assume proper riding position –Braking –Adjust speed / Lower gear Quick Turns –Proper throttle use –Assume proper riding position –Braking –Adjust speed / Lower gear
Climbing Hills Assume proper riding position Never sit on the seat while riding up a hill Choose proper gear before starting up the hill Keep weight to upper part of hill at all times
Climbing Hills Always keep to the RIGHT Persons going UPHILL always has the right of way
Descending Hills Stop before descending a hill to assure no other riders are coming up Assume proper riding position Place body to upper part of hill Lower gear Apply rear brake slowly
Traversing a Hill Assume proper riding position Lean body uphill If your ATV begins to tip – Turn the front wheels downhill, then descend hill
Obstacles Always approach an object at a 90 degree angle (straight on) Assume proper riding position (legs & elbows bent) Bring body up off seat
Obstacles Assume proper riding position (legs & elbows bent) Never sit on the seat when riding over obstacles
Obstacles – On one side Assume proper riding position Lean upper body weight toward side of obstacle Keep elbows & knees bent Keep body off seat
On the Trail Practice safe riding responsibilities Wear your helmet DON’T CARRY PASSENGERS ! Resist peer pressure (No Dares) Know your limits & limits of your ATV Don’t mix alcohol or drugs with ATV riding Wear bright or reflective clothing / flag Take a first aid pack along Carry snacks and a water supply Learn the signs for the area you are riding
Effects of Alcohol NUMBER OF DRINKS THAT IMPAIR MENTAL AND PHYSICAL ABILITIES… 1-2 drinks in system – Mental processes such as restraint, awareness, concentration and judgment affected; reaction time slowed; inability to perform complicated tasks.
Effects of Alcohol 3-4 drinks in system – Depth perception, glare recovery, eye movement and focus affected; decreased judgment and control
Effects of Alcohol 5 drinks in system – Coordination deteriorates, loss of critical judgment, impaired memory and comprehension.
Other Trail Users Rider Friendly Be courteous to other trail users When meeting horses – –Stop –Shut off engine –Remove helmet Respect campers & hikers What you take in – Take out (trash)
Before riding on trails, KNOW… LAWS & REGULATIONS Environmental Tips Erosion Places to ride your ATV Topographical Maps Rob Wellum, Conservation Officer
Leaving for a ride Check List Tell someone where you are going When will you return (be home when stated, if possible) What paths will you travel Take a cell phone when possible First Aid Kit / Survival Kit