Presentation on theme: "Electromagnetic Waves"— Presentation transcript:
1Electromagnetic Waves are made by vibrating electrical forces that travel through space – but do NOT require matter to travel
2Electromagnetic Waves have a wavelength and a frequency: Wavelength = the distance between the crest of two wavesFrequency = the number of waves that pass a point in 1 secondThe energy of a wave is related to wavelength and frequency – how?
3The Electromagnetic Spectrum Is composed of energy having differentwavelengths and frequenciesHigher frequency waves = more energy.The energy we detect with our eyes is VISIBLE LIGHT
4The speed of energy waves in space is referred to as "speed of light" This is nature's speed limit – we know of nothing that travels faster!If travel is to occur to distant planets and galaxies, we need to find a way to exceed the speed of light!
5Radio Waves We are surrounded by radio waves that we cannot see. (Where are they on the electromagnetic spectrum?) The radio or TV antenna receives the radio waves and converts them to different forms of energy - sound waves or light waves that you can hear or see.Radio waves have different frequencies for each station/supplier.You tune your radio or TV receivers by choosing a frequency.
6Radar - uses radio waves to find the position and movement of objects stands for RAdio Detecting And RangingRadar devices measure the time required for radio waves to bounce off an object, like a car. The measured time is converted into the object’s positions (and thus, speed).
7MicrowavesMicrowave ovens turn electricity into microwaves. that causes water molecules to move back and forth, which in turn causes HEAT.Intense microwaves can damage living cells and tissue – hence, they are enclosed by strong metal boxes that do not allowthe waves to escape.Weak microwaves can carry information– such as those used by cellphones.
8Infrared Waves – transmit heat, and are used to detect living creatures in the absence of visible light.Objects that are living (use energy or that metabolize food) can be distinguished from the environment by infrared waves.
9Ultraviolet (UV) Waves have shorter wavelengths and more energy than visible light, and can enter cells. A small amount may be good, but too much can cause sunburn and cause blisters and damage your DNA
10X Rays and Gamma RaysBoth are high energy waves and are damaging if you are exposed to them without protectionX Rays can be used toform images of bone andteeth (how do theseWork for Superman?)Gamma Rays - can beused to target and killcancer cells (radiation therapy)
12Transparent materials (glass, water, plastic) pass visible light, but may block UV and infrared waves.Glass is not transparent to most UV, this is why you cannot get a sunburn through a window.
13Opaque - materials that are not transparent Tights are labeled as either sheer (transparent) or opaque; which ones are pictured here ?
14Why is wet sand darker than dry sand? Light reflecting from a dry surface goes directly to your eyes. However, as light is reflected from wet surface, some of it is scattered and absorbed - making it appear darker. The ocean and sky are blue because water and air absorb red light and scatter blue light that we see. At sunset and sunrise, we can see sunlight that is not reflected, but do not look very long – as it may damage your eyes!
15Color is determined by the receiver – which perceives the wavelength of light that reflects from or is emitted by an object.What color is.....The sky? ______________________An apple? ______________________The grass ? ______________________Can you explain why?
16If you are colorblind, you cannot perceive which colors? Can you explain why?
17How we see colors depends on whether the object absorbs or reflects particular wavelengths. White objects reflect all visible lightBlack objects absorb all visible lightWhite light passed through a prism causes the different energy wavelengths to separate, which are perceived as individual colors.
18Primary ColorsRed, Green & Blue are the primary colors. These colors combine to create any other color in the visible spectrum. All three combined will create white light.Red + Blue = magenta (purple)Blue + Yellow = greenRed + Yellow = orangeOpposites on this color wheel contain all three primary colors and form white light.