Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Presented by: Penny Osmon, BA, CPC Wisconsin Medical Society Copyright 2007 Wisconsin Medical Society Your Doctor. Your Health.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Presented by: Penny Osmon, BA, CPC Wisconsin Medical Society Copyright 2007 Wisconsin Medical Society Your Doctor. Your Health."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Presented by: Penny Osmon, BA, CPC Wisconsin Medical Society Copyright 2007 Wisconsin Medical Society Your Doctor. Your Health.

3 Objectives Reviewing body systems and related medical terms Understanding how medical terms are formed including combining forms, prefixes and suffixes Learning to define, spell and pronounce medical terms according to the component word parts Forming a foundation that allows continuing expansion of medicla terminology skills

4 What We Will Cover Today! Basic Medical Word Structure Gastrointestinal System Respiratory System Cardiovascular System Urinary System Reproductive System Nervous System, Special Senses Integumentary System

5 STOP! I will now test your knowledge

6 Word Root Foundation or core All medical words contain one or more Conveys fundamental meaning Example: HEPAT/ITIS "HEPAT" (liver) is the word root.

7 SUFFIX Medical terms may/may not contain a suffix Attached to the end of a word root Alters or modifies the meaning Example: HEPAT/ITIS "-ITIS" (inflammation) is the suffix.

8 PREFIX Attached to the beginning Influences the meaning Not all medical terms contain a prefix Example: SUB/HEPAT/IC "SUB-" (under) is the prefix. ("-IC" is the suffix for pertaining to, subhepatic means pertaining to under the liver.)

9 COMBINING VOWEL Usually an “O” Links two word roots or a word root and a suffix Eases pronunciation Not all medical terms contain combining vowels Has no meaning of its own A word root which a vowel is attached is called a combining form

10 RULES When connecting two word roots, a combining vowel is usually used even when vowels are present at the junction - oste/o/arthr/itis When connecting a word root and a suffix, a combining vowel is usually not used if the suffix begins with a vowel - hepat/ic

11 BREAKDOWN Medical terms include pertinent word parts, not all the time Breakdown can sometimes be misleading Knowing the breakdown will help with the learning process Breakdown alone will not always give you the entire meaning of the term Useful tool for identifying procedure, anatomical site or condition

12 EXAMPLES LEUK/EMIA - literally means blood condition of white; actual meaning is large increase in the number of cancerous abnormal white blood cells AUT/O/PSY - literally means process of viewing self; actual meaning is exam of dead body (with one’s own eyes) to determine cause of death

13 Analyzing and Defining Medical terms are usually read “backwards” or suffix first Examples: HYPO GASTR IC Pertaining to below the stomach NEURO LOGY Study of Nerves

14 SUFFIXES Pertaining To  -AC  -AL-INE  -AR-IOR  -ARY-OSE  -EAL-OUS  -IAC-TIC  -IC  -ICAL Hypogastric Peritoneal Cellac Pulmonary Infectious Diagnose

15 SUFFIXES Condition  -EMA  -ESIS  -IA  -ISM  -SIS  -Y Emesis Prostatism Dialysis Corectopia Erythema

16 SUFFIXES Abnormal  - OSIS  -IASIS Cholelithiasis Endometriosis

17 SUFFIXES One Who  -OR  -ER Doctor Professor Explorer

18 SUFFIXES Specializes In  -IST Cardiologist Proctologist Neurologist Allergist

19 SUFFIXES Pain  -ALGIA Cephalalgia  Headache

20 SUFFIXES Hernia  -CELE Cystocele Varicocele

21 SUFFIXES Surgical Puncture  -CENTESIS Thoracentesis

22 SUFFIXES Pain -DYNIA Gastrodynia Mastodynia

23 SUFFIXES Stretching  -ECTASIA Gastrectasia

24 SUFFIXES To Cut or Remove  -ECTOMY Gastrectomy Appendectomy Tonsillectomy

25 SUFFIXES Vomiting  -EMESIS Hyperemesis

26 SUFFIXES Blood Condition  -EMIA Anemia Leukemia

27 SUFFIXES Recording or Tracing  -GRAM Radiogram

28 SUFFIXES Process of Recording  -GRAPHY Radiography Cardiography

29 SUFFIXES Inflammation of Heat Redness Swelling Warmth  -ITIS Gastritis Appendicitis Tonsillitis

30 SUFFIXES Process  -ION Incision

31 SUFFIXES Study of Science of  -LOGY Gastrology Hematology Cardiology Neurology

32 SUFFIXES Tumor  Benign  Malignant –OMA Gastroma Lymphoma Melanoma Sarcoma

33 SUFFIXES To View  -OPSY Biopsy

34 SUFFIXES Disease of  -PATHY Hepatopathy Neuropathy Cardiopathy

35 SUFFIXES Drooping Sagging  -PTOSIS Nephroptosis

36 SUFFIXES Surgical Repair  -PLASTY Rhinoplasty Bronchoplasty

37 SUFFIXES Severe Bleeding Bursting  -RRHAGIA  -RRHAGE Hemorrhage Menorrhagia Meningorrhagia

38 SUFFIXES Suturing  - RRHAPHY Gastrorrhaphy

39 SUFFIXES Instrument for Visual Exam  -SCOPE Gastroscope Proctoscope Bronchoscope

40 SUFFIXES Visual Examination  -SCOPY Gastroscopy Laparoscopy Bronchoscopy

41 SUFFIXES Sudden Muscle Contraction  -SPASM Pylorospasm Bronchiospasm Vasospasm

42 SUFFIXES Stopping Controlling  -STASIS Hemostasis

43 SUFFIXES Tightening Stricture  -STENOSIS Pyloristenosis Aortostenosis Pulmonarystenosis Valvularstenosis

44 SUFFIXES Artificial or Surgical Opening New Opening  -STOMY Gastrostomy

45 SUFFIXES Instrument to Cut  -TOME Osteotome

46 SUFFIXES To Cut Into  -TOMY Gastrotomy Laparotomy

47 SUFFIXES Structure  -UM Epigastrium Hypogastrium

48 PREFIXES Negative Prefix No, Not, Without  A-  AN- Afebrile Amnesia Anemia Anesthesia

49 PREFIXES Away From  AB- Abnormal Aberration Abortion

50 PREFIXES Before  ANTE- Antepartum Anterior Antecedent Anteversion

51 PREFIXES Against  ANTI- Antibiotic Antidepressant Antidiuretic

52 PREFIXES Through Complete  DIA- Diameter Diagnosis Diaphoretic

53 PREFIXES Difficult  DYS- Dysesthesia Dysopia Dysmenorrhea Dysphagia

54 PREFIXES In, Within  EN-  ENDO- Endoscope Encephalitis Endotracheal

55 PREFIXES Above  EPI- Epiglottis Epidermis Epistaxis

56 PREFIXES Out  EX-  EXO- Excretion Exopathy Exfoliate

57 PREFIXES Half  HEMI- Hemiplegia Hemicolectomy Hemisphere

58 PREFIXES Excessive Above  HYPER- Hyperactive Hyperglycemia Hyperesthesia

59 PREFIXES Below Deficient  HYPO- Hypoactive Hypodermic Hypokalemia

60 PREFIXES Into  IN- Incision Index Inflammation

61 PREFIXES Between  INTER- Intercostal Interfemoral Intermission Interval

62 PREFIXES Within  INTRA- Intraabdominal Intracranial Intracostal Intramammary

63 PREFIXES Surrounding Around Periphery  PERI- Peritoneum Peritonsillar Peristalsis

64 PREFIXES Increased Many Much  POLY- Polycythemia Polyarthritis Polygraph

65 PREFIXES After Behind in Time or Place  POST- Postnatal Postoperative Postmortem

66 PREFIXES Before  PRO- Procedure Procreation Prophylaxis

67 PREFIXES Back Again  RE- Reduplication Reduction Resection

68 PREFIXES Behind Backwards  RETRO- Retroaction Retroversion Retropharynx

69 PREFIXES Across  TRANS - Transabdominal Transference Transfusion

70 COMBINING FORMS ADEN/o  Gland Adenoma Adenosclerosis Adenotomy Adenodynia

71 COMBINING FORMS ARTHR/O  Joint Arthritis Arthroscopy Arthroplasty Arthrocentesis

72 COMBINING FORMS CARCIN/O  Cancer Carcinoma Carcinogen Carcinostatic Carcinolysis

73 COMBINING FORMS CYST/O  Fluid filled Sac  Bladder Cystic Cystitis

74 COMBINING FORMS CYT/O  Cell Cytology Cytogenic Cytonecrosis

75 COMBINING FORMS ERYTHR/O  Red Erythrocytosis Erythrophobia Erythropsia Erythroderma

76 COMBINING FORMS GEN/O  Causing  Caused by Carcinogenic Cytogenic

77 COMBINING FORMS HEM/O HEMAT/O  Blood Hematology Hemocytology

78 COMBINING FORMS IATR/O  Relating to treatment  Relating to physicians  Relating to medicine Iatrogenic Pediatrics

79 COMBINING FORMS LEUK/O  White Leukemia Leukocytosis

80 COMBINING FORMS PATH/O  Disease Pathology Pathologist

81 COMBINING FORMS PED/O  Child Pediatrics Pediatrician

82 COMBINING FORMS PHAG/O  To Eat Dysphagia Aphagia

83 COMBINING FORMS SECT/O  To Cut Section

84 COMBINING FORMS THROMB/O  Clot Thrombosis Thrombocytopenia

85 COMBINING FORMS VISCER/O  Internal Organ Visceral Visceromegaly

86 Internal Organ VISCER/O

87 Disease PATH/O

88 Cell CYT/O

89 Cancer CARCIN/O

90 Joint ARTHR/O

91 Blood Hemo/o Hemat/o

92 Arthritis ARTHR/ITIS WR S

93 Hepatitis HEPAT/ITIS WR S

94 Subhepatic SUB/HEPAT/IC P WR S

95 Intravenous INTRA/VEN/OUS P WR S

96 Arthropathy ARTHR/O/PATHY WR V S

97 Osteitis OSTE/ITIS WR S

98 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Alimentary Tract Digestive System –Abbreviated GI System or GI Tract –This system has three functions Digestion Absorption Elimination

99 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Organs of the Digestive Tract –Mouth –Pharynx or Throat –Esophagus –Stomach –Small Intestine –Large Intestine –Anus

100 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Accessory Organs –Salivary Glands –Liver –Bile Ducts –Gallbladder –Pancreas

101 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Other Structures –Peritoneum –Appendix –Abdomen

102 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Additional Terms –Bile or Biliary –Peristalsis

103 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Combining Forms  OR/OMouth or Oral Cavity  PHARYNG/OPharynx or Throat  ESOPHAG/OEsophagus  GASTR/OStomach  PYLOR/OPyloric sphincter  ILE/O, ENTER/O Small Intestine  DUODEN/ODuodenum  JEJUN/OJejunum  ILE/OIleum

104 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Combining Forms  COL/O; COLON/OColon, Large Intestine  CEC/OCecum  APPENDIC/O  APPEND/OAppendix  SIGMOID/OSigmoid Colon  RECT/ORectum  AN/OAnus  PROCT/ORectum & Anus

105 GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM Combining Forms  HEPAT/OLiver  CHOL/E, BIL/IBile  CHOLEDOCH/OBile Ducts  CHOLECYST/OGallbladder  PANCREAT/OPancreas  VISCER/OViscera (any internal organ)

106 GI - Combining Forms Combining Forms  BUCC/OCheek Buccal  CELI/OAbdomen/belly Celiac  LAPAR/OLaparotomy  GLOSS/OTongue Hemiglossectomy  LINGU/OLingual

107 GI - Combining Forms & Suffixes LITHI/OStonesCholelithiasis OMENT/OOmentumOmentectomy PERITONE/OPeritoneumPeritoneal SIALADEN/OSalivary Gland SIAL/OSalivary; SalivaSialism SIAL

108 #1 A partial or complete excision of the tongue is? Hemiglossectomy

109 #2 A plastic surgical repair of the esophagus? Esophagoplasty

110 #3 A surgical removal of part of all of the stomach? Gastrectomy

111 #4 The establishment of a permanent passage between the stomach and jejunum? Gastrojejunostomy

112 #5 The visual examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon? Proctosigmoidoscopy

113 #6 A plastic surgical repair of the small intestines? Enteroplasty

114 #7 The surgical creation of a permanent opening into the jejunum? Jejunostomy

115 #8 A surgical repair of the anus or rectum? Proctoplasty Anoplasty

116 #9 The surgical repair of a bile duct? Choledochoplasty

117 #10 Pertaining to under the tongue? Subglossal Sublingual

118 Cholecystectomy Procedure Surgical removal of the gallbladder

119 Hemicolectomy Procedure Removal of ½ or part of the colon

120 Pancreatoma Diagnosis Tumor of the Pancreas

121 Choledocholithiasis Diagnosis Abnormal condition of stones in the bile duct

122 Diverticulectomy Procedure Removal of Diverticula

123 Esophagogastoduodenoscopy Procedure Visual exam of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum

124 RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Provides oxygen to all body cells through blood Exchanges oxygen for carbon dioxide Eliminates carbon dioxide from the body

125 Organs of the Respiratory System EIGHT ORGANS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Nose Pharynx Larynx Trachea Bronchus Lungs Diaphragm Mediastinum

126 Additional Terms Respiratory System Apex (apices)Top portion of lung BaseLower portion of lung HilumMidline/bronchi enter lungs LobesDivision of lungs PleuraMembrane sac that surrounds each lung

127 Respiratory System Combining Forms NAS/ONose RHIN/ONose SINUS/OSinus PHARYNG/OPharynx TONSILL/OTonsil ADENOID/OAdenoid LARYNG/OLarynx EPIGLOTT/OEpiglottis

128 Respiratory System Combining Forms TRACHE/OTrachea BRONCH/OBronchus BRONCH/I BRONCHIOL/IBronchiole ALVEOL/OAlveolus

129 Respiratory System Combining Forms CYAN/OBlueCyanosis OX/OOxygenAnoxia LOB/OLobeLobectomy PECTOR/OChestPectoral THORAC/OThoracic PHREN/ODiaphragmPhrenic

130 Respiratory System Combining Forms & Suffixes PLEUR/OPleuraPleuritis -PNEABreathingDyspnea PNEUM/OLungPneumorrhagia PNEUMON/OPneumonitis PULMON/OPulmonary -PTYSISSpittingHemoptysis

131 #1 The digestive tract is also known as the GI or Alimentary Tract System.

132 #2 The combining form for stomach is Gastr/o.

133 #3 The space between the lungs is called the Mediastinum.

134 #4#4 The combining form “rhin/o” means Nose.

135 #5 The combining form for lung is Pneumo, Pneumon, Pulmon

136 #6 The suffix –pnea means breathing.

137 #7 The medical term for inflammation of the stomach and intestines is gastroenteritis.

138 #8 The definition of the suffix – algia is pain.

139 #9 The membrane surrounding each lung is called the pleura.

140 #10 The abbreviation NPO means nothing by mouth.

141 Thoracentesis Procedure A puncture of the chest.

142 Endotracheal Intubation Procedure Inserting a tube into the trachea.

143 Tracheostomy Procedure Creating a new opening in the trachea.

144 Hypoxia Diagnosis Low or deficient oxygen levels.

145 Rhinoplasty Procedure Surgical repair of the nose (nose job).

146 Question 6 What is the difference between a tracheotomy and tracheostomy? Stomy = new opening Tomy = incision/cut into

147 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Circulatory System Continually moves blood throughout the body in order to provide oxygen, hormones and nutrients to the body tissue Removes waste material

148 Parts of the Cardiovascular System  Heart  Muscular Organ  Circulates blood through body  Two upper chambers and two lower chambers

149 Cardiovascular - Valves Tricuspid Valve Bicuspid Valve Semilunar Valves

150 Three Layers of Heart Pericardium Myocardium Endocardium

151 Cardiovascular Blood Vessels Tube-like structures Carry blood through the body Average adult has over 60,000 miles of blood vessels in their body

152 Cardiovascular Arteries Carry blood away from heart Exception: Pulmonary Artery  Arterioles  Aorta

153 Cardiovascular Veins Carry blood back to the heart Exception: Pulmonary Vein  Venules  Vena Cava

154 Cardiovascular Capillaries Connect arterioles with venules  This is where the actual exchange of nutrients and waste occurs (good and bad)  Walls only one cell thick

155 Cardiovascular Blood Composed of plasma and formed elements  Plasma  Cells –Erythrocytes –Leukocytes –Platelets (thrombocytes)

156 Cardiovascular System Terms Pacemaker Coronary Arteries Septum Pericardium Systole Diastole Coagulation Platelets

157 Cardiovascular Combining Forms CARDI/OHeart ATRI/ORight or Left Atrium VALVUL/OAny Valve VENTRICUL/ORight or Left Ventricle

158 Cardiovascular Combining Forms AORT/OAorta ARTERI/O ARTER/OArtery ARTERIOL/OArteriole VENUL/OVenule VEN/O; PHLEB/OVein

159 Cardiovascular; Combining Forms, Prefixes & Suffixes ANGI/O Blood VesselAngiogram VAS/O Vasospasm -SCLEROSIS HardeningArteriosclerosis BRADY- SlowBradycardia -CYTE CellThrombocyte ERYTHR/O RedErythrocytes

160 Cardiovascular; Combining Forms, Prefixes & Suffixes LEUK/O WhiteLeukocytes MY/O MuscleCardiomyopathy -MEGALY EnlargementCardiomegaly ATHER/O PlaqueAtherosclerosis TACHY- FastTachycardia CHOLESTEROL/O Cholesterol ANEURYSM/O Aneurysm

161 LYMPHATIC SYSTEM Removal of excessive waste products Lymph vessels found throughout the body

162 Lymphatic System Parts Lymph Lymph Nodes Spleen Thymus Gland

163 Lymphatic System Combining Forms LYMPH/OLymph LYMPHADEN/OLymph node TONSILL/OTonsil ADENOID/OAdenoid THYM/OThymus SPLEN/OSpleen

164 1. Lymph Node C – Acts as a filter to keep bacteria from the blood

165 2. Aorta F – Largest artery in the body

166 3. Plasma G – Liquid portion of the blood

167 4. Vena Cava Largest vein in the body

168 5. Leukocyte I – White blood cell

169 6. Heart J - Pumps blood throughout the body.

170 7. Spleen H – Largest lymphatic organ in the body.

171 8. Erythrocyte A – Red blood cell

172 9. Vein E – Carries blood back to the heart

173 10. Artery D – Carries blood away from the heart

174 Hypercholesterolemia Diagnosis Blood condition of excessive cholesterol.

175 Aneurysmectomy Procedure Surgical removal of an aneurysm

176 Splenomegaly Diagnosis Enlargement of the spleen

177 Coronary Angiography Procedure A recording of the blood vessels in the heart

178 Procedure that uses ultrasound to assess the structures of the heart Echocardiography

179 Procedure that graphically records the electrical impluses of the heart on a strip of paper Electrocardiogrphy

180 Surgical puncture of the pericardium to remove fluid for testing in order to determine the causative organism of pericarditis Diagnostic Pericardiocentesis

181 Mitral stenosis MS

182 Series of tests that establish diagnosis and the extent of myocardial infarction by checking the release of cardiac enzymes into the blood Cardiac Enzyme Studies

183 Radiographic study to identify and locate thrombi in the veins of the legs Phlebography

184 Measures the efficiency of the heart when subjected to a predetermined exercise Stress/Exercise Testing

185 Myocardial Infarction MI

186 URINARY SYSTEM Filters waste material from the blood and eliminates it from the body Kidneys  Nephron  Glomerulus  Renal Pelvis Ureters Urinary Bladder Urethra Urine

187 Urinary System Terms Dialysis Diuresis Micturition Urinalysis

188 Urinary System Combining Forms REN/O, NEPHR/OKidney PYEL/ORenal Pelvis URETER/OUreter CYST/O, VESIC/OBladder TRIGON/OTrigone URETHR/OUrethra MEAT/OMeatus

189 Urinary System Combining Forms & Suffixes UR/OUrinationDysuria -URIA DIPS/OThirstPolydipsia GLYC/OSugarGlycosuria GLUC/O

190 Urinary System Combining Forms & Suffixes NOCT/ONightNocturia OLIG/OScantyOliguria BACTERI/OBacteriaBacteriuria LITH/OStoneUreterolithiasis

191 Kidney REN/O NEPHR/O

192 Bladder, Sac CYST/O VESIC/O

193 Ureter URETER/O

194 Renal Pelvis PYEL/O

195 Urethra URETHR/O

196 Meatus MEAT/O

197 Stone LITH/O

198 Urination UR/O

199 Sugar GLYC/O GLUC/O

200 Intravenous Pyleogram Procedure Tracing of the renal pelvis

201 Meatal Stenosis Diagnosis Tightening of the Meatus

202 Urethroplasty Procedure Surgical repair of the urethra

203 Nephrolithotomy Procedure Cut into the kidney for stone removal

204 REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM Produces cells and hormones Fertilization of sex cells Development and birth of offspring

205 Female Reproductive System Internal Organs Ovaries  Ovum  Graafian Follicles Fallopian tubes or uterine tubes Uterus  Endometrium  Cervix Vagina  Hymen Rectouterine Pouch

206 Female Reproductive System Glands Bartholin’s Glands Mammary Glands

207 Female Reproductive System External Structures Vulva (external genitals) Perineum

208 Female Reproduction Combining Forms OOPHOR/O; OVARI/OOvary SALPING/OFallopian Tube HYSTER/O; UTER/OUterus METRI/O; METR/O CERVIC/OCervix COLP/O; VAGIN/OVagina EPISI/O; VULV/OVulva MAMM/O; MAST/OBreast

209 Female Reproduction Combining Forms Prefixes & Suffixes MEN/O MenstruationMenorrhagia CULD/O Cul-de-sacCuldocentesis LACT/O MilkLactation -ARCHE BeginningMenarche MULTI- ManyMultiparous

210 Female Reproduction Combining Forms, Prefixes & Suffixes NULLI- None Nulliparous PRIMI- First Primigravida -RRHEA Flow, Discharge Menorrhea -TOCIA Labor, BirthDystocia -SALPINX Fallopian Tube O/O; OV/O Egg Ovulation OVUL/O

211 1.Mamm/o 2.Mast/o 3.Vagin/o 4.Hyster/o 5.Oophor/o 6.Episi/o 7.Salping/o 8.Colp/o 1.Breast 2.Breast 3.Vagina 4.Uterus 5.Ovary 6.Vulva 7.Fallopian Tubes 8.Vagina

212 Male Reproductive System Produces sperm Secretes the hormone testosterone

213 Male Reproductive System Seven Organs Testis or Testicle Vas Deferens Seminal Vesicles Prostate Gland Scrotum Penis Semen

214 Male Reproductive System Combining Forms SCROT/O Scrotum ORCHI/O; TEST/O Testicle, Testes VESICUL/O Seminal Vesicles VAS/O Vas Deferens URETHR/O Urethra PROSTAT/O Prostate BALAN/O Penis

215 STD’s - Sexually Transmitted Diseases 3 types - not all inclusive  Bacterial –Chlamydia –Gonorrhea –Syphilis  Viral –Genital Herpes –AIDS  Other –Trichomoniasis

216 Prostate PROSTAT/O

217 Testicle ORCHI/O TEST/O

218 Penis BALAN/O

219 Seminal Vesicles VESICUL/O

220 Vas Deferens VAS/O

221 Urethra URETHR/O

222 Prostatectomy Procedure Surgical removal of the prostate

223 Amenorrhea Diagnosis Without menstrual flow

224 Endometritis Diagnosis Inflammation of the uterus

225 Oophorectomy Procedure Surgical removal of an ovary

226 Vasectomy Procedure Surgical removal of the vas deferens

227 NERVOUS SYSTEM Communication Integration Control of body functions Recognition of sensory stimuli

228 Central Nervous System Organs Brain –Cerebrum or Forebrain Ventricles –Midbrain and Interbrain Thalamus Hypothalamus –Hindbrain Cerebellum –Brain Stem –Pons –Medulla Oblongata Spinal Cord Meninges

229 Peripheral Nervous System Organs Nerve –Cranial Nerves –Spinal Nerves Ganglion

230 Central Nervous System Combining Forms CEREBR/O Brain ENCEPHAL/O MYEL/O Spinal CordBone Marrow

231 Peripheral Nervous System Combining Form NEUR/O Nerve

232 SPECIALIZED SENSE ORGANS OCUL/O Eye OPT/O OPHTHALM/O OPTIC/O AUR/O Ear OT/O AURICUL/O

233 Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis Disease of the retina due to diabetes.

234 Neuroencephalomyelopathy Diagnosis Disease of the nerves, brain and spinal cord

235 Blepharitis Diagnosis Inflammation of the eyelid

236 Blepharoconjunctivitis Diagnosis Inflammation of the eyelid and lining of the eye

237 #5 Tympanoplasty and Myringoplasty are BOTH surgical repairs of the ear drum

238 INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM Protection Formation Regulation Collection

239 Integumentary System Skin  Epidermis –Keratin –Melanin  Corium or Dermis –Sweat Glands –Sebaceous Glands  Subcutaneous –Thick tissue

240 Integrementary

241 Integumentary System Accessory structures of the skin  Hair  Nails

242 Integumentary System Combining Forms DERM/O Skin DERMAT/O CUTANE/O TRICH/O Hair PIL/O ONYCH/O Nails UNGU/O SEB/O Sebum or Oil HIDR/O Sweat or Sweat Glands

243 Integumentary System MELAN/O BlackMelanoma ERYTHEM/O RednessErythematous ERYTHEMAT/O LIP/O FatLipoma CAUS/O BurningCausalgia

244 HIDR/O Sweat

245 DERM/O Skin

246 ONYCH/O Nail

247 TRICH/O Hair

248 DERMAT/O Skin

249 SEB/O Oil/Sebum

250 UNGU/O Nail

251 CUTANE/O Skin

252 Inflammation of the skin DERMATITIS

253 Pain in the skin DERMATALGIA DERMATODYNIA

254 One who specializes in studying skin disease DERMATOLOGIST

255 Pertaining to skin repair or skin grafting DERMATOPLASTY

256 The branch of medicine concerned with the study of the skin DERMATOLOGY

257 Abnormality of the skin DERMATITIS

258 THANK YOU!!! Questions may be directed to: Penny Osmon, BA, CPC (608)


Download ppt "BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Presented by: Penny Osmon, BA, CPC Wisconsin Medical Society Copyright 2007 Wisconsin Medical Society Your Doctor. Your Health."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google