Debt relief Fair trade Country giving aid to another country Short term aid Relieve a disaster situation such Haiti 2010 Donor country Given by one country to another – it may be tied aid Bilateral aid Producers in poorer countries are paid a fair price to attain a good standard of living Match the key development terms: Multilateral aid Bottom up aid Aid to provide health care, clean drinking water and money for education Aid given over a long period to aid development Money given to World Bank/IMF/UN which is redistributed to poorer countries Long term aid Top down aid Aid so governments can run better such as building roads Forgiving a debt, writing it off
Development projects: 1)When was the Cahora Bassa dam built? 2)What is the maximum width of the dam? 3)Why is the dam so controversial? 4)How could the dam be more of a success? 5)Why is ActionAid working in Kolkata, India? 6)How do ActionAid raise the money to provide for local communities? 7)What is the advantage of ActionAid using local people? 8)What is the name of the UK organisation that send gap year students to Uganda? 9)Provide 2 examples of work that the students do 10)What are the issues facing Bwanyanga village?
Cahora Bassa dam, Mozambique Background: Large scale project built in the 1960’s. Civil war prevented the development and use of the dam for 15 years. Largest HEP (hydro electric power) scheme in Southern Africa with 5 huge turbines making up 3 dams in total. The maximum width of the lake is 38km with an average depth of20m. Controversy: Only 1% of rural Mozambique have an electricity supply, with most power sold to South Africa. It has the potential to supply energy to whole of Mozambique. The dams have caused environmental damage, with low river flow affecting the shrimp fishing industry. Success or failure? Concentrating on Mozambique more would have made the dam more of a success. It should have also brought flooding under control, which has happened, but it can still be better managed.
ActionAid, Kolkata – medium scale aid project Background: ActionAid is a UK charity working in local communities such as Kolkata to reduce poverty. It targets HIV/Aids, hunger and food, women’s rights, the right to education, the right to security, the right to good government. Donors Some work is done through sponsorship schemes, with donors giving monthly to sponsor a child or family. Donors like the idea of improving the life chances of people so it is a success. Low technology is used Local people are involved and costs remain low. It is a good example of aid that is voluntary. Sustainability is an important part of ActionAid’s work with a focus on the environmental quality of Kolkata.
Community Youth Empowerment Programme, Uganda - a small scale aid project Background: Student Partnership Worldwide (SPW) is a UK based organisation. They place gap year students in development projects in Uganda. They work with school pupils and farmers. What they do: Volunteer students raise awareness of aids – focus on young people through education such as role plays and drama. They also improve knowledge on environmental health such as nutrition, sanitation and managing waste. They teach the importance of conservation and promote organic farming. Examples: Kebager village: natural springs were polluted – students made a water tank to keep pollution out. People took their supplies from this tap. Bwanyanga village: volunteer teachers focused on sexual health awareness and life skills. Issues with school fees affected attendance of pupils.
Why are medium and small- scale projects considered to be more appropriate than large scale ones?