2 Bell RingerList three things that Americans experienced during World War II on the home front.Objective: Through notes, article reading, and discussion students will identify the experiences of Americans on the Home front
3 The War EconomySmith-Connally Act- gave the govt. right to seize and operate industries threatened by or under strikes that would interfere with war production.War Production Board-Over saw purchase, production, and distribution of war materials. Urged people to ration resources.Office of Price AdministrationEnded the Great DepressionEra of industrial expansionIncrease in Personal income- poorest 20% rose nearly 70%Union membership grew from million in 1941 to million in 1945War Labor Board-Protected the right of labor to form unions, encouraged an 8 hour working day, safety inspections, and no child labor
5 Women at WarThrust into “inappropriate” roles such as factory work, heavy industrial jobs. Known as “Rosies.” Produced problems like discrimination, “Latch Key Children” or “eight hour orphans.”Most women worked in service-sector jobs, especially for the government. “Government Girls.”About 200,000 women joined the military. One called WAAC (Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps) had women be mail carriers, mechanics, clerical work, nurses, ambulance drivers, pilots, radio operators.
6 All the day long, Whether rain or shine, She's a part of the assembly line. She's making history, Working for victory, Rosie the Riveter. Keeps a sharp lookout for sabotage, Sitting up there on the fuselage. That little girl will do more than a male will do.Rosie's got a boyfriend, Charlie. Charlie, he's a Marine. Rosie is protecting Charlie, Working overtime on the riveting machine. When they gave her a production "E," She was as proud as she could be. There's something true about, Red, white, and blue about, Rosie the Riveter.
7 You know you’ve arrived when Mattel makes an action figure out of you!
9 Good Afternoon!Bell Ringer:1. Name one government agency established to oversee the home front economy2. Name one military organization women joined during WWII3. What was one name given to children whose mothers worked in the factories?Objective: Through notes, article reading, and discussion students will identify the experiences of Americans on the Home front
15 African Americans during WWII 4. What was the name of Truman’s executive order to outlaw discrimination in the armed forces?5. What were some of the limitations placed on the airmen during their training experiences?As you read the article answer the following questions…1. What was the act that banned racial discrimination in selective service?2. Why was Capt. Benjamin O. Davis Jr. chosen to lead the 99th?3. How successful were the 332nd fighters in the European theater?
16 Black Americans in Armed Forces Fought Nazi racism while experiencing racism1 mil black Americans servedBlack-only units w/ white officers (segregation)1944: African-Americans fight!1944: Marines allow blacks to fight; before limited to transport, cooks & laborDistinguished service in Battle of the Bulge, Iwo Jima332nd Fighter Squadron legendary; “Tuskegee Airmen”Navy had worst discriminationOnly 58 black officers by end of warBlacks given worst jobs, like loading ammo ships
17 Welcome Back!Bell ringer: What was the name of African- American squadron that fought in the North African and Italian campaigns?
18 African Americans in the Work Place African-Americans answer the call400,000 immigrated from SouthOn average, doubled wages to $1000/yearDiscrimination follows immigrantsBlack workers made 1/2 white workers’ payFDR’s Exec Order supposed to end pay discrimination in defense work; ignored1942, Packard Electronics, Detroit: 3,000 white workers & managers walk out when 3 black Americans given raises due to EO 8802Race riots in 47 cities; worst in Detroit June-July 1943Despite troubles, WWII sowed seeds of Civil Rights Movement in 1950s-60s
20 Good Afternoon!What was the name for the two groups of Japanese Americans living in the United States?What was the name of the executive order given by Roosevelt?Objective: Through analyzing the court case Korematsu v. US students will identify reasons for and against the internment of Japanese Americans
21 Japanese AmericansNisei- American born who had Japanese heritage. 35,000 fought in the war.Isei-Native Japanese who moved to the United States.1942- FDR signed Executive Order All Japanese Americans suspected of being loyal to Japan would be detained in Interment Camps. (last camp closed in 1946)Korematsu V. United States5,000 left and went to live in Japan.
22 Outcome…Civil Liberties Act of contained a formal apology -- as well as provisions for monetary reparations to the Japanese Americans interned during the war.In 1998, President Bill Clinton awarded Fred Korematsu the Presidential Medal of Freedom.The redress program made $20,000 payments to 82,210 Japanese Americans or their heirs