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WORLD WAR II THE HOME FRONT. Bell Ringer  List three things that Americans experienced during World War II on the home front.  Objective: Through notes,

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Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II THE HOME FRONT. Bell Ringer  List three things that Americans experienced during World War II on the home front.  Objective: Through notes,"— Presentation transcript:

1 WORLD WAR II THE HOME FRONT

2 Bell Ringer  List three things that Americans experienced during World War II on the home front.  Objective: Through notes, article reading, and discussion students will identify the experiences of Americans on the Home front

3 The War Economy ► Ended the Great Depression ► Era of industrial expansion ► Increase in Personal income- poorest 20% rose nearly 70% ► Union membership grew from 10.5 million in 1941 to 13.5 million in 1945 ► War Labor Board-Protected the right of labor to form unions, encouraged an 8 hour working day, safety inspections, and no child labor ► Smith-Connally Act- gave the govt. right to seize and operate industries threatened by or under strikes that would interfere with war production. ► War Production Board-Over saw purchase, production, and distribution of war materials. Urged people to ration resources. ► Office of Price Administration

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5 Women at War ► Thrust into “inappropriate” roles such as factory work, heavy industrial jobs. Known as “Rosies.” Produced problems like discrimination, “Latch Key Children” or “eight hour orphans.” ► Most women worked in service-sector jobs, especially for the government. “Government Girls.” ► About 200,000 women joined the military. One called WAAC (Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps) had women be mail carriers, mechanics, clerical work, nurses, ambulance drivers, pilots, radio operators.

6 All the day long, Whether rain or shine, She's a part of the assembly line. She's making history, Working for victory, Rosie the Riveter. Keeps a sharp lookout for sabotage, Sitting up there on the fuselage. That little girl will do more than a male will do. Rosie's got a boyfriend, Charlie. Charlie, he's a Marine. Rosie is protecting Charlie, Working overtime on the riveting machine. When they gave her a production "E," She was as proud as she could be. There's something true about, Red, white, and blue about, Rosie the Riveter.

7 You know you’ve arrived when Mattel makes an action figure out of you!

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9 Good Afternoon!  Bell Ringer:  1. Name one government agency established to oversee the home front economy  2. Name one military organization women joined during WWII  3. What was one name given to children whose mothers worked in the factories?  Objective: Through notes, article reading, and discussion students will identify the experiences of Americans on the Home front

10 Women and Propaganda

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14 Dr. Seuss!

15 African Americans during WWII  As you read the article answer the following questions…  1. What was the act that banned racial discrimination in selective service?  2. Why was Capt. Benjamin O. Davis Jr. chosen to lead the 99 th ?  3. How successful were the 332 nd fighters in the European theater?  4. What was the name of Truman’s executive order to outlaw discrimination in the armed forces?  5. What were some of the limitations placed on the airmen during their training experiences?

16 Black Americans in Armed Forces ► Fought Nazi racism while experiencing racism  1 mil black Americans served  Black-only units w/ white officers (segregation) ► 1944: African-Americans fight!  1944: Marines allow blacks to fight; before limited to transport, cooks & labor  Distinguished service in Battle of the Bulge, Iwo Jima  332 nd Fighter Squadron legendary; “Tuskegee Airmen” ► Navy had worst discrimination  Only 58 black officers by end of war  Blacks given worst jobs, like loading ammo ships

17 Welcome Back!  Bell ringer: What was the name of African- American squadron that fought in the North African and Italian campaigns?

18 African Americans in the Work Place ► African-Americans answer the call  400,000 immigrated from South  On average, doubled wages to $1000/year ► Discrimination follows immigrants  Black workers made 1/2 white workers’ pay  FDR’s Exec Order 8802 supposed to end pay discrimination in defense work; ignored  1942, Packard Electronics, Detroit: 3,000 white workers & managers walk out when 3 black Americans given raises due to EO 8802  Race riots in 47 cities; worst in Detroit June-July 1943  Despite troubles, WWII sowed seeds of Civil Rights Movement in 1950s-60s

19 Japanese-Americans

20 Good Afternoon!  What was the name for the two groups of Japanese Americans living in the United States?  What was the name of the executive order given by Roosevelt?  Objective: Through analyzing the court case Korematsu v. US students will identify reasons for and against the internment of Japanese Americans

21 Japanese Americans ► Nisei- American born who had Japanese heritage. 35,000 fought in the war. ► Isei-Native Japanese who moved to the United States. ► FDR signed Executive Order All Japanese Americans suspected of being loyal to Japan would be detained in Interment Camps. (last camp closed in 1946) ► Korematsu V. United States ► 5,000 left and went to live in Japan.

22 Outcome…  Civil Liberties Act of 1988 contained a formal apology -- as well as provisions for monetary reparations to the Japanese Americans interned during the war.  In 1998, President Bill Clinton awarded Fred Korematsu the Presidential Medal of Freedom.  The redress program made $20,000 payments to 82,210 Japanese Americans or their heirs

23 Gordon Hirabayashi

24 Good Afternoon…  Bell Ringer: Answer Review Questions  Objective: Through notes, discussion, video clip, and activity, students will understand how the Navajo language was used in World War II.

25 Native Americans ► Less discriminated that African Americans ► 25,000 saw service, including Navajo Code Talkers. ► However, Native Americans on reservations did not benefit from the war time economy.

26 Activity….  With a partner…  1. Write your partner’s name out in Navajo  2. Write your neighbor a message in Navajo  3. Write out a military message in Navajo

27 Zoot Suit Riots  Series of riots in LA in August, 1942 between white Sailors and Marines and Latino youths, recognized by the Zoot suits they wore.


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