Presentation on theme: "The 8 Essential Functions CJ-7 Training and Exercises (TREX)"— Presentation transcript:
The 8 Essential Functions CJ-7 Training and Exercises (TREX)
Content 1.The 8 EF’s (know what are they and why were they developed) 2. Alignment EF’s with ASI/ANSF (know it is not an isolated CF-system) 3. Process Maps (know what they look like)
Background Security Force Assistance (SFA) matured from 5 Functional Pillars (FPs) to 8 Essential Functions (EFs); 5 Pillars too tactically focused (fight the war) 8 Essential Functions necessary to (sustain the ANSF) – EFs integrate ministerial, institutional, & fielded force levels – Achieve ASI/ANSF sustainability – Focus GIRoA/CF problem-solving – Maintain IC support – Enable ASI/ANSF to fight insurgency – Enable withdrawal of CF 3
OPPLAN CONOPS The 8EF are Afghan system focus areas. These functions are interdependent and, taken as a whole, contribute to Afghan sustainability. They span across all levels of conflict, from the tactical to the strategic. Each Essential Function consists of Afghan systems, processes, and organizations necessary to implement the Function. These systems, processes, and organization have friction points, which prevent efficient flow of information and resources. Advisors focus on influencing these processes; however advisors should not directly impact the process. Afghan sustainability must evolve in a way that allows for enduring progress.
From 5 Pillars to 8 Essential Functions NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED Leadership CAI / ILS Training Sustainment C2 The processes found in the 5 Functional Pillars were re-assigned to the 8 Essential Functions EF 1 PPBE EF 2 TAO EF 3 CivGov/RoL EF 4 Force Gen EF 5 Sustainment EF 6 ESC EF 7 Intelligence EF 8 StratComm 5
The 8 Essential Functions The 8 Essential Functions provide the framework and desired outcomes in target areas to achieve Afghan sustainability. Each EF contains a series of Afghan processes with tactical, operational, and strategic characteristic, all of which may have interactions across other EFs. This multi-echelon level of advising and cross-functional coordination allows analysis of Afghan process issues through multiple lenses. NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED 6
Essential Functions Plan, Program, Budget and Execute; generate requirements, develop a resource informed budget and execute a spend plan. (PPBE) Internal controls to assure Transparency, Accountability, and Oversight. (TAO) Civilian governance of the ASI, including adherence to the Rule of Law. (ROL) Force Generate; recruit, train, retain, manage and develop a professional ANSF. (FORGEN) NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED 7 IC SUPPORT
Essential Functions Sustain the force through effective facilities management, maintenance, medical, and logistics systems. (SUSTAIN) Plan, resource and execute effective security campaigns and operations. (ESC) Sufficient Intelligence capabilities and processes. (INTEL) Maintain internal and external Strategic Communication capabilities. (STRAT COMM) NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED 8 AIM FACILITATE ENABLE
2. Alignment with ASI/ANSF priorities NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED
Essential Function Priorities ESSENTIAL FUNCTION 2 1ISAF identify ASI/ANSF individual(s) responsible for TAO, individuals responsible for development and/or compliance with internal controls, oversight organizations and their authorities; Ministers review/approve/advocate for current or new authorizations for oversight organizations 2MoI/MoD establish an empowered Ministerial Internal Controls Program (MICP). Focus on unit readiness, effectiveness, review of controls. Reports inform IC for Chicago/TMAF/Commitment Letter compliance 3ASI/ANSF leaders conduct a review of critical financial & non-financial processes, assess current controls; Implement a plan to strengthen or establish new controls ESSENTIAL FUNCTION 3 1Monitor, report, investigate and adjudicate allegations of GVHR and EJV/EJK; internal disciplinary matters 2Use of ANSF internal disciplinary procedures to investigate and adjudicate violations 3Encourage institutionalization and effectuation of professionalization training (including on new laws), to facilitate coordination and communication between ANSF and Rule of Law actors, and to establish effective and transparent criminal and disciplinary systems. ESSENTIAL FUNCTION 4 1Support ANA clarification of the roles, C2, structure, resourcing (including training gap analysis) and relationship of Corps Training Kandaks and Branch Schools. 2TED COMD established/define roles/ responsibilities of training & education enterprise leadership 3Strengthen TGC C2 over ANP training enterprise 4Educate ANA about strategic management capability of AHRIMS & build confidence in automated personnel processes ESSENTIAL FUNCTION 8 1.Sustain Security News Desk capability 2.Sustain School of Public Affairs 3.Sustain AIDO capability 4.Train ANA leaders on IO capabilities 5.Sustain GMIC capacity 2. EF alignment with MOD / MOI 10 MINDEF Priorities 1.Win the current fight 2.Long-term sustainment of the Force 3.Facilitate a peaceful political transition 4.Close the capability Gaps 5.Develop border security strategy 6.Develop leaders / Educate the force 7.Implement viable counter-corruption program 8.Strengthen institutional capacity 9.Individual and collective training at the unit level 10. Budget Development and Execution MININT Priorities 1.Post Election Security 2.Highway & Convoy Security 3.Provincial Security 4.Budget Execution & Development 5.Ministerial / Political Transition 6.Fight against Corruption 7.Logistics and Sustainment 8.Inter-ministerial Security Coordination 9.International Standards 10. Professionalization of MoI
2. PRIORITIES FOR MoI/MoD PriorityMINDEF PrioritiesOPR 1. CloseWin the current fight – defeat the insurgencyEF 6 2. DeepLong-term sustainment of the forceEF 5 3. DeepFacilitate a peaceful political transitionEF 3 4. CloseClose the capability gapsEF 4/6 5. CloseDevelop border security strategyEF 6 6. DeepDevelop leaders / educate the forceEF 4 7. DeepImplement viable counter-corruption programEF 2/3 8. DeepStrengthen institutional capacityN/A 9. Close Individual and collective training at the unit level EF 4 MoI as at 12 Aug 14MoD as at 17 Jul 14 PrioritiesCoGS PrioritiesOPR 1. CloseSustained security operationsEF 6 2. CloseANA support to movement of election materialsEF 6 3. CloseInauguration SecurityEF 6 PrioritiesCoGS PrioritiesOPR 4. DeepBase transition and securityEF 5 5. CloseAddressing capability gapsEF 4,6 6. CloseSustaining current capabilities – logistics, maintenance, supply EF 5 Example as of : 12 Aug 2014 NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED
3. Process Maps NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED Maybe western visualization of Afghan process but: -Are being made by former advisors ICCW Afghan counterparts -Visualize extensive advisor efforts -Are the best tool available to investigate and solve problems -Are the means to minimize patronage/regional influence on Afghan systems -Are essential for nation building -Are essential to achieve sustaining ANSF ANNEX B in Guide!
B 15 Process Map NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED EF 4 Force Generation
B 19 Process Map NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED EF 5 Force Sustainment
Terms of Reference for Operationalizing Functionally-Based Security Force Assistance Operationalization of Functionally Based Security Force Assistance Handbook v 1.1 A_Key_Documents/Operationalization_of_FB_SFA_Handbook_Version_1.1.pdf FRAGO Operationalization of FB-SFA FRAGO _Operationalizing_FB-SFA.pdf RS Security Force Assistance Guide 3.0 SC/FBSFA%20Rollout%20-%20Jul2014/ SFA%203.0%20Final%20v2.pdf SC/FBSFA%20Rollout%20-%20Jul2014/ SFA%203.0%20Final%20v2.pdf SFA Centre Portal SFA Collaboration Site CAAT Portal References NATO/ISAF UNCLASSIFIED