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本课出现的主要动词的过去式和过去分词 ring get go leave start be take run wake rang rung got gotten went gone left started was/were been took taken ran run woke woken.

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Presentation on theme: "本课出现的主要动词的过去式和过去分词 ring get go leave start be take run wake rang rung got gotten went gone left started was/were been took taken ran run woke woken."— Presentation transcript:

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3 本课出现的主要动词的过去式和过去分词 ring get go leave start be take run wake rang rung got gotten went gone left started was/were been took taken ran run woke woken

4 By the time…… 到 …. 的时候 By the time I got home, By the time I came in, By the time I got to school, By the time the bell rang, By the time I got up,

5 I got home now 9:00pm 8:00pm My little brother went to bed By the time I got home, my little brother had gone to bed

6 I got to school now 8:15 8:00am The teacher came into the classroom By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom

7 By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.

8 她出去的时候, 公共汽车已经开走了. by the time 意思是 “ 到 … 的时候 ”, 相当于 when, 后接过去时的句子 时, 主语的谓语动词用过去完成时态.

9 The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时 1. 过去完成时的构成 助动词 had ( 用于各种人称和数 ) + 过去分词 2. 过去完成时态的含义 : 主要是表示在过去某个时间, 或是动作 之前已经发生或完成的动作. 也就是: 过去的过去.

10 过去完成时态的用法: 1 、表示过去的过去,通常由 when 或 by 引导 的短语或者从句做时间状语或时间状语从 句 ① By the end of last year, I had learned about one thousand English words ② By the time he was twenty, he had won about ten medals ③ When I got there, they had already left

11 2 、常用在宾语从句中 ① He told me he had already finished his homework ② I realized he had fooled me again 3 、体现在上下文中 I didn’t go to the movies yesterday because I had seen it twice

12 连词成句。 5. We, somebody, broken, our, found, had, window, that. 3. By the time, into, the class, the classroom, started, she, had, went, already, the teacher, 2. She, last, 2000, had, month, English, words, by the end of, learnt. 4. When, had, got, football, started, there, the, match, we, already. 1.I, before, finished, had, supper, my, homework.

13 What do you usually do in the morning before school? brush my teeth take a shower have breakfast go to school

14 Have you ever been late for school? Why were you late for school? Because I got up late. Because I overslept. oversleep v. 睡过头、睡得过久 Her alarm clock went off. It was already 7:10. go off ( 闹钟 ) 闹响

15 1. She overslept. 2. Someone was taking a shower. 3. The bus left. 4. She had to run to school quickly. 5. She left her backpack at home.

16 1b 1.By the time I got up, my brother already in the shower. 2.By the time I got outside,the bus already. 3.When I got to school, I realized I my backpack at home. gotten had left

17 Look at the pictures below and tell what happened to Tina this morning. B: She overslept. And by the time she got up, her brother had already gotten in the shower. A: What happened to Tina?

18 2a Number the pictures 1-4 in the correct order

19 2b 1.When I (get home), I (realize) I (leave) my keys in the backpack. 2.By the time I (get) back to school, the bell (ring). 3.By the time I (walk) into class, the teacher (start) teaching already. got home got had rung walked had started realized had left

20 ring get go leave start be take run wake rang rung got gotten went gone left started was/were been took taken ran run woke woken Make three sentences with each word. Please use its three forms.

21 What happened to Tina this morning?

22 Tina overslept yesterday. … Tell a story about Tina’s morning. By the time she got up, her brother had already gotten in the shower. After he got out of the shower, she took a quick shower and got dressed. But by the time she went outside, the bus had already left. So she had to run all the way to school. When she got to school, she realized that she had left her backpack at home .

23 Then she ran home to get her backpack. What was worse, when she got home, she realized she had left her keys in the backpack. So she ran back to school without her keys or her backpack. By the time she got back to school, the bell had rung. By the time she walked into class, the teacher had already started teaching.

24 2c pair work Make up an ending for the story and share it with the rest of the class.

25 Give us an event to each picture: woke up latetook a showergot to the bus stop ran to schoolforgot her backpackleft keys in the bag ran back to schoolgot to the classroom started class

26 1 . Her alarm clock didn’t go off. 2 . Her father went into bathroom. 3 . She woke up late. 4 . She took a quick shower. 5 . She had some breakfast. 6 . She ran off to bus stop. 7. The bus left. 8 . She started walking. 9 . They gave her a ride. 10 . She got to school. 11 . The bell was ringing. 12 . She got into the classroom. She got a ride. Read the story and write the events in the correct order.

27 I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. My alarm clock didn’t go off, and by the time I woke up, my father had already gone into the bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. I had to really rush. I took a quick shower, had some breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop. 现在完成时态 /klous/ring 醒来 等候他出来 出来 run very quickly took a shower quickly

28 Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had already left. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to school on time. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. When I got to school, the final bell was ringing. I only just made it to my class. Unluckily I could be late for school.Fortunately 从旁边路过 让某人搭便车 办成功,做成

29 1.I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. 我上学从未迟到过, 但是昨天差一点儿就迟到了。 1.I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. 我上学从未迟到过, 但是昨天差一点儿就迟到了。 Explanation ( 1 ) I’ve 是 I have 的缩写, have been late 是现 在完成时, 其构成是 have / has + done e.g. I have been here since 1999 . 自 1999 年以来我就在这儿。 e.g. She hasn’t worked for 2 years . 她已 2 年不工作了。

30 ( 2 ) be late for 意为 “…… 迟到 ”, for 为介词,所以 其后须跟名词。 e.g. Don’t be late for the meeting . 开会别迟到了。 e.g. Tom has been late for class twice. 汤姆上课已经迟到两次了。 ( 2 ) be late for 意为 “…… 迟到 ”, for 为介词,所以 其后须跟名词。 e.g. Don’t be late for the meeting . 开会别迟到了。 e.g. Tom has been late for class twice. 汤姆上课已经迟到两次了。 ( 3 ) close 在此为 adv. “ 接近地, 靠近地 ” 。 此处 came very close 意为 “ 到时与迟到很接近 ” 。 close n. “ 关闭 ” adj. “ 亲近的、亲密的 ” close friends ( 3 ) close 在此为 adv. “ 接近地, 靠近地 ” 。 此处 came very close 意为 “ 到时与迟到很接近 ” 。 close n. “ 关闭 ” adj. “ 亲近的、亲密的 ” close friends

31 2. My alarm clock didn’t go off, … 闹钟没有响 …… go off 意为 “ (闹钟)闹响 ” 。 e.g. Although the alarm clock went off, he didn’t wake up . 虽然闹钟大响, 但是他还是没有醒来。 2. My alarm clock didn’t go off, … 闹钟没有响 …… go off 意为 “ (闹钟)闹响 ” 。 e.g. Although the alarm clock went off, he didn’t wake up . 虽然闹钟大响, 但是他还是没有醒来。 3. wait for sb . “ 等某人 ” , wait to do sth . “ 等着做某事 ” , wait for sb to do sth. “ 等某人做某事 ” 。 3. wait for sb . “ 等某人 ” , wait to do sth . “ 等着做某事 ” , wait for sb to do sth. “ 等某人做某事 ” 。 4. on time 准时 in time 及时 at any time 在任何时候 all the time 一直;始终 sometimes / at times / from time to time 有时, 不时 4. on time 准时 in time 及时 at any time 在任何时候 all the time 一直;始终 sometimes / at times / from time to time 有时, 不时

32 幸运的是, 我的朋友托尼和他爸爸开车从我身边经过, 他们让我搭了便车。 5. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. (1) luckily 是个副词, 常在句中作状语, 意为 “ 幸运地;有运气地 ” 。 e.g. Luckily I didn’t hurt myself when I fell. (3) give sb. a ride 意为 “ 让某人搭便车 ” ride n. “ 搭车,乘车 ” e.g. If you go to the school, I can give you a ride. (3) give sb. a ride 意为 “ 让某人搭便车 ” ride n. “ 搭车,乘车 ” e.g. If you go to the school, I can give you a ride. ( 2 ) come by 意为 “ 经过,走过 ” 。 e.g. Please let the car come by . 请让车过去。 ( 2 ) come by 意为 “ 经过,走过 ” 。 e.g. Please let the car come by . 请让车过去。 e.g. I want to get a ride. 我想搭个便车。 get a ride 意为 “ 搭便车 ” 。

33 6. I only just made it to my class . 我恰好到教室。 6. I only just made it to my class . 我恰好到教室。 make it 意为 “ 办成功,做成 ” 。 这里指的是没有迟到,准时赶到。 make it 意为 “ 办成功,做成 ” 。 这里指的是没有迟到,准时赶到。 - Have you got the job? -你得到那份工作了吗? - Have you got the job? -你得到那份工作了吗? - Yes, I made it . -是的,我成功了。 - Yes, I made it . -是的,我成功了。

34 1.Have you ever overslept? 2.Have you ever been late for school? 3.Have you ever left your homework at home? 4.Have you ever locked your keys in your house? 5.Have you ever forgotten a relative’s birthday? 6.Have you ever forgotten a doctor’s or dentist’s appointment? Choose one question to make a conversation like the one in 3c

35 翻译下列句子。 1. 当我回家时,我意识到我把钥匙忘在教室里了。 2. 我睡过头了是因为我的闹钟没有响。 3. 到他叫醒我时,约翰已经奔向学校了。 4. 幸运的是,杰克的父亲让我搭了便车。

36 woke up rushed to realized chatted with had lunch with relatives watched TV went to sleep Write about Luo Ming’s day.

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38 Word Study fool invite costume embarrassed go off get up get dressed empty show up realize change clock exhausted stay up v. 邀请 n. 服装 adj. 窘迫的 ( 闹钟 ) 闹响起床 穿衣服 出席, 出现 v. 意识到 n. 钟表 adj. 筋疲力尽的熬夜 n. 傻瓜 /v. 愚弄, 欺骗 adj. 空的 /v. 倒空 n.&v. 改变

39 Nouns (people, place, things) Verbs (action words) Adjectives (words that describe) fool costume change clock foolgo off get dressed show up change invite get up realize stay up empty exhausted empty

40 Say something that happened to you by using two or more phrases from Activity 1a. Last Friday night my friend invited me to watch some videos. We stayed up really late. On Saturday I was exhausted.

41 1.dentist homework relative fool 2.embarrassed exhausted happy lock 3.costume break down show up oversleep 4.farmer go off stay up realize In each line, circle the word that doesn’t belong.

42 1.I was waiting for the school bus but it didn’t come. Then I ________ it was Saturday. 2.I woke up late this morning. I had to really ______ to get to school on time. 3.There’s a good TV show tonight but it’s at 1:00 am. I don’t want to _________ that late. 4.Sally _______ me to her birthday party. It’s at her house on Saturday. 5.Do you know where John is? He was going to meet me earlier but he didn’t _________. rush realize invite show up stay up realized invited

43 No name JoeNick Dave Listen and write each person’s name under the correct picture.

44 1.______ a costume party 2.______ my alarm went off 3.______ stayed up all night 4. ______ was exhausted 5. ______ really embarrassed 6. ______ the other kids showed up D D N N J J J J D D N N Write “D”(for David), “N”(for Nick) and “J” (for Joe).

45 Tell the April Fool’s Day stories about Dave, Nick or Joe. A: What happened to Dave on April Fool’s Day? B: Well, a friend invited him to a costume party……

46 Dave has ever been an April fool. A friend once … Nick was fooled last April Fool’s Day. His brother changed Nick’s alarm clock to an hour earlier… Jeo’s friend fooled him last April first …

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48 In 1938, a radio program by actor Orson Welles announced that aliens from Mars had landed on the Earth. He described where they had landed and told how they were moving across the United States. Welles was so convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country. By the time the authorities revealed that the story was a hoax, thousands of people had fled from their homes. 宣称 描述 令人信服的 恐慌激起 权威机构揭露 骗局逃离

49 One April Fool’s Day, a reporter in England announced that there would be no more spaghetti because the spaghetti farmers in Italy had stopped growing spaghetti. Many people ran to their local supermarket to buy as much spaghetti as they could. By the time people realized that the story was a hoax, all of the spaghetti across the country had been sold out. 意大利式细面条 农夫 卖完 sell out

50 A famous TV star once invited his girlfriend onto his show on April Fool’s Day. He asked her to marry him. She was thrilled, because she really wanted to get married. However, when she said “yes”, he replied, “April Fool!” That little joke didn’t have a very happy ending. The TV star lost both his girlfriend and his show. 女朋友 嫁 ( 使 ) 非常激动 结婚 结局

51 1.Orson Welles said on a TV program that aliens from Mars had landed on the Earth. 2. People said the story was a hoax. 3. Many people had run away from their homes. F F T on a radio program The authorities

52 In 1938, a radio program by actor Orson Welles announced that aliens from Mars had landed on the Earth. He described where they had landed and told how they were moving across the United States. Welles was so convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country. By the time the authorities revealed that the story was a hoax, thousands of people had fled from their homes. 宾语从句 结果状语从句 宾语从句 run away from, escape from

53 convincing adj. “ 令人信服的 ” 你认为谁最令人信服? Who do you think is the most convincing? convince v. “ 使确信、 使信服 ” convince sb. of sth. / convice sb. that+ 从句 I couldn’t convince my brother of his mistake. 我无法使我的弟弟明白他的错误。 set off “ 激起、引起 ” The news set off a rush of activities. 这消息令人蜂拥而动。 set off “ 出发, 开始 ” They’ll set off on a journey around the world. 他们将要出发环球旅行。 set off “ 激起、引起 ” The news set off a rush of activities. 这消息令人蜂拥而动。 set off “ 出发, 开始 ” They’ll set off on a journey around the world. 他们将要出发环球旅行。 Explanation

54 Welles was so convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country . Welles 是如此地让人信任,以至于成百上千的人都相信了这个故事, 进而激起了全国性的恐慌。 Welles was so convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country . Welles 是如此地让人信任,以至于成百上千的人都相信了这个故事, 进而激起了全国性的恐慌。 so …that… “ 如此 … 以至于 …” so + adj./adv. that + 从句 This book is so interesting that everyone in our class wants to read it . 这本书是如此的有趣以至于全班同学都想看看. He ran so quickly that I couldn’t catch up with him . 他跑得那么快, 以至于我跟不上他。 so …that… “ 如此 … 以至于 …” so + adj./adv. that + 从句 This book is so interesting that everyone in our class wants to read it . 这本书是如此的有趣以至于全班同学都想看看. He ran so quickly that I couldn’t catch up with him . 他跑得那么快, 以至于我跟不上他。

55 1.Why would there be no more spaghetti? 2.What did people do when they heard the news? 3.What had happened when people realized the Because the spaghetti farmers in Italy had stopped growing spaghetti. Many people ran to their local supermarket to buy as much spaghetti as they could. All of the spaghetti across the country had been sold out. story was a hoax?

56 One April Fool’s Day, a reporter in England announced that there would be no more spaghetti because the spaghetti farmers in Italy had stopped growing spaghetti. Many people ran to their local supermarket to buy as much spaghetti as they could. By the time people realized that the story was a hoax, all of the spaghetti across the country had been sold out. 宾语从句 sell out There be 结构 stop doing 比较状语从句 as… as… as possible

57 1. A famous star invited his girlfriend onto his show. 2. He really wanted to marry his girlfriend but she refused. 3.The little joke had a very happy ending. T F F He didn’t really want to marry his girlfriend. The little joke didn’t have a very happy ending.

58 A famous TV star once invited his girlfriend onto his show on April Fool’s Day. He asked her to marry him. She was thrilled, because she really wanted to get married. However, when she said “yes”, he replied, “April Fool!” That little joke didn’t have a very happy ending. The TV star lost both his girlfriend and his show. 请某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth. … 和 … 都 both … and…

59 She was thrilled, because she really wanted to get married . 她非常感动,因为她的确想结婚。 thrill v. “ 震颤, 使激动 ”, 多用于被动语态 be thrilled, 表示 “ 很感动,受到震颤的 ” 。 We were thrilled with joy . 我们高兴极了。 She was thrilled, because she really wanted to get married . 她非常感动,因为她的确想结婚。 thrill v. “ 震颤, 使激动 ”, 多用于被动语态 be thrilled, 表示 “ 很感动,受到震颤的 ” 。 We were thrilled with joy . 我们高兴极了。 marry v. “ 嫁,娶,结婚 ” Henry didn’t marry until he was over fifty . 亨利直到过了 50 岁才结婚。 marry sb. 表示 “ 嫁给某人 ” 、 “ 娶了某人 ” 或 “ 和某人结婚 ” John is going to marry Jane. 约翰要和简结婚了。 marry v. “ 嫁,娶,结婚 ” Henry didn’t marry until he was over fifty . 亨利直到过了 50 岁才结婚。 marry sb. 表示 “ 嫁给某人 ” 、 “ 娶了某人 ” 或 “ 和某人结婚 ” John is going to marry Jane. 约翰要和简结婚了。 Explanation

60 believable unbelievable adj. 可信的 The first story really happened. The radio program was called “The War of the World.”

61 句型转换。 1.Her friend had already posted the photos for her. ( 变否定句 ) Her friend ____ ____ the photos for her ____. 2. I have kept the dog for three years.( 划线部分提问 ) _____ _____ have you kept the dog? 3. They said that they had never been to Japan for holidays, _____ _____? ( 反意疑问句 ) 4. I didn’t know anything about Robert Allen. I _____ _____ about Robert Allen.( 变否定句 ) 5. Miss Liu didn’t sleep well last night because the wind made too much noise.( 划线部分提问 ) ____ ____ Miss Liu ____ well last night?


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