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Bellwork # Imagine that a serious contagious illness is spreading across the country. Hospitals desperately need volunteers to help care for the sick.

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Presentation on theme: "Bellwork # Imagine that a serious contagious illness is spreading across the country. Hospitals desperately need volunteers to help care for the sick."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bellwork # Imagine that a serious contagious illness is spreading across the country. Hospitals desperately need volunteers to help care for the sick. But you have an isolated cabin deep in the woods where you could go with a few friends or family members. What would you do? Explain. Imagine that a serious contagious illness is spreading across the country. Hospitals desperately need volunteers to help care for the sick. But you have an isolated cabin deep in the woods where you could go with a few friends or family members. What would you do? Explain. (1/2 page)

2 “The Masque of the Red Death” Edgar Allan Poe

3 ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “stories and poems dwell on the supernatural and on crime, torture, premature burial, and death” burial, and death” “reflects the dark, nightmare side of the imagination”

4 ABOUT THE AUTHOR: American author and poetAmerican author and poet Known for Horror, Suspense, Mystery, and Gothic Fiction.Known for Horror, Suspense, Mystery, and Gothic Fiction. Family and friends abandoned him or DIED!Family and friends abandoned him or DIED! Married his 13 year old cousinMarried his 13 year old cousin Suffered from loneliness and had a drinking and gambling problem.Suffered from loneliness and had a drinking and gambling problem. The cause of his death remains unknown!!!The cause of his death remains unknown!!! Edgar Allan Poe ( )

5 “The Masque of the Red Death” THE TITLE???

6 Masque (masquerade)-a party at which masks and costumes are worn. Masque (masquerade)-a party at which masks and costumes are worn.

7 Black Plague Plague is a contagious bacterial disease that spreads rapidly and is usually fatal. Plague is a contagious bacterial disease that spreads rapidly and is usually fatal. The most infamous plague is the Black Death that spread throughout Europe in the 1300s and caused 25 million deaths. The most infamous plague is the Black Death that spread throughout Europe in the 1300s and caused 25 million deaths.

8 Red Death The Red Death is Poe’s fictional disease where the victim is overcome by convulsive agony and sweats blood instead of water. The Red Death is Poe’s fictional disease where the victim is overcome by convulsive agony and sweats blood instead of water. The plague is said to kill within half an hour. The plague is said to kill within half an hour.

9 “The ‘Red Death’ had long devastated the country. No pestilence [disease] had ever been so fatal [deadly], or so hideous. Blood was its Avatar [embodiment] and its seal—the redness and the horror of blood” (Poe 421).

10 Literary Elements SYMBOLISM SYMBOLISM ALLEGORY ALLEGORY IMAGERY IMAGERY

11 Symbolism Symbols are ordinary objects, events, people, or animals to which we have attached extraordinary meaning and significance. A symbol is concrete and it stands for something abstract.

12 Death Death Love, Friendship Love, Friendship Death, Love Death, Love

13 ALLEGORY An allegory is a narrative work with two levels of meaning: the literal (obvious), and the symbolic. All (or most) of the characters, settings, and events in an allegory are symbols that stand for ideas beyond themselves. The overall purpose of an allegory is to teach a moral lesson.

14 Basic Plot Symbol + Symbol + Symbol = Allegory Scarecrow, Tin Man, Lion Wisdom, Heart, Courage

15 IMAGERY Language that appeals to one or more of the five senses. Language that appeals to one or more of the five senses. “There were sharp pains, and sudden dizziness, and then profuse [severe] bleeding at the pores... [there were] scarlet stains upon the body and especially upon the face of the victim” (Poe 421).

16 VOCABULARY Old: New: p.__

17 PROFUSE (adj.) great in amount, plentiful. (adj.) great in amount, plentiful.

18 Countenance (n.) the face (n.) the face

19 WANTON (adj.) shamelessly unrestrained, immoral. (adj.) shamelessly unrestrained, immoral.

20 SPECTRAL (adj.) ghostlike (adj.) ghostlike

21 BLASPHEMOUS (adj.) showing disrespect or scorn for God or anything sacred. (adj.) showing disrespect or scorn for God or anything sacred.

22 Read and discuss the text (as you read) Ask yourself: What moral lesson does Poe teach the reader through his use of allegorical symbols in this story? Ask yourself: What moral lesson does Poe teach the reader through his use of allegorical symbols in this story? Ask yourself: Which of Poe’s sensory details help generate suspense? Ask yourself: Which of Poe’s sensory details help generate suspense?

23 Bellwork # 1. The gleaming snow gave the scene a _______ quality. 2. As she grew angrier, her words became increasingly _________. 3. A _______ rain often leads to flooding. 4. Sometimes, wild dancing makes dancers seem ________. 5. Her smiling ______ revealed her happiness. Using your vocabulary words, choose the word that best fits the sentence. Also, write the definition next to the word.

24 BELLWORK # 1. How do Prince Prospero and his friends try to escape the Red Death? 2. What are three symptoms victims have when they get the Red Death? 3. What word would you use to describe Prince Prospero? Include a detail from the story. 4. What kind of life do the prince and his guests lead while in the abbey? 5. What do the seven rooms and their structure symbolize? Answer the following questions in complete sentences. DO NOT write the questions!

25 Grandfather Clock

26 After Reading Questions (1 ?/ pair)

27 1. Why do Prince Prospero and his followers retreat to his palace? To escape the Red Death Plague

28 2. Describe in specific detail the series of rooms in which the Masquerade Ball takes place. A series of 7 rooms in a zig-zag pattern A series of 7 rooms in a zig-zag pattern

29 Going from East to West: Blue Blue Purple Purple Green Green Orange Orange White White Violet Violet Black Black

30

31 To serve as lighting, there are large bowls of burning coals between the rooms. To serve as lighting, there are large bowls of burning coals between the rooms. In the black room there stands a huge ebony grandfather clock. In the black room there stands a huge ebony grandfather clock.

32 The decorations match the color of each room. The decorations match the color of each room. There is a Gothic window in each room which panes match the color of the room. There is a Gothic window in each room which panes match the color of the room. The black room’s window panes are the only exception: its panes are “blood” red. The black room’s window panes are the only exception: its panes are “blood” red.

33 3. Explain how the party is constantly disrupted. Every time the clock strikes off another hour, the orchestra stops playing and the people stop dancing.

34 4. Compare life outside the palace with the life of the people Prospero brought inside. Outside Inside Reality Fantasy Death; Destruction Life Sorrow Happiness Health Disease/Sickness DespairHope Wealth Poverty

35 Because he suddenly and mysteriously appears out of nowhere Because he looks like someone with the Red Death Plague Because he just walks to and fro and doesn't talk 5. Why does the visitor frighten the guests? Describe his appearance.

36 Describe the intruder’s appearance and behavior. Describe the intruder’s appearance and behavior. It has a tall, gaunt appearance It has a tall, gaunt appearance It is “shrouded” with the “habiliments” of the dead It is “shrouded” with the “habiliments” of the dead It resembles someone with the red death disease. It resembles someone with the red death disease. Its face is dabbed in blood. Its face is dabbed in blood.

37 6. List three aspects of how Poe builds terror in the story: Description of the plague’s symptoms Doors welded shut; one couldn't leave even if one wanted to Dim, pulsing lights from the burning coals Black room with the red panes Appearance and behavior of the intruder Clock constantly stopping the party

38 LITERARY FOCUS 7. A. Define Allegory: A type of story in which the characters, settings, and events are an interconnected series of SYMBOLS. A type of story in which the characters, settings, and events are an interconnected series of SYMBOLS. The deeper or symbolic meaning of the story contains a LESSON ABOUT LIFE. The deeper or symbolic meaning of the story contains a LESSON ABOUT LIFE.

39 B. What is the allegorical lesson in the story? (write in the 3 rd Person) One cannot escape his or her fate or death. One cannot escape his or her fate or death.

40 SYMBOLS What might each Symbol from the story represent?

41 8. Prince Prospero – Wealth; prosperity He represents mankind's futile (pointless) attempt to live forever.

42 9. The masquerade Fantasy; escaping from reality

43 10. The masked figure – Death in general; More specifically, the Red Death Plague

44 11. The Ebony Clock A reminder of reality A reminder of reality That time is passing and life is coming to an end. That time is passing and life is coming to an end.

45 12. The seven rooms The Seven Deadly Sins 1. pride, 2. envy, 3. gluttony [greediness], 4. sloth [laziness], 5. lust [desire], 6. avarice [materialism], 7. wrath [anger] The Seven Stages of Life (infancy, childhood, teen years, young adulthood, middle age, old age, death) The Life Cycle

46 13. What two words can you use to describe Prince Prospero? Make sure that you provide an example from the story. Naïve Naïve Heartless Heartless Not a leader Not a leader Rich Rich

47 14. List three details that you learned about Edgar Allan Poe. American author and poet American author and poet Known for Horror, Suspense, Mystery, and Gothic Fiction. Known for Horror, Suspense, Mystery, and Gothic Fiction. Family and friends abandoned him or DIED! Family and friends abandoned him or DIED! Married his 13 year old cousin Married his 13 year old cousin Suffered from loneliness and had a drinking and gambling problem. Suffered from loneliness and had a drinking and gambling problem. The cause of his death remains unknown!!! The cause of his death remains unknown!!!

48 15. Why do the revelers (guests) avoid the seventh room? Because it is a reminder of the outside world (reality; plague) Because it is a reminder of the outside world (reality; plague) The scarlet-red windows give the illusion that they are drenched in blood. The scarlet-red windows give the illusion that they are drenched in blood.

49 16. What is the climax of the horror story? When the masked figure appears at the masquerade ball and Prince Prospero attempts to stab him. When the masked figure appears at the masquerade ball and Prince Prospero attempts to stab him.Or When Prince Prospero dies and some of the revelers unmask the stranger and find that there is no one behind the mask. When Prince Prospero dies and some of the revelers unmask the stranger and find that there is no one behind the mask.


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