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 starter activity These words were scratched on a church wall in Hertfordshire. They read, ‘1349 the pestilence. 1350, pitiless, wild, violent, the dregs.

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Presentation on theme: " starter activity These words were scratched on a church wall in Hertfordshire. They read, ‘1349 the pestilence. 1350, pitiless, wild, violent, the dregs."— Presentation transcript:

1  starter activity These words were scratched on a church wall in Hertfordshire. They read, ‘1349 the pestilence. 1350, pitiless, wild, violent, the dregs of the people live to tell the tale.’ Why were medieval people so frightened by this plague?

2 How did the Black Death get its name? TBAT explain the origin of the Black Death, at least 3 medieval reactions to the Black Death & 3 ways they tried to treat or cure it  LOs

3  Your task Study the information on p.52-3 and note down the answers to the activities on p.52 Study the information on p.52-3 and note down the answers to the activities on p.52 Watch the clip from ‘History of Britain’ entitled ‘King Death’ by Simon Schama and complete the video question sheet your teacher provides. Watch the clip from ‘History of Britain’ entitled ‘King Death’ by Simon Schama and complete the video question sheet your teacher provides.

4  Your task Study p.54 and note down where the plague came from, what historians believe caused the plague and how many died. Study p.54 and note down where the plague came from, what historians believe caused the plague and how many died.  Do you think the Black Death would have struck the Romans so hard?  Do you think the Black Death would have struck the Romans so hard?

5 What caused the Black Death? Origins: Asia & Europe Origins: Asia & Europe Bubonic plague – buboes, high fever, vomiting, death within 2-5 days, spread by fleas Bubonic plague – buboes, high fever, vomiting, death within 2-5 days, spread by fleas Pneumonic plague – attacks lungs, spread by coughing Pneumonic plague – attacks lungs, spread by coughing 40% population died 40% population died

6  Your task Study source 1-5 on p.56. Copy these statements into your notes and find a piece of evidence from at least 1 source to support it. Study source 1-5 on p.56. Copy these statements into your notes and find a piece of evidence from at least 1 source to support it. Ideas of Galen still accepted Ideas of Galen still accepted Black Death connected to bad air & dirt Black Death connected to bad air & dirt Outsiders were blamed Outsiders were blamed Science was very different from today Science was very different from today It was a punishment from God It was a punishment from God  Which explanation do you think was most widely believed  Which explanation do you think was most widely believed

7 Medieval explanations of Black Death Ideas of Galen still accepted: John of Burgundy blamed ‘evil humours’ (Source 5) Ideas of Galen still accepted: John of Burgundy blamed ‘evil humours’ (Source 5) Black Death connected to bad air & dirt: John Jacobus believed it was caused by smells from a ‘privy toilet’ (Source 1) Black Death connected to bad air & dirt: John Jacobus believed it was caused by smells from a ‘privy toilet’ (Source 1) Outsiders were blamed: Jews had poisoned water supplies in Germany (Source 4) Outsiders were blamed: Jews had poisoned water supplies in Germany (Source 4) Science was very different from today: Guy de Chauliac believed it was caused by bad indigestion and position of planets (Source 3) Science was very different from today: Guy de Chauliac believed it was caused by bad indigestion and position of planets (Source 3) Punishment from God: Prior of Canterbury C blamed sins of men (Source 2) Punishment from God: Prior of Canterbury C blamed sins of men (Source 2)

8 The symptoms!

9  Your task Study sources 6-10 on p.57. Note down the different ways in which the plague was treated. Study sources 6-10 on p.57. Note down the different ways in which the plague was treated.  Can you see any similarities with treatments from ancient times?  Can you see any similarities with treatments from ancient times?

10 How did people try to treat or stop the Black Death? Flagellants – whipped themselves to make amends for people’s sins which they thought caused the plague Flagellants – whipped themselves to make amends for people’s sins which they thought caused the plague Observations - some doctors test urine or felt the patient’s pulse Observations - some doctors test urine or felt the patient’s pulse Avoiding things which cause imbalances in the humours Avoiding things which cause imbalances in the humours Prayers and votive offerings: human scale candles Prayers and votive offerings: human scale candles Lack of cleanliness - Edward III ordered streets to be cleaned in 1349 Lack of cleanliness - Edward III ordered streets to be cleaned in 1349

11  Your task Your teacher will give you’re a cure to advertise. Produce a radio advert for a miracle plague cure. Your advert must include the following: Your teacher will give you’re a cure to advertise. Produce a radio advert for a miracle plague cure. Your advert must include the following: Be no longer than 30 seconds long Be no longer than 30 seconds long Describe the effects of the plague on local people Describe the effects of the plague on local people Refer to explanations of the plague Refer to explanations of the plague Recommend your ‘miracle cure’ Recommend your ‘miracle cure’ Print off your work and stick it around the room. Vote on the best one Print off your work and stick it around the room. Vote on the best one  Extension. Have a go at creating a radio jingle  Extension. Have a go at creating a radio jingle

12 Plenary Plenary What were the causes of the Black Death (modern explanations) What were the causes of the Black Death (modern explanations) How did medieval people explain it? How did medieval people explain it? How did they treat it? How did they treat it?  Which factors helped and which hindered the treatment of the plague?  Which factors helped and which hindered the treatment of the plague? Help or hindrance?

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14  Homework  Produce the front page of a newspaper printed in Describe the effect of the outbreak of the plague on the people of London. Include the following: Produce the front page of a newspaper printed in Describe the effect of the outbreak of the plague on the people of London. Include the following: Explanations of the causes Explanations of the causes Medieval treatments and attempts to stop the plague Medieval treatments and attempts to stop the plague Interview with Mayor or London or Edward III Interview with Mayor or London or Edward III  Add information that would have been topical in  Add information that would have been topical in 1348.


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