Presentation on theme: "SALISBURY AREA GREENSPACE PARTNERSHIP"— Presentation transcript:
1SALISBURY AREA GREENSPACE PARTNERSHIP S P R E A D I N G THE WORDNov 2013
2Links to background information Salisbury Greenspace Partnershiphttps://salisburygreenspace.wordpress.com/Wiltshire Council’s Green Infrastructure StrategyNational Ecosystem AssessmentGovernment White Paper ‘The Natural Choice: securing the value of nature’ June 2011Defra’s Natural Capital CommitteeLocal Nature Partnerships & Local Enterprise PartnershipsA recent report from the Government think-tank Policy Exchange about importance of greenspace mappingAs well as nature’s intrinsic value, & the social and cultural benefits of a healthy and natural environment, clearly there are important economic benefits. Current jargon refers to all these resources & benefits collectively as eco-system services or natural capital. The problem is that it is difficult to put a value on natural capital & therefore in economic terms, the market fails to take their benefits into account. Consequently, decisions, like where to build housing or whether land is more valuable as a park or as a car park, are made without the full set of information and values.Putting a ‘proper’ value on natural capital is not easy. The Government recognise this & sponsored a major piece of research called the National Ecosystem Assessment several years ago. This in turn influenced the Gvmnt White Paper on the natural envronment called: ‘The Natural Choice: securing the value of nature’ which was published in June Defra have now set up the Natural Capital Committee to advise government on these issues & I understand an Ecosystems Market Task Force has been set up to advise business on the services which flow from our natural capital.This is encouraging, but it is a complex & time consuming process. There is still the problem of how to value nature in decision making in the meantime. In Wiltshire as in counties throughout England, there are Local Nature Partnerships working with the Local Enterprise Partnerships that represent business interests to try to ensure that environmental objectives & priorities for investment are factored into their funding strategies. In particular, the Structural Investment Fund strategies for spending the new round of European funding for the 7 year period from 2014 to 2020 & the funding is substantial. [The total SIF will be around 88 million euros for the Wilts & Swindon LEP.] SGP were pleased to have been invited to contribute to a recent workshop by the S&WLNP as to how this might be achieved in Wiltshire. It will be interesting to see how things work out.
3The Vision for the Partnership Working together:To create a better environment for people and wildlife in the Salisbury areaTo provide a strong local voice for greenspace and raise awareness of its valueTo plan and manage the green infrastructure (GI) for thelonger termWe are a community-led partnership which was set up nearly 2 years ago & our vision can be summed up in the following way:We want to bring benefits for wildlife & improve access and opportunities for people to use and enjoy the many benefits of local greenspaceWe want to make people more aware the importance of green spaces & the connections between them – for wildlife & the community and also for the local economyThe greenspace network which is often referred to as green infrastructure & so we also want to ensure that it is planned & managed to help our local communities become more sustainable over timeThis fits with broader government policies & with WC’s current work of developing the Green Infrastructure Strategy for the whole county
4What is greenspace/green infrastructure? Playing fieldsUrbanParksCemeteriesChildren’s play areasWater meadowsAllotmentsStreet treesStreet treesWe have a whole variety of green spaces within our local communities and as I have just mentioned, the term green infrastructure refers to the network of different types that intersperse and connect our towns, cities and villages.There are the traditional types of open space including parks, sports pitches and play areas, as well as civic spaces and green roofs, institutional grounds like schools, street trees, domestic gardens, footpaths and cycle routes, river valleys and road verges.But greenspace also includes woodlands, fields, country parks, lakes as well as linear features which are potential corridors for people and wildlife such as the bridleways, footpaths, cycle ways, roads and railways, rivers, canals, and hedgerowsRivers & the different types of water bodies are often referred to as blue space.These networks of linked multi-functional green spaces are important assets that deliver a host of benefits & we ignore them at our peril.Cycle waysUrban woodlandsRiver corridorsRailway embankments
5Why is GI so important?It plays a vital part in providing the natural resourceswe need to survive:biodiversity, and many and varied habitatsclean air and waterhelps to mitigate climate changefertile soilsflood protectionfoodfuelSo lets just examine why the green infrastructure is of such fundamental importance.As you can clearly see here the natural environment provides many of the resources we depend on – as well as biodiversity, there is the provision of clean air and water, the ability to mitigate climate change and provide protection against flooding, as well as the provision of fertile soils, food and fuelWC’s State of the Environment Report prepared in by WWT emphasises very effectively how dependent we are on a healthy natural environment
6Why is GI so important? It enhances our quality of life: provides inspiring placesplaces that are rich in wildlifeplaces to play and excerciseplaces to relax and enjoyplaces to experience the natural worldWe all respond to the natural world at a variety of levels and there is now an increasing body of research available to support the fact that access to greenspace is vital for our health and well being. As we know green places that are well designed and managed, and rich in wildlife, can be wonderfully inspiring as well as healing, and can provide places to play, excercise, relax, enjoy and generally enhance our daily lives
7Why is GI so important?It helps create attractive and distinctive places in which to live:adds value to property,provides educational resources,attracts businesses to invest in an areabrings local communities togetherAs well as nature’s intrinsic value, & the social and cultural benefits of a healthy and natural environment, clearly there are important economic benefits. Current jargon refers to all these resources & benefits collectively as eco-system services or natural capital. The problem is that it is difficult to put a value on natural capital & therefore in economic terms, the market fails to take their benefits into account. Consequently, decisions, like where to build housing or whether land is more valuable as a park or as a car park, are made without the full set of information and values.Putting a ‘proper’ value on natural capital is not easy. The Government recognise this & sponsored a major piece of research called the National Ecosystem Assessment several years ago. This in turn influenced the Gvmnt White Paper on the natural envronment called: ‘The Natural Choice: securing the value of nature’ which was published in June Defra have now set up the Natural Capital Committee to advise government on these issues & I understand an Ecosystems Market Task Force has been set up to advise business on the services which flow from our natural capital.This is encouraging, but it is a complex & time consuming process. There is still the problem of how to value nature in decision making in the meantime. In Wiltshire as in counties throughout England, there are Local Nature Partnerships working with the Local Enterprise Partnerships that represent business interests to try to ensure that environmental objectives & priorities for investment are factored into their funding strategies. In particular, the Structural Investment Fund strategies for spending the new round of European funding for the 7 year period from 2014 to 2020 & the funding is substantial. [The total SIF will be around 88 million euros for the Wilts & Swindon LEP.] SGP were pleased to have been invited to contribute to a recent workshop by the S&WLNP as to how this might be achieved in Wiltshire. It will be interesting to see how things work out.
8Area covered by the Partnership WiltonLaverstockand FordSalisbury CityThe 3 main urban centres of Wilton, Salisbury, and Laverstock & Ford are included. Of course there are other parish councils in this area which we hope will also want to join the partnership & I will come back to this point a little later onThe area in & around Salisbury is very fortunate and has a lot of greenspace which provides a wonderful setting for our historic city. Is one of the key reasons why people want to live and work here and why visitors come here from around the world. But there is the danger that we can take it forgranted & that the qualities we value are being eroded.
9Current Partners Local Specialist Groups Local Authority South Wilts Agenda 21South Wilts Agenda 21 BiodiversityGroupSalisbury Natural History SocietyRiver Bourne Community FarmCPRE South Wiltshire GroupSalisbury Civic SocietyCOGS (Cycling Opportunities GroupSalisbury)Bemerton Activity TrailsSalisbury BeekeepersWiltshire Bat GroupFive Rivers Association Bat GroupWiltshire Botanical GroupWilton Community Land TrustLocal AuthorityWiltshire Council – officers concerned with public open space, public rights of way, green infrastructure strategy, spatial planning, landscape, ecology, countrysideSalisbury VisionParish CouncilsSalisbury CityLaverstock & FordWilton Town CouncilCommunity/VolunteersSalisbury City Community Area PartnershipFriends of Harnham WatermeadowsDean & Chapter, Salisbury CathedralFriends of Harnham SlopeFriends of Churchill GardensSarum AcademySalisbury Wildlife GroupTCV – The Conservation VolunteersWiltshire NHSWalking for HealthWiessex Community ActionEnvironmentalAgenciesNatural EnglandLink2Nature (Wiltshire & Swindon Local Nature Partnership)Forestry CommissionEnvironment AgencyRSPBWiltshire Wildlife TrustEnglish HeritageSGP was launched in spring 2012 by a small group of local people who have worked tirelessly over a long period & who have a strong interest in greenspace & its significance for wildlife. Individual specialists & organisations representing a wide range of interests in the natural environment were invited to the launch event & gave their enthusiastic support for an informal partnership that would provide a voice for greenspace in this area.As you can see current partners include the local authority, Wiltshire Council; 3 parish councils of Salisbury City, Laverstock & Ford & Wilton; other significant landowners such as the River Bourne Community Farm, the Harnham Watermeadows Trust, English Heritage and the Dean & Chapter. There are the various environmental agencies such as Natural England, Link2 Nature – the Wilts & Swindon Local Nature Partnership, the Forestry Commission, Environment Agency, RSPB, Wiltshire Wildlife Trust, & English Heritage; & the local specialist groups including South Wilts Agenda 21 & its Biodiversity Group (have chairs of both here), Salisbury Beekeepers & the Bat Group, COGS cyclists group, the Civic Society as well as community and volunteer groups such as Salisbury City Community Area Partnership, Walking for Health, Salisbury Wildlife Group, Wiltshire NHS & various Friends of groups.We are aware that there are gaps. One of the significant groups that is missing are representatives of the local business community and we are working to try to address this issue at the moment.A representative Steering Group (of 15 members) is taking the partnership forward.
10What are the local issues? South NewtonQuidhamptonBritfordNetherhamptonDurnfordClarendon ParkWiltonSalisburyWoodfordAvon Valley Nature ReserveHarnham SlopeWoodlandLaverstock & FordCountry Park at Hampton Park 2River Bourne Community FarmDelegates at the 2 workshops held as part of the launch event highlighted some key issues.Fragmented ownerships is a problem which in areas like the Avon Valley Nature Reserve & Harnham Slope Woodland, or at the River Bourne Community Farm or Hampton Park 2 – shown here in green, make a co-ordinated management approach difficultFragmented Ownerships
11What are the local issues? South NewtonQuidhamptonBritfordNetherhamptonDurnfordClarendon ParkWiltonSalisburyWoodfordLaverstock & FordDifferent jurisdictions in the Salisbury are an issue since Wiltshire became a unitary authority. As well as Wiltshire Council there are 10 parish councils. 3 of are members of the Partnership including Salisbury which is one of the largest parish councils in England representing over 40,000 people!Different Jurisdictions – Wiltshire Council + 10 Parishes
12What are the local issues? Amesbury AreaBoardSouthern Area BoardSalisbury AreaBoardSouth West Area BoardIn additon, there are 4 Area Boards but only one – Salisbury has a Community Area Partnership. The other Area Borads rely on parish council’s to represent their communities.To try address this specific issue we want to establish and improve links with the 4 Area Boards and the other 7 parish councils within the area covered by the partnership & will be using a similar powerpoint presentation to raise awareness of the need for more joined up thinking.Different Jurisdictions – 4 Area Boards
13What are the local issues? South NewtonQuidhamptonBritfordNetherhamptonDurnfordClarendon ParkWiltonSalisburyWoodfordLonghedgeOld SarumAirfieldHampton ParkFugglestone RedErskine BarracksSouthampton Road GatewayLaverstock & FordThe MaltingsIn addition, a number of the current development proposals straddle the administrative boundaries particularly around the periphery of Salisbury– shown as blue circles. Clearly they have an impact on several parishes and area boards but again it is difficult to appreciate the bigger picture & to assess their impact on our natural resources.Development Pressures
14Other local issues? Poor connections between existing green spaces Current management regimes that tend not to benefit wildlifeProblems of overuse and misuse especially on the urban fringesLack of knowledge and interest in local green spacesLack of resourcesLack of vision for the planning and management of greenspace and green infrastructureThe launch workshops also brought up other important issues …………..(read listGreenspace & wildlife, or rivers or people on foot or on bikes or in cars don’t recognise administrative boundaries & it is difficult to think about these things or plan for them in a compartmentalised way, & since we have become a unitary authority, it is now even more difficult to take an overview of the situation for management purposesThe green infrastructure strategy currently being prepared by Wilts Council is likely to be approved within the next year after public consultation & will provide a useful broad framework for thinking about GI but local issues will have to be resolved at the local level which is where we are hoping the joined up thinking provided by SGP will pay dividends.
15Current focus?Mapping local greenspace to find out what is out there and where it is. This includes updating Salisbury District Council’s 2007 Public Open Space SurveyCarrying out Phase 1 Habitat Mapping to provide baseline information initially for priority sitesParish Council footpath surveys, and hedgerow surveys as part of the CPRE’s Hedgerow Initiative 2010Workshop 2 at the launch identified a number of priorities for action & the most important one was mapping - to survey and record what green space assets we have and where they are.We shall also be updating Salisbury District’s POS survey and undertaking Phase 1 Habitat surveys, initially on key sites, to provide baseline information.In addition, the Parish Mapping being undertaken as part of a CPRE initiative will also provide valuable information.This is our current main focus.
16Greenspace mapping Sample Map Sample Survey Sheets Typology: Readily accessible community greenspaceRestricted/controlled access greenspaceNatural/semi-natural greenspaceProductive greenspaceStrategic greenspaceLinear featuresThe mapping is proving to be quite a challenge and a time commitment for volunteers but it is of fundamental importance, & we hope it will inform the decision making of SGP partners who are owners and managers of greenspace & help them to understand the broader context. The mapping resource will also support parishes in the preparation of their neighbourhood plans.To ensure the data will be of value to partners the survey work is being carried in some detail and according to an agreed typology which has 6 broad categories of greenspace:Category 1 - ‘Readily accessible community greenspace’ includes - parks & public gardens, play provision of various types & general amenity greenspace’Restricted and/or controlled access greenspace’ covers allotments, outdoor sports facilites, cemeteries & churchyards. [Private gardens are type 2 but there is no intention to survey them at this stage because of the time factor]Natural or semi-natural greenspace which is not freely accessible to the community includes watermeadows, downland, woodland, various water bodiesProductive greenspace includes arable farmland, orchards, paddocks, quarries or other mineral workingsStrategic greenspace includes land awaiting development, as well as vacant or derelict land, & brownfield sitesThe linear features are fairly obvious – footpaths, bridleways & other permissive routes, cycleways, rivers, hedgerows, roads & railways all of which provide the important connections between green spacesSample MapSample Survey Sheets
17Greenspace mapping typology Volunteers have carried out the survey using this detailed typology over last winter using Google & Bing Maps as well as local knowledge.WC officers are members of the SGP steering group and are providing invaluable support for the mapping excercise. They have provided base maps under their licence with the Ordnance Survey and have undertaken to enter the data onto their GIS system which is a substantial task and is underway at the moment. Once complete the mapping will be able to be fully interrogated and used in a variety of ways by different partners. For example, Salisbury City Council plan to use the mapping to assist with their greenspace management and resource allocation; Wiltshire Council want to use the information to produce a single set of Public Open Space standards across Wiltshire.
18Phase 1 Habitat Parish Surveys Mapping Detailed habitat information is ImprovedgrasslandBroadleaved, mixed & yew woodlandNeutralSmall swamp areaRiver Bourne Community FarmAnother important dimension is the baseline data being provided by the Phase 1 Habitat mapping – on the left you can see a worked example of the information gathered at River Bourne Community farm which is then recorded by the Wilts & Swindon Biological Record Centre; and you can also see the local volunteers of Laverstock & Ford undertaking training for their hedgerow surveys.Overall there is a lot of data to be processed which will take a few more months yet butIt will provide a valuable tool to enable planning for better management, access and provision in due course.It will be possible to better defend our green spaces against loss from development.It will be possible to see the bigger picture across several parishes/communities and allow for joined up thinking – literally!It is also enabling volunteers to get involved & training session have been held to get them geared up.The Salisbury Greenspace Partnership is now being seen by Wilts Council as a pilot and example of good practice for other community-led greenspace & green infrastructure initiatives.And it is a good example of effective partnership working – all this information will not only benefit partners locally but it will also assist WC to develop its county wide POS strategy and potentially help to deliver the Green Infrastructure Strategy for the whole of Wiltshire.Detailed habitat information isrecorded in additional Target NotesResidents of Laverstock & Ford Parish training for their hedgerow surveys
19Resources for Partners Comprehensive mapping and data on local greenspace to support more wildlife friendly managementA regular greenspace forum to ensure a stronger voice for greenspaceImproved community support with greater resources for local green infrastructureFinally, to summarise what resources we aim to provide for partners:We aim to have mapping that can provide the overview of green infrastructure in the area. It will be able to be interrogated & used as a management tool to help partners join up their thinking. Can be updated & further information added over time eg. significant groups of trees & individual specimens, TPO’s, Conservation Areas etcWe also want to encourage a greater commitment to improving wildlife habitat, diversity & range – particularly targetting grassland management including semi natural areas, woodland management and the river corridors.We want to establish a strong local voice for greenspace with a regular forum which has an influencing role –making sure that there continues to be an input to the LEP investment strategy development for the whole of Swindon & Wilts; that there are effectives links with the LNP Link2Nature; & that there continues to be an input into the GI strategy for Wiltshire, as well as monitoring development proposals & planning applicationsWe want to ensure there is greater support locally for greenspace especially amongst schools & also the business community, & equally important, ensure there are more resources for GI – to improve & extend existing greenspace & improve connectivity; to tackle the various issues that have been highlighted, perhaps for example, with a local ranger service which would help to overcome the problems of overuse & misuse; & to share skills & specialist equipment in order to manage local greenspace in a wildlife friendly way. Could there be a local greeenspace fund? We shall also need support for the mapping in order to keep the resource up to date.So there are lots of challenges ahead but it is encouraging to note that this work will help to fill in the knowledge gaps identified in Wilts & Swindon’s ‘State of the Environment Report’ – (recording & mapping of land use & habitats, connectivity between habitats & the extent & quality of existing green infrastructure) but are essential in order to make a strong case for nature into the future.