Presentation on theme: "Salisbury – From green space to green infrastructure Ian Phillips MRTPI, CMLI www.ianphillips.eu greenspace initiative workshop, 23 February 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Salisbury – From green space to green infrastructure Ian Phillips MRTPI, CMLI greenspace initiative workshop, 23 February 2012
GI – history Originated in USA in 1990s to promote –value of natural environment in land use planning –making best use of land as scarce resource Developed in UK from c Embedded in UK government policy 2010 Emerging as EU wide strategy in 2012
GI – key concepts Essential services provided by natural systems – ecosystem services Valuing green / open space as an asset Multi-functional use of spaces Connecting spaces to create network Collaborative planning, design and management
GI – multiple benefits Allotments Business parks Community space Country park Suburban housing Upland areas Sustainable drainage Urban centres Green spine routes
GI assets – beyond PPG 17 Public parks and accessible open space Sports pitches Allotments Cemeteries and churchyards Open countryside Nature reserves Forestry and woodland Farmland Streets and urban spaces Waterways, ponds, lakes and reservoirs Linear features (transportation corridors, hedgerows, paths, etc) Institutional land Domestic and other private gardens Car parks and under-used operational land Green roofs and walls
The multi-functional network The whole is more than the sum of its parts Making best use of land Grey to green - soft engineering solutions Identifying opportunities for improvement Addressing deficiencies of provision Engaging new and more stakeholders
Salisbury – elements of a green city Green fingers / wedges into the city High quality riverine environments Downland escarpment surroundings Historic parks and open spaces mainly peripheral to compact, grid-based, mediaeval core
Salisbury – city of rivers Blue space – the natural network Managing water supply and quality Alternative access routes Enhancing high biodiversity value Addressing flood risk
Salisbury – alternative accessibility network Historic routes linking city to countryside and surroundings A basis for greenway network – with rivers?
Salisbury – heritage site An international destination Support for the tourist economy Built heritage related to the landscape setting High quality spaces make good townscape
Salisbury – transport Transportation systems create spaces, landmarks and gateways Transportation routes offer corridors and links
Salisbury - suburbs Gardens contribute significant green space Most streets deserve trees Is mown grass good enough?
Stanhope selected for Salisbury city centre revamp “securing this city's future as a first class shopping and leisure destination” “an awareness of the city's history and the 'once in a generation opportunity' this site presents” “an outstanding opportunity to create a wonderful new riverside retail and leisure destination” Salisbury development – managing change and identifying opportunities
gi and planning NPPF supports green infrastructure South Wiltshire Core Strategy, 2012 Salisbury City Conservation Area Appraisal / Management Plan Salisbury Vision – private / public partnership Key open space / landscape documents –PPG 17 open space audit, 2006 –Landscape character assessment, 2008 –Settlement setting assessment, 2008 –Wiltshire GI Strategy (consultation draft) Cross-boundary co-ordination / Duty to Co-operate? Locally valued landscapes? S.106 contributions / Community Infrastructure Levy? Stakeholder workshops – Spaceshaper?
Local gi initiatives from afar
Local opportunities for Salisbury?
gi challenges The new planning system Confusion between gi and open space Marketing the gi concept and promoting the long term and wider value of gi Engaging disparate communities Visionary thinking and leadership Collaborative and cross-boundary working Resourcing and funding Gi designation and protection
Recent gi initiatives Lawton Review – Making Space for Nature (Sep 2010) UK National Ecosystem Assessment (June 2011) Defra White Paper on Natural Environment (June 2011) NPPF Impact Assessment (July 2011) EU GI working group – future strategy Defra’s GI Partnership (October 2011)
Local action guidelines Establish a vision Identify and map existing assets Identify and prioritise important local needs and areas of under- provision Target potential opportunity sites and under-used land, exploit potential strategic links Seek some easy, early wins Produce a GI delivery strategy Promote and support strong local plan policies Engage broad community interests, including non-green space partners, local businesses Allow for ongoing management resourcing Plan and design for value, functionality, climate change, local character and heritage, public art and crafts, sense of place and DELIGHT