Presentation on theme: "Salisbury – From green space to green infrastructure"— Presentation transcript:
1Salisbury – From green space to green infrastructure greenspace initiative workshop, 23 February 2012Salisbury – From green space to green infrastructureIan Phillips MRTPI, CMLI
2GI – history Originated in USA in 1990s to promote value of natural environment in land use planningmaking best use of land as scarce resourceDeveloped in UK from c. 2009Embedded in UK government policy 2010Emerging as EU wide strategy in 2012
3GI – key conceptsEssential services provided by natural systems – ecosystem servicesValuing green / open space as an assetMulti-functional use of spacesConnecting spaces to create networkCollaborative planning, design and management
4GI – multiple benefits Business parks Country park Allotments Community spaceSuburban housingSustainable drainageFlood risk reductionWater managementBiodiversityRenewable energyRecreation and leisureHealthy livingAlternative transportationMicro-climate controlPlace-making and local characterFood productionRaw materialsEconomic developmentCommunity development and cohesionGreen spine routesUpland areasUrban centres
5GI assets – beyond PPG 17 Public parks and accessible open space Sports pitchesAllotmentsCemeteries and churchyardsOpen countrysideNature reservesForestry and woodlandFarmlandStreets and urban spacesWaterways, ponds, lakes and reservoirsLinear features (transportation corridors, hedgerows, paths, etc)Institutional landDomestic and other private gardensCar parks and under-used operational landGreen roofs and walls
6The multi-functional network The whole is more than the sum of its partsMaking best use of landGrey to green - soft engineering solutionsIdentifying opportunities for improvementAddressing deficiencies of provisionEngaging new and more stakeholdersThe whole is more than the sum of its partsMaking best use of land - Responding to competing pressuresGrey to green - soft engineering solutionsIdentifying opportunities for improvementAddressing deficiencies of provisionEngaging new and more stakeholders
7Salisbury – elements of a green city Green fingers / wedges into the cityHigh quality riverine environmentsDownland escarpment surroundingsHistoric parks and open spaces mainly peripheral to compact, grid-based, mediaeval core
8Salisbury – city of rivers Blue space – the natural networkManaging water supply and qualityAlternative access routesEnhancing high biodiversity valueAddressing flood risk
9Salisbury – alternative accessibility network Historic routes linking city to countryside and surroundingsA basis for greenway network – with rivers?
10Salisbury – heritage site An international destinationSupport for the tourist economyBuilt heritage related to the landscape settingHigh quality spaces make good townscape
11Salisbury – transportTransportation systems create spaces, landmarks and gatewaysTransportation routes offer corridors and links
12Salisbury - suburbs Gardens contribute significant green space Most streets deserve treesIs mown grass good enough?
13Salisbury development – managing change and identifying opportunities Stanhope selected for Salisbury city centre revamp“securing this city's future as a first class shopping and leisure destination”“an awareness of the city's history and the 'once in a generation opportunity' this site presents”“an outstanding opportunity to create a wonderful new riverside retail and leisure destination”ResourcesDirect provision on siteIndirect provision off site as mitigationCommunity infrastructure levySection 106 obligationsOpportunitiesNew open space – green and blueIncreased capacity of existing spaceRetained and new tree coverStrategic natural and artificial corridor linksGreen roofs and wallsSuDSRenewable energyDesigned solutionsc new houses proposed in the local plan
14gi and planning NPPF supports green infrastructure South Wiltshire Core Strategy, 2012Salisbury City Conservation Area Appraisal / Management PlanSalisbury Vision – private / public partnershipKey open space / landscape documentsPPG 17 open space audit, 2006Landscape character assessment, 2008Settlement setting assessment, 2008Wiltshire GI Strategy (consultation draft)Cross-boundary co-ordination / Duty to Co-operate?Locally valued landscapes?S.106 contributions / Community Infrastructure Levy?Stakeholder workshops – Spaceshaper?NPPF supports green infrastructureneed to prepare strategyidentify, record, designate
15Local gi initiatives from afar Freiburg– historic city centre, high density new residential suburbs within green matrix- children can play anywhere – numerous natural play areas - SUDS – architecture that merges with the landscape – green roofs and walls – renewable and low energy principles practiced.CernayRiverine setting provides for flood control and rich biodiversity and enables access for passive recreation, nature study, education and play within a unique and high quality designed environmentUKTemporary land use for quick winsCommunity leisure gardens more accessible, flexible and sociable than allotments
16Local opportunities for Salisbury? gi and retro fitResourcesOther (‘non-green’) budgets e.g. transport, health, education, water, waste, businessesDevelopment contributions (CIL, S. 106, New Homes Bonus)OpportunitiesStreet treesTransport and waterway corridorsGreen walls and roofsUnder-used open spacesTemporary use of open spaceGround-source thermal energyLandscape for micro-climate management
17gi challenges The new planning system Confusion between gi and open spaceMarketing the gi concept and promoting the long term and wider value of giEngaging disparate communitiesVisionary thinking and leadershipCollaborative and cross-boundary workingResourcing and fundingGi designation and protectionCurrent EU level funding instruments that are potentially relevant to financing GIprojects include: Life+ funding (currently one of the main financing tools for GI inEurope), Cohesion Fund (trans-European issues such as ecosystem services,transport and urban development), Agricultural Fund for rural development(especially for semi-natural agricultural habitats), European Regional DevelopmentFund (infrastructure, investments, regional and local development including natureprotection), Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Program (eco-innovation), and 7th Research Framework ProgramsLIFE call for proposalsThe 2012 will be published here between the 15 February 2012 and the 15 March The private sector is also increasingly applying biodiversity offsetting measures ondevelopment schemes as part of their corporate social responsibility program. Thesemeasures have the potential to significantly enhance biodiversity conservation inimpoverished areas.Effective delivery requires:Vision and leadershipSound policy baseMulti-agency inputs and multi-disciplinary supportCo-ordinated planning, design and managementFunding and resources for acquisition, design, implementation AND LONG-TERM MANAGEMENT
18Recent gi initiativesLawton Review – Making Space for Nature (Sep 2010)UK National Ecosystem Assessment (June 2011)Defra White Paper on Natural Environment (June 2011)NPPF Impact Assessment (July 2011)EU GI working group – future strategyDefra’s GI Partnership (October 2011)Led by Professor Sir John Lawton, the review was set up to look at our wildlife sites and whether they are capable of responding and adapting to the growing challenges of climate change and other demands on our land.The UK National Ecosystem Assessment (UK NEA) is the first analysis of the UK’s natural environment in terms of the benefits it provides to society and continuing economic prosperity. Part of the Living With Environmental Change (LWEC) initiative, the UK NEA - which commenced in mid will be reporting in early It is an inclusive process involving many government, academic, NGO and private sector institutions.
19Local action guidelines Establish a visionIdentify and map existing assetsIdentify and prioritise important local needs and areas of under-provisionTarget potential opportunity sites and under-used land, exploit potential strategic linksSeek some easy, early winsProduce a GI delivery strategyPromote and support strong local plan policiesEngage broad community interests, including non-green space partners, local businessesAllow for ongoing management resourcingPlan and design forvalue, functionality, climate change, local character and heritage, public art and crafts, sense of place and DELIGHTLocal people know their area and their needsSticks may be more effective than carrots