2 Beginning of Slave Trade 1510 – Spanish Government legalizes sale of slaves in its colonies1st full ship of slaves arrives in Spanish colonies 8 years laterMiddle Passage – Voyage across the Atlantic1/6 of the slaves loaded on ships died in journey.
3 African Diaspora (scattering of people) The forced removal of Africans for slave laborIn the late 1800’s 12 million Africans had been enslavedTriangle trade- between Europe, Africa and America2 million died in the Middle Passage
4 Slave resistance Tried to run away or rebel Spanish passed slave codes, laws to regulate the treatment of slavesTried to soften harsh treatment but also punished slaves to keep them in bondage
5 RacismRacism is the belief that some people are inferior because of their raceEuropeans began to associate dark skin with slaverySlave trade lasted 400 yearsLaws were passed in the American Colonies that allowed harsh punishment of slaves
6 The Columbian Exchange The movement of living things between hemispheresOne result was the transportation of diseases the Native Americans could not resist20 million died from diseases
7 The Columbian Exchange (positives) Plants and animals brought to AmericasCattle, pigs, and horsesCrops such as grapes, onions, wheatPotatoes and corn moved to the European dietPeople also moved